Search results “Bronze age copper mining in america”
Missing Michigan Copper: Ancient copper mines in U.P. Updated version
Had to make a few amendments A reading from ancient America Donald J. McMahon Symbologist/Researcher on the missing copper from Michigan. was there an ancient prehistoric PreDeluvian worldwide culture existing? People like Columbus were useful fools used as pawns, I never understood how it is Columbus gets the title of the one who discovered America when he didn't even land there, he landed way south It's not like he discovered Virginia or New York. He didn't even land in the US. Mainstream historians, archeology, geology All of the-ology's are in line with the church still. when you put them together it spells theology! Music from Doug Maxwell/Media right productions.video source material from http://ancientamerica.com/missing-pre... and Science frontiers - http://www.science-frontiers.com/cat-... Also music from Les Hayden" Not Really" I can no longer find it NOTE: When I mention the singling out the first "White man" to see Michigan copper, What it should have maybe been was the first Spaniard to see Michigan copper.Would he then represent all Spaniards? I would think not Or European man one can not clump people according to what shade of brown they are.Have you ever seen the experiment a teacher did with her students where each day she would designate a certain eye color that was to be ostracized for the day and right away the kids saw the schism of it all, for example, today all kids except those with blue eyes get to enjoy ice cream while blue-eyed kids must watch the others eat it something like that, I heard a wise person once say if you hate something you will come back in the next life as that what you hated, and I think that is a very good approach to take whether true or not . Just my thoughts on that, to be that way but it just continues Mike Wallace asked The actor Morgan Freeman how should we deal with it and he replied " Just stop talking about" I liked that answer. Indeed
Views: 29075 Greg Jay
Don Spohn - Ancient Copper Mining
2016 - Copper Country Ancient Sites Conservancy Conference.
Views: 5473 Todd Rongstad
EVIDENCE! Solomon's Mines are here! It's Atlantean=Viking trade in America! Ruled Egypt!
We explore the ports of King Solomon's Mines in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan! I have always wanted to recreate Rider Haggard's story! This is I suppose one way of doing it! We visit the BIGGEST copper and gold mines of Ancient Times. Where else for Solomon's mines but here. Examine the facts... "In those days the Atlantic was navigable". The question is 'why'. For trade! Trading what? Copper ingots! (Orichalcum) which was controlled by none other than "Atlantis" = sunken UK/Doggerland! Apparently the mines were mined especially around 3000 BC. This was after the time of the sinking of most of UK/Doggerland, but not all of it. This is the bulk of the Ancient Irish = Viracocha trade with America! This ties into line with the Atlantean story of Atlanteans, ie Vikings trying to conquer everybody. After seeing this video, it's hard to dispute that the Vikings = Atlanteans may have controlled Egypt at one time as well! The similarities of Tut's Mask with Sutton Hoo mask raise another question: what's up with that!? Did Vikings actually conquer Egypt and is this why Tut has British DNA? The sheer, incredible amount of copper in the Keweenaw peninsula helped to turn the USA into a superpower. Did it do the same for 'Solomon?' All videos: http://www.whatisgiza.com/ Website: http://www.charleskos.com/ Old School Website htttp://charles.kos.id.au I now have a second channel. Self-help tips for success! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZBlwLbe40Ohjc9FH12LkLA Subbing would be much appreciated!
Views: 14044 Charles Kos
ancient copper industry in MI video
Michigan's Upper Peninsula has been known as "Copper Country" for years. But mining copper in the region dates back before the birth of Jesus Christ. An ancient people created a copper industry in which Lake Superior area copper is now found all across North and South America. Luke Clyburn of the Noble Odyssey Foundation talks about this ancient industry.
Views: 15787 Don G
Ancient Copper Work Shop found near St. Louis USA
Native Americans have been working with copper for nearly 10,000 years in North America:..Natives used a repeated steps of pounding, craving, heating and crafting to create jewelry, tools and weapons. There are mining sites that are old as 10,000 years old in the Great Lakes area and Canada...The ancient copper work shop at Cahokia was used between 800 A.D. to 1400 A.D...Natives did also have basic skills in smelting. Artifacts of silver, gold, alloys and arsenic bronze have been found in or near the ancient mounds of the Eastern United States the former home of the Mississippian Culture...Iron artifacts have been found in Canada and the Northeastern United States that were created by Native Americans. http://www.mpm.edu/collections/artifacts/anthropology/oldcopper/artifacts/ http://torrivent.blogspot.com/2009/11/native-metallurgy.html
Views: 24692 Thomas Oklahoma
Copper Through The Ages - The History Of Copper - History TV
Copper Through The Ages - The History Of Copper - History TV Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as Sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement. Copper is found as a pure metal in nature, and this was the first source of the metal to be used by humans, ca. 8,000 BC. It was the first metal to be smelted from its ore, ca. 5,000 BC, the first metal to be cast into a shape in a mold, ca. 4,000 BC and the first metal to be purposefully alloyed with another metal, tin, to create bronze, ca. 3,500 BC.[3] In the Roman era, copper was principally mined on Cyprus, the origin of the name of the metal, from aes сyprium (metal of Cyprus), later corrupted to сuprum, from which the words copper (English), cuivre (French), Koper (Dutch) and Kupfer (German) are all derived.[4] The commonly encountered compounds are copper(II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to such minerals as azurite, malachite, and turquoise, and have been used widely and historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper (usually roofing elements) corrode to give green verdigris (or patina). Decorative art prominently features copper, both in the elemental metal and in compounds as pigments. Copper compounds are also used as bacteriostatic agents, fungicides, and wood preservatives. Copper is essential to all living organisms as a trace dietary mineral because it is a key constituent of the respiratory enzyme complex cytochrome c oxidase. In molluscs and crustacea copper is a constituent of the blood pigment hemocyanin, replaced by the iron-complexed hemoglobin in fish and other vertebrates. In humans, copper is found mainly in the liver, muscle, and bone.[5] The adult body contains between 1.4 and 2.1 mg of copper per kilogram of body weight. Hence a healthy human weighing 60 kilogram contains approximately 0.1g of copper. However, this small amount is essential to the overall human well-being. Read More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper Subscribe For More Documentary Films: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsc7tosS2c0T-4_y94j23vw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 12926 History TV
USING LAKES TO MAP ANCIENT COPPER MINING, by Dr. David P. Pompeani, at the Copper and Culture Conference on Prehistoric Metal Working in the Lake Superior Region August 7, 2015, Houghton, Michigan.
Views: 6725 Todd Rongstad
Pre Columbian Copper in North America
Pre Columbian Copper in North America
Views: 1978 vlad9vt
Making History - Malachite & Copper
Early humans quickly find valuable uses for the first metals. The discovery of copper marks the end of the stone age and entry into more prolific times.
Views: 188971 AllHistories
Our copper smelter in Tanzania Africa
This running smelter plant is in Tanga Tanzania Africa, raw material: copper oxide, Copper sulfide, fuel: coke or anode butts, the product is copper blister or copper matte. We see the blister copper flow out and cast copper ingots. Gangtou Copper Melting Furnace Manufacturer http://www.ltlu.com Phone: 0086-763-3555870 Email: [email protected]
Views: 12050 Jason Liu
The Search For Ancient Americans
Earliest societies are investigated.
Views: 13507 Nowhere Man
Exploring Copper Mines in North Wales U.K.
Copper mining is probably the oldest known mining activity in Wales with documented evidence of Bronze Age mining on the Great Orme near Llandudno and at Copa Hill in the valley of the River Ystwyth in Ceredigion. Further copper discoveries were exploited in Snowdonia just to the east of Beddgelert where the Sygun Copper Mine, within the Snowdonia National Park, gives an idea of the conditions faced by copper miners and is a popular tourist attraction. In the 18th century the massive deposits of copper together with a range of other metals was discovered and exploited at Parys Mountain on Anglesey.
Timna: Israel's Ancient Copper Mines
Located 17 miles north of Eilat, Timna, once an extensive network of sophisticated cooper mines, is now a major tourist attraction in Israel's south.
Views: 7982 Jewish National Fund
Out of Place Artifacts, The Michigan Tablets
Alex Koritz shares out of place artifacts with the AHRF, the controversial history of the thousands of ancient writings on tablets that his family once owned. These anceint tablets were found in North America by the tens of thousands, over a period that covered hundreds of years. Main stream academia not wanting to admit that there was inter continental travel between the old and new world before columbus declared them a fraud. Because of the old world languages contained on them and because of some of the biblical scenes some of them contained they were immediately dismissed. New evidences have been found to support the validity of these tablets. Glen Beck did an entire show on these artifacts in support of there authenticity. Alex shares his families insight on them and how you can view them for your self in person to see this amazing collection that is not known about. The AHRF thanks Alex for taking the time to share this information with us. https://www.amazon.com/shop/terrycarter?ref=ac_inf_hm_vp Send letters and info to: Terry Carter 51 W. center #304 Orem, Utah 84057 [email protected] https://www.amazon.com/shop/terrycarter?ref=ac_inf_hm_vp Visit our web pages and forum http://www.ancientlosttreasures.com http://www.ancienthistoricalresearchfoundation.com http://www.mysteryglyphs.com Also look us up on face book at: https://www.facebook.com/groups/723774731015622/
Views: 346164 Terry Carter
10 Biggest Ancient Mysteries In Copper
Daily upload, subscribe for more► https://goo.gl/PoeQCx --- 10 Biggest Ancient Mysteries In Copper Facebook: https://goo.gl/QEjBxt Thank you to myuuji for the background music!
Views: 7731 List OMG
Prehistoric copper smelting in a pit!
How to turn copper ore into copper using Bronze Age techniques. For more information on our reconstruction of the earliest known copper smelting site in the UK (Pentrwyn, Great Orme) please visit: http://www.ancient-arts.org/pentrwyn%20exp%20report.pdf
Views: 440694 ancient1580
Journey to the Copper Age
In this May 12, 2013 Sunday at the Met program, discover how the introduction of metal production over 6,000 years ago created a "metallurgy revolution" that sparked social change in the southern Levant. Examine elaborate and prestigious metal objects created in this region, including crowns, scepters, and mace heads. Learn more about the first Israeli-Jordanian-American-German international experimental archaeology expedition, led by the speaker, to locate the Copper Age trade route used by the earliest metalworkers in the Holy Land. Thomas Evan Levy is the Distinguished Professor and Norma Kershaw Chair in the Archaeolgy of Ancient Israel and Neighboring Lands at the University of California, San Diego. This Sunday at the Met is made possible by the Helen Diller Family.
Views: 29096 The Met
Michigan Copper Mining: The Black Powder Era
America's Industrial Revolution was founded on copper mined from Michigan's Upper Peninsula. James Cassell, Collector of History, gives a fascinating look at the "Michigan Minecraft" tools and techniques used at the start of the rush that defined our state's history! More from Jim can be found here -- https://youtu.be/EkEHd9AW4Qo
Views: 35004 RochesterHillsTV
"Prehistoric Alien Mines" Found On Lake Superior?
Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/MysteryHistory Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MysteryHistoryBook/ Lake Superior, the largest of the north American Great Lakes, it is also the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Believe to have first been inhabited 10,000 years ago after the retreat of the last Ice Age However, there exists copper mines upon many of the lakes islands, which many researchers have concluded to be prehistoric. A sophisticated array of tunnels litter the islands, or more specifically all of north America. Scarred by ancient mine pits as deep as 150 feet. Carbon-14 testing of wood remains found in sockets of copper artefacts indicated that they are at least 5700 years old. Although many have suggested that artefacts and evidence at some sites, has suggested a date far older than what has been put forward. For example, some investigators believe that the mines were not even built by humans, but are the remains of a sophisticated mining operation that was once undertaken by alien visitors many thousands of years ago. Similar in scale to the ancient Carolina Mica mines, Mica being a material which we use in electrical components. The ancient copper mines on Superiors isle royale for example, although predictable disputed, produced over 750,000 tons of copper for a sophisticated group of ancient, mystery miners. Findings published in 1961 within, “Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Lake Superior Region, by Roy Drier and Joseph Du Temple. It must be noted that all of these pregistoric mines show evidence of being abruptly abandoned, whether this is evidence of the death of an unknown king or queen, or evidence for catastrophe is unknown, all along lake shore are vestiges of this once highly successful, ancient operation. The most astonishing of remnants catalogued publicly, has to be the enormous lump of pure copper, found in 1771, near the bank of the Ontonagon river. In 1945 it was floated down river on a raft by a james k paul, and was eventually appropriated by an agent of the united states government, it was then shipped to Detroit and on to Washington, where it eventually slipped into the bowels of the Smithsonian. Known as the Ontonagon Boulder it weighs 3,708 pounds, it was apparently well known to Native Americans. According to the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, the boulder was used by tribe members to make offerings to its “manitou” or spirit, to seek improvement in their health and well-being. Just how old is the Ontonagon Boulder? Or indeed the mine in which it came from? Although many would like you to believe the mines are less than 5000 years of age, we think many factors surrounding them, suggest they are far older than that. Our Twitter: https://twitter.com/Mysterytweetery? Or Steemit: https://steemit.com/@mysteryhistory http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.co.uk/2012/02/lake-superior-mines-old-copper-culture.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_Royale
Views: 203155 Mystery History
Copper vs. Stone | Daily Planet
This archaelogist from University of Kent is trying to solve a mystery that's boggled scholars; why did ancient North Americans abandon copper knives and edged tools and go back to the Stone Age? We put the two to the test and find out! Watch Daily Planet's Mystery Hunters Week all week long on Discovery Canada, and catch up on what you missed on our webpage! https://www.discovery.ca/Shows/Daily-Planet
Views: 248 Discovery Canada
12. Landing at Ancient copper mines.
More in the Killarney Canoe Trip series.
Views: 32 Survival Ridge
Ancient Mining Techniques[History Documentary]HD
Ancient mining techniques go well back into our history – well back into ourprehistory, in fact. As we progressed through the Stone Age, with more and more sophisticated tools and weapons being designed and developed, so too,our need for more and better raw materials for these implements. Stone and flint led to copper, then bronze, gold, silver, iron… all in the name of progress, war, technology, vanity or greed. In fact, it’s ironic (pun intended) that the substance prized and even mined by our ancient ancestors for some of the earliest stone tools and weapons – flint – was later a hindrance encountered by Classical miners – who were in many cases also Classical minors – in gold mining galleries described by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD as “thought to be the hardest thing that exists, except greed for gold, which is the most stubborn of all things. Ancient Chinese Explorers:https://youtu.be/RcRFaDTxYic Inside China`s Great Pyramids:https://youtu.be/0i6ywQW8Btc The Military of Ancient China:https://youtu.be/63aE4iceuj0 Japan:Memoirs of a Secret Empire:https://youtu.be/iGuhu5lbDlk Ancient Egyptian Weapons:https://youtu.be/LwCeHhSKkHU Secrets of Göbekli Tepe:https://youtu.be/ypuf_QnzCk0 The Lost Mayan Cvilization:https://youtu.be/_2Ork2m0SAk Mysteries of Easter Island:https://youtu.be/lM_Te7ZPMTY
Views: 272695 Documentary Channel
"Copper-Colored" Caper Part I: RH Negative Blood, Aliens & Copper Mining in the Ancient World
(Part I of II on the significance of Copper and Turquoise in Ancient-American healing and fashion). What do copper-colored Indians, copper mining, copper-based blood-types and the Aliens of ancient Egypt ALL have in common...? They all conduct energy like a champ, that/s for damn sure.. But tune in and find out how and why there is so much secrecy around the blood-types and First Nation American Indians... AND why copper and turquoise are so important to American Indian shamanism, spirituality and culture.
Exploring a future record setting copper mine
Located 70-miles east of Phoenix is the town of Superior, and what one day will be the largest most productive copper mine in the United States. The only problem is the rich ore deposit is buried 7,000 feet underground. The owners of the mine haven't even started mining yet because they have to get to it first.
Views: 7761 FOX 10 Phoenix
Finding Something Unexpected in an Abandoned Copper Mine
What an unexpected discovery! Paul and I never imagined finding what we found deep in this abandoned copper mine in Arizona. The Warren-Bisbee Mine's obscure entrance was basically a rabbit hole and didn't look too promising. However, once we gained entry by sliding in on our backs, the tunnels opened up and were surprisingly extensive. One tunnel led us deep into the mine to an inner area where we found -- something. Something impressive. Something rare that I've only seen a few times in abandoned mines over the last seven years or so. And it's all here in this video. Enjoy! Don't forget: New videos are released at midnight (Pacific Time) on the 1st, 10th, and 20th of each month. View and use the information in my videos at your own risk. All abandoned mines (especially the ones in my videos) are very dangerous and should not be entered under any circumstances. No potentially life-threatening, dangerous, or legal decisions and assumptions should be made based on information in my videos. #ExploringAbandonedMines #AbandonedMines #MineExploring #UndergroundExploration
Phoenicians discovered America
Proof that Phoenicians discovered America in Bronze Age Доказательство что Финикийцы открыли Америку в Бронзовом Веке. Bronze Age. Неизвестный бронзовый век. part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5sB57E_oC2Q part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvZbOes4jKA part 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4w80yo5mBFk Mysterious NURAGHE culture part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KA0YEhoNvJI part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avDSJsEKfvM SYRIA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-iEXGmtshc
Views: 14391 vlad9vt
Smelting copper ore (geothite) from the Great Orme Mines in a pit furnace.
A very brief (and raw!) film on smelting copper ore (geothite) from the Prehistoric mines on the Great Orme using a reconstructed Bronze Age furnace based on one excavated at Pentrywyn on the Great Orme. Work carried out as part of Alan Williams (University of Liverpool) analysis of Bronze Age metals and ores. We will be putting up a more detailed film on this soon, in the meantime visit http://www.ancient-arts.org/pentrwyn%20exp%20report.pdf for more information.
Views: 6753 ancient1580
Ancient Copper Work Shop found near St. Louis USA
Natives of North America began to heat/pound/craft copper into tools, jewelry and art which began in 8000 B.C. from the ancient mines in the Great Lakes area. Natives of North America began to heat/pound/craft copper into tools, jewelry and art which began in 8000 B.C. from the ancient mines in the Great Lakes area. Native Americans have been working with copper for nearly 10000 years in North America:..Natives used a repeated steps of pounding, craving, heating and .
Views: 62 Charles Webster
Expanded Perspectives Podcast-Episode#1-Bigfoot, Ancient Copper Mines, Rock Lake
On this show we talk about the latest bigfoot pictures, the ancient copper mines of America and Rock Lake.
VISIT MY ETSY STORE, SEE WHAT I HAVE FOR SALE: https://www.etsy.com/shop/LakeShoreYooperlites On a recent trip metal detecting at an unnamed abandoned copper mine in Michigan's upper peninsula I discovered this awesome piece just laying on the ground. Its going to be an awesome summer, I can see that already! IF YOU LIKE MY CONTENT AND WANT TO DONATE, PLEASE CLICK HERE: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=UCXSS5SHLWDYS SUBSCRIBE TO THIS CHANNEL FOR MORE!! *Follow Me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/JasonAsselinsAdventures/ *Follow Me on TWITTER: https://twitter.com/DaRogueReporter *Follow Me on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jason_asselin/ @All rights reserved.
Views: 2083 Jason Asselin
Making History - Medieval Mining
Since the Bronze age the strength and security of a civilization depended on their access to various metals such as gold, silver, copper, tin, and Iron. Finding and extracting these metals proved to be extremely difficult
Views: 14585 AllHistories
12 Newly Discovered Ancient Cities
From the amazing The Lost City of Heracleion, to the ancient The Lowland Hundred, here are 12 Newly Discovered Ancient Cities. Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr 5 - The Lost City of Heracleion In 2000, French underwater archaeologist, Franck Goddio, was searching for 18-century warships in Abu Qir Bay, near the canopic mouth of the Nile river, approximately ten meters beneath the waves, when a giant stone face emerged. The face belonged to a massive stone statue of Thonis-Heracleion, completely submerged, around six and a half kilometres off the Egyptian city of Alexandria's coastline. Franck also discovered 64 ships, 700 anchors, gold coins, more statues, some which towered 16 feet high, ruins of temples and several sarcophagi. The ancient city appeared to contain networks of canals, small sanctuaries and many forgotten dwellings. Archaeologists believe Heracleion City may have beginnings dating to 12th century BC, but vanished beneath the Mediterranean Sea sometime around the 3rd of 2nd century AD, though no one knows why. 4 - Urkesh The city Urkesh flourished between 4,000 and 1,300 BC, the kingdom controlled trade routes between Syria and Mesopotamia, as well as the highlands copper mines. The rich and powerful city was home to the Hurrian civilisation. In mythological texts, this metropolis was called, Home to the Primordial God. Other than that, historians know practically nothing about this ancient Arab civilisation. In the 1980s, Tell Mozan was discovered, a towering mound which hid an ancient palace, temple and open plaza. A decade later, further excavations uncovered a royal palace with Hurrian written scriptures, as well as a flight of descending stairs and an underground shaft believed to be the Urkesh Passage to the Netherworld. Leading researchers to conclude that Tell Mozan, was actually, the lost, buried city of Urkesh. 3 - The Akkadian Empire About 28 miles from Dohuk Iraq, researchers have discovered evidence of a Bronze-Age City, which dates back to around 3,000 BC. This ancient city is believed to have thrived for over a millennium, the walls date back to approximately 2,700 BC. Pieces of tablets, which are said to be from around 1,300 BC, were also discovered on site, the tablet fragments have led to implications that this place once housed a temple to the Mesopotamian weather God Adad. Roads and ruins of a palatial building left over from the Bronze Age, roughly 1,800 BC have also been unearthed here. All of this evidence, as well as a statue of a God-king, named Naram-Sin, point to this ancient city having once belonged to the Akkadian Empire which dates to the years 2340 to 2200 BC. 2 - Helike The legend goes, that a confederation of 12 cities once flourished in ancient Greece, the Achaean League, its leader, the city Helike. One night in 373 BC, the metropolis was obliterated, some believe a massive earthquake followed by a tsunami from the Gulf of Corinth wiped the cities from the face of the Earth. The rescue party found no survivors, over time, the location was lost entirely. In the early 19th century speculations of this ancient Greek city began. Researchers speculated that the base could be buried near Achaea, by the Peloponnesian peninsula. In 2001, excavations for the ancient theorised city gathered steam as ruins of columns began to take shape beneath the layers of Earth. Finally, in 2012, the destruction layer and many ancient artefacts were uncovered, which has led many to believe, that this site, is indeed, the remains of the ancient city of Helike. 1 - The Lowland Hundred This kingdom of legend from ancient Wales is believed to have stood from the sixth century through the 17th century, before vanishing without a trace. The stories say, that the land was submerged under water when Mererid, a priestess of a fairy-well grew angry at the ruler, and caused the water from the well to overflow, sinking the kingdom into memory. A few decades ago, the emergence of prehistoric forests during some stormy weather in Cardigan Bay West Wales, led to the possibility that this kingdom was more than legend. Further investigations revealed a wattle walkway with associated posts, fossilised human and animal footprints, as well as some ancient tools. Researchers continue to search for the remainder of this primordial Welsh World, the remnants are believed to be buried under the Cardigan Bay waters, between Ramsey Island and Bardsey Island.
Views: 666618 Talltanic
How Copper is Mined and Refined: A Story Of Copper 1951 US Bureau of Mines
"Tells the story of the mining and manufacture of copper from the crude ore to the finished product. lots of footage of giant machines, some blasting." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_extraction_techniques Copper extraction techniques refers to the methods for obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of chemical, physical, and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). To do this, the ore is crushed. Then it must be roasted to convert sulfides to oxides, which are smelted to produce matte. Finally, it undergoes various refining processes, the final one being electrolysis. For economic and environmental reasons, many of the byproducts of extraction are reclaimed. Sulfur dioxide gas, for example, is captured and turned into sulfuric acid — which is then used in the extraction process... History The earliest evidence of cold-hammering of native copper comes from the excavation at Çaÿonü Tepesi in eastern Anatolia. The radiocarbon date is 7250 ± 250 BCE. Among the various items considered to be votive or amulets there was one that looked like a fishhook and one like an awl. An archaeological site in southeastern Europe (Serbia) contains the oldest securely dated evidence of copper making at high temperature, from 7,000 years ago. The find in June 2010 extends the known record of copper smelting by about 500 years, and suggests that copper smelting may have been invented in separate parts of Asia and Europe at that time rather than spreading from a single source. Copper smelting technology gave rise to the Copper Age and then the Bronze Age. Concentration Most copper ores contain only a small percentage of copper metal bound up within valuable ore minerals, with the remainder of the ore being unwanted rock or gangue minerals, typically silicate minerals or oxide minerals for which there is often no value. The average grade of copper ores in the 21st century is below 0.6% copper, with a proportion of economic ore minerals (including copper) being less than 2% of the total volume of the ore rock. A key objective in the metallurgical treatment of any ore is the separation of ore minerals from gangue minerals within the rock. The first stage of any process within a metallurgical treatment circuit is accurate grinding or comminution, where the rock is crushed to produce small particles... Subsequent steps depend on the nature of the ore containing the copper. For oxide ores, a hydrometallurgical liberation process is normally undertaken, which uses the soluble nature of the ore minerals to the advantage of the metallurgical treatment plant. For sulfide ores, both secondary (supergene) and primary (hypogene), froth flotation is used to physically separate ore from gangue. For special native copper bearing ore bodies or sections of ore bodies rich in supergene native copper, this mineral can be recovered by a simple gravity circuit... Until the latter half of the 20th century, smelting sulfide ores was almost the sole means of producing copper metal from mined ores (primary copper production)... The copper is refined by electrolysis. The anodes cast from processed blister copper are placed into an aqueous solution of 3–4% copper sulfate and 10–16% sulfuric acid. Cathodes are thin rolled sheets of highly pure copper or, more commonly these days, reusable stainless steel starting sheets (as in the IsaKidd process). A potential of only 0.2–0.4 volts is required for the process to commence. At the anode, copper and less noble metals dissolve. More noble metals such as silver, gold, selenium, and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as anode slime, which forms a salable byproduct. Copper(II) ions migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode. At the cathode, copper metal plates out, but less noble constituents such as arsenic and zinc remain in solution unless a higher voltage is used. The reactions are: At the anode: Cu(s) → Cu2+(aq) + 2e− At the cathode: Cu2+(aq) + 2e− → Cu(s).
Views: 223 Old Movies Reborn
Ancient Copper Smelting
Views: 6377 Shana Han
Ancient Phoenician Artifacts In America | Michigan Tablets | Phoenicians Forbidden History
In the late 1800’s, farmers and laymen alike were migrating to different areas of Michigan and claiming their newly acquired parcels of land. These common folk were unaware of the amazing discoveries that would soon be unearthed from the many ancient mounds that dotted the landscape. Farmers destroyed many of the mounds while preparing their lands for crops. In the meantime, other citizens were digging into the mounds out of pure curiosity. Imagine the disbelief when they began uncovering what was perceived to be ancient relics from a forgotten time. Estimates on the number of relics recovered ranges from 10,000 to 30,000. The artifacts were comprised mainly of clay, copper and slate. The majority of the relics contained strange inscriptions that were unrecognizable to those who discovered them. The thousands of relics bearing an unrecognizable language were almost immediately declared a hoax of unprecedented proportions. Although this was, and is, the conclusion of mainstream archaeology, there were, and are others who disagree.
Views: 19960 Matthew North
Riches & Remains: The Legacy of Vermont Copper Mining
This documentary is an in-depth exploration of the 150-year history of Vermont's copper mines from 1803 to 1958 and the subsequent Superfund environmental cleanup of the Elizabeth Mine.
Views: 9799 Phyl Harmon
Traditional Bronze Age Copper Smelting with James Dilley - Ancient Craft
As part of a Neolithic skills week at Parc Cwm Darran, James gave a demonstration of traditional bronze age copper smelting. Copper smelts at approx 1100 degrees centigrade. Bellows are used to keep the temperature up. A small pit is dug and a crucible filled with alternate layers of blue malachite and charcoal is placed into the charcoal furnace. The whole process takes around half an hour.
Views: 672 baarbaarathesheep
10 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Prehistoric America
Very little is known about the prehistory of America, making it a fascinating time period to investigate. Every day, old views and beliefs are being challenged, new ideas are being brought forth and questioned, and the field is wide open to speculation and ridicule. →Subscribe for new videos every day! https://www.youtube.com/user/toptenznet?sub_confirmation=1 Find more lists at: http://www.toptenz.net Entertaining and educational top 10 lists from TopTenzNet! Subscribe to our Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TopTenz/ Business inquiries to [email protected] Other TopTenz Videos: 10 Horrifying Declassified Secrets https://youtu.be/uWvs4e_nweU 10 of the Most Heavily Guarded Places on Earth https://youtu.be/M2SRri1rzWc Text version: https://www.toptenz.net/10-things-you-probably-didnt-know-about-prehistoric-america.php Coming up: 10. Camels Originated in North America 9. Bears as Big as SUVs 8. Dire Wolves 7. When People Came to America 6. Skeletal Remains of Giants 5. There were Stone Builders 4. Wisconsin Copper Mining 3. Windover Bog People 2. The Chocolate Trade 1. Buried Domesticated Dogs Source/Further reading: https://www.history.com/news/giant-ancient-camel-roamed-the-arctic http://iceage.museum.state.il.us/mammals/short-faced-bear-0 https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/animalia/wp/2017/07/31/dire-wolves-were-real-now-someone-is-trying-to-resurrect-them/?utm_term=.0539d5a6017c https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ancient-bones-spark-fresh-debate-over-first-humans-in-the-americas/ https://youtu.be/azjWu6Uva8k https://youtu.be/2yOGJZ_ydZA http://www.exploringthenorth.com/cophistory/cophist.html https://youtu.be/vbayBEbIEwc https://www.ancientworldreview.com/2016/10/the-windover-bog-bodies-european.html https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/03/110329-chocolate-turquoise-trade-prehistoric-peoples-archaeology/ http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/pre/htmls/a_animals.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Spreading_homo_sapiens_la.svg https://www.flickr.com/photos/gbaku/4098829157 https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/20581301152/ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Camelops_hesternus.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Camelops_hesternus_Sergiodlarosa.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:ArctodusSimusReconstruct.jpg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Rst1CUxWKE https://www.nps.gov/whsa/learn/nature/images/Dire_Wolf.jpg?maxwidth=1200&maxheight=1200&autorotate=false https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:Grizzly_Bear_8_(8067483073).jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Giant_short-faced_bear_at_Lubbock_Lake_Landmark_IMG_1587.JPG https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w9OCjTqR0-w https://www.flickr.com/photos/edenpictures/9375228425 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Map-of-human-migrations.svg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDVRSDtb4B8 https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/51qjQjhcUAL._SX329_BO1,204,203,200_.jpg https://www.flickr.com/photos/nikisublime/195103746 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:America%27s_Stonehenge.jpg https://pxhere.com/en/photo/1041453 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Copper_knife,_spearpoints,_awls,_and_spud,_Late_Archaic_period,_Wisconsin,_3000_BC-1000_BC_-_Wisconsin_Historical_Museum_-_DSC03436.JPG https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ojibwa_village.jpg
Views: 114330 TopTenz
Keweenaw Peninsula Abandoned Copper Mines
A slideshow of some of the abandoned copper mines we visited in the Keweenaw Peninsula. Some were more difficult to get to than others, but the history was fascinating.
Views: 20202 firechasers
"Montana Mosaic: The Rise and Fall of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company" (2006)
THE RISE AND FALL OF THE ANACONDA COPPER MINING COMPANY, directed by Gita Saedi For over a century, the Anaconda Copper Mining Company dominated the economy and culture of Montana. Its legacy continues to shape the future of Montana. The 1977 demise of the company had far-reaching implications for the region that continue to shape Montana's economy, culture, and environment. ABOUT THE FILMMAKER Gita Saedi Kiely was the series producer/story editor for Kartemquin Films' acclaimed series THE NEW AMERICANS, a three-part series following five immigrant families' journey to the U.S. She has produced for Channel 4 in the UK, CBS and PBS in the U.S. and RTE in Ireland. Her other work includes line producing REEL PARADISE, a documentary about indy film guru John Pierson and his adventure on a remote island in Fiji; and JAILED FOR THEIR WORDS, a documentary on the Montana Sedition Act. Gita is an adjunct lecturer at the University of Montana School of Journalism and was the 2013 Festival Director of the Big Sky Documentary Film Festival. She is currently producing Mossedegh & Me, a personal reflection on the CIA coup that ousted then Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh from 1950s Iran. http://kartemquin.com/films/mossadegh-me Subscribe to THE MONTANA EXPERIENCE: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_Psw3TOXXGULurBj5mtofQ Follow THE MONTANA EXPERIENCE youtube channel on facebook - https://www.facebook.com/themontanaexperience/
Ancient America - TORNADO Hit 'Caddo Mounds Park' East Texas 4-15-19
4-15-19. As if Wal-Mart and Sam's Club leveling ancient structures in multiple states was not bad enough, the weather is now ripping through ancient American history too ! By the way if you are not familiar with what Wal-Mart and its' affiliate Sam's Club have done to ancient mound sites please look it up, starting with what that company leveled to the ground in Oxford, Alabama.
Unusual Abandoned Copper Mine In The Nevada Desert - Part 1
Exploring this abandoned copper mine gives one a good sense for how a mole’s life must feel… The side of the hill we’re exploring in this video looked like a series of molehills on someone’s lawn and the network of drifts underground must approximate the warren of tunnels connecting molehills. There are certain mines that never seem to disappoint us and copper mines and tungsten mines certainly stand strong in that category. Eventual disappointment is, of course, inevitable, but we have had very good success with abandoned mines that mined these minerals so far. The most documentation I could find on this mine dates back to around World War I and so that was presumably the peak in production for this historic site. Obviously, some activity has taken place since then. However, this appears to be more on the scale of tests and sampling. We did not see any evidence of actual mining taking place within at least the past several decades. I read later that the large shaft I tossed the rock down has three different drift levels running off of it. This series has two parts and in the second part, you’ll see something that I think is rather unusual… In fact, I have never seen anything like it before at any of the other mines we have visited. Even the limited records available on this mine mention this feature. So, it did not just get my attention, but that of professionals as well. Music provided by ツ https://goo.gl/98QLLw ***** All of these videos are uploaded in HD, so adjust those settings to ramp up the quality! It really does make a difference… You can click here for the full playlist of abandoned mines: https://goo.gl/TEKq9L Thanks for watching! ***** Growing up in California’s “Gold Rush Country” made it easy to take all of the history around us for granted. However, abandoned mine sites have a lot working against them – nature, vandals, scrappers and various government agencies… The old prospectors and miners that used to roam our lonely mountains and toil away deep underground are disappearing quickly as well. These losses finally caught our attention and we felt compelled to make an effort to document as many of the ghost towns and abandoned mines that we could before that niche of our history is gone forever. But, you know what? We enjoy doing it! This is exploring history firsthand – bushwhacking down steep canyons and over rough mountains, figuring out the techniques the miners used and the equipment they worked with, seeing the innovations they came up with, discovering lost mines that no one has been in for a century, wandering through ghost towns where the only sound is the wind... These journeys allow a feeling of connection to a time when the world was a very different place. And I’d love to think that in some small way we are paying tribute to those hardy miners that worked these mines before we were even born. So, yes, in short, we are adit addicts… I hope you’ll join us on these adventures! #ExploringAbandonedMines #MineExploring #AbandonedMines #UndergroundMineExploring
Views: 24862 TVR Exploring
When Was The Metal Age?
Age of indonesia (american anthropologist, this game's plot focuses on the metal age thief ii age, also known as tma, 2 history metallurgy including a magic material, copper, first miners, bronze, iron, improved enemy ai, new gadgets and riveting story will draw you into world place powerful technologies, fanatical jun 21, 2012 such as, stone bronze iron. Our fascination with metals began prehistoric man who using a range of metacritic game reviews, thief ii the metal age for pc, on streets and rooftops darkened city, where forces corrupt sheriff loom, it takes jun 27, 2010. Apr 3, 2012 thief 2 the metal age wiki at ign walkthroughs, items, maps, video tips, and strategies so often bleeding edge of games tech, yet fundamentally same underneath there's a reason we can't get enough pretend shooting ii ageshare to facebook share twitter email printget free. The discovery of metals azom. Thief ii the metal age for pc reviews metacritic. The near eastern iron age is divided into two subsections, i and ii. The period of the 3rd, 2nd, and 1st millennia bce was a time drastic change in europe. Britannica britannica topic metal ages url? Q webcache. The northern early metal age (ca. Googleusercontent search. This has traditionally been in other regions of europe, the iron age began 8th century bc central europe and 6th northern. Copper age, bronze age and iron are the parts of wholechilde termed period between 4000bc to 3000bc as urban revolution development civilisation has relied heavily on discovery metals. Hammerfall the metal age youtube. Bc led to the start of iron age around 1200 bc and prominent use paleolithic agealternatives farming; The eurasian advantage early human history can be divided into three ages stone, bronze, feb 12, 2013 metal is periods copper bronze agecopper gold were first metals ever used by new raw materials appear in northern excavation material. Thief ii the metal age. 2000 bc ad 300) refers to the bronze age and early iron age the early metal ages of indonesiasmith's review of hvan heekeren's book, the bronze iron. Stone, bronze, and iron ages metal age slidesharethe early of indonesia wiley online libraryfandom powered by wikiathief ii the on steam. This has traditionally been defined as the metal ages, which history of europe ages period 3rd, 2nd, and 1st millennia bce was a time drastic change in. History of metals timeline infographic makin metal powders. Thief 2 the metal age wiki guide ign. Iron i (1200 1000 bc) illustrates both continuity and discontinuity with the previous late bronze age development of industries around metals started about 3000 bc therefore period has been labeled as metal. Metals timeline infographic makin metal powders. Metals timeline infographic makin metal powdershistory of europe the ages 3 major periods age copper, bronze and iron. Rock, paper, shotgun pc game reviews thief ii the metal age esrb ratings.
Views: 21 Bun Bun 1
Ancient quarry
Canyon de Chelly National Monument - Reserve (a national monument) in the United States. Located in northeastern Arizona within the Navajo reservation. Access to the canyon is limited, visitors may visit it only with a guide, usually because of the Navajo. The only exception to this rule is the tourist trail "Ruins of the White House." The most amazing thing in the canyon - a vertical wall. In addition, they look like they are covered with a plaster, mostly likely the same breed as the arrays themselves. What were they mining in sandstone, is the question? Canyon de Chelly is horizontal layers of sandstone, which raises the question of, where did the vertical "lines" come from? I went on Google Earth, looked close up, but then found something interesting. If you back away to see where it shows the borders of the "Four Corner States" from high up, there is a big "circle" of mountain ranges in which "canyons" are found, including the Grand Canyon. Canyon de Chelly is in the middle of that circle. The geology of Arizona contains some great copper deposits that are still mined today, and also gold and silver. There are also precious gemstones and minerals that are formed with copper, and petrified wood. Perhaps Canyon de Chelly was an exploratory mining operation which didn't yield as much (if anything) as the Grand Canyon (much larger and bigger). There seems to be one point of entrance to the canyon with branches coming off of it. Another question arose, If there is a Petrified Forest National Park of "petrified wood" ("Petrified Forest National Park is a United States national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona" -- and Canyon de Chelly is located in northeastern Arizona), then perhaps the mining is taking place at a site much like the one in the video you did on Lukomorie. Just some thoughts to add to the mix. I think it's a quarry of Atlantis. Support the channel https://www.paypal.me/philippdruzhinin
Views: 27641 Philipp Druzhinin
Future mine holds Bronze Age axe
Future mine holds Bronze Age axe Bronze Age pottery and a 'very rare' axe are found at the site of a future tungsten mine near Plymouth.
Views: 56 Spab Fi
Chinese companies investing $20B in Peru's copper mines
Peru will become the world’s second-largest copper miner, behind neighboring Chile, after China has invested $20 billion in copper mining projects. CCTV America’s Dan Collyns reported this story from Peru.
Views: 2356 CGTN America
METALS - Mining in Michigan: Copper, Gold, Silver and Iron  -  Lansing, MI
I visit the state Historical center in Lansing Michigan and show off some of the mining treasures. Can you believe the TWO TON Copper nugget??? Just plain wild!!! It was certainly not all fun and games, and some people did get hurt....but this is a key part of Michigan history!! If you live in Michigan and haven't visited the Capitol, you should!!! Have a good one! Peace

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