Search results “Bronze age copper mining in america”
Missing Michigan Copper: Ancient copper mines in U.P. Updated version
Had to make a few amendments A reading from ancient America Donald J. McMahon Symbologist/Researcher on the missing copper from Michigan. was there an ancient prehistoric PreDeluvian worldwide culture existing? People like Columbus were useful fools used as pawns, I never understood how it is Columbus gets the title of the one who discovered America when he didn't even land there, he landed way south It's not like he discovered Virginia or New York. He didn't even land in the US. Mainstream historians, archeology, geology All of the-ology's are in line with the church still. when you put them together it spells theology! Music from Doug Maxwell/Media right productions.video source material from http://ancientamerica.com/missing-pre... and Science frontiers - http://www.science-frontiers.com/cat-... Also music from Les Hayden" Not Really" I can no longer find it NOTE: When I mention the singling out the first "White man" to see Michigan copper, What it should have maybe been was the first Spaniard to see Michigan copper.Would he then represent all Spaniards? I would think not Or European man one can not clump people according to what shade of brown they are.Have you ever seen the experiment a teacher did with her students where each day she would designate a certain eye color that was to be ostracized for the day and right away the kids saw the schism of it all, for example, today all kids except those with blue eyes get to enjoy ice cream while blue-eyed kids must watch the others eat it something like that, I heard a wise person once say if you hate something you will come back in the next life as that what you hated, and I think that is a very good approach to take whether true or not . Just my thoughts on that, to be that way but it just continues Mike Wallace asked The actor Morgan Freeman how should we deal with it and he replied " Just stop talking about" I liked that answer. Indeed
Views: 17474 Greg Jay
Don Spohn - Ancient Copper Mining
2016 - Copper Country Ancient Sites Conservancy Conference.
Views: 4218 Todd Rongstad
"Prehistoric Alien Mines" Found On Lake Superior?
Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/MysteryHistory Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MysteryHistoryBook/ Lake Superior, the largest of the north American Great Lakes, it is also the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Believe to have first been inhabited 10,000 years ago after the retreat of the last Ice Age However, there exists copper mines upon many of the lakes islands, which many researchers have concluded to be prehistoric. A sophisticated array of tunnels litter the islands, or more specifically all of north America. Scarred by ancient mine pits as deep as 150 feet. Carbon-14 testing of wood remains found in sockets of copper artefacts indicated that they are at least 5700 years old. Although many have suggested that artefacts and evidence at some sites, has suggested a date far older than what has been put forward. For example, some investigators believe that the mines were not even built by humans, but are the remains of a sophisticated mining operation that was once undertaken by alien visitors many thousands of years ago. Similar in scale to the ancient Carolina Mica mines, Mica being a material which we use in electrical components. The ancient copper mines on Superiors isle royale for example, although predictable disputed, produced over 750,000 tons of copper for a sophisticated group of ancient, mystery miners. Findings published in 1961 within, “Prehistoric Copper Mining in the Lake Superior Region, by Roy Drier and Joseph Du Temple. It must be noted that all of these pregistoric mines show evidence of being abruptly abandoned, whether this is evidence of the death of an unknown king or queen, or evidence for catastrophe is unknown, all along lake shore are vestiges of this once highly successful, ancient operation. The most astonishing of remnants catalogued publicly, has to be the enormous lump of pure copper, found in 1771, near the bank of the Ontonagon river. In 1945 it was floated down river on a raft by a james k paul, and was eventually appropriated by an agent of the united states government, it was then shipped to Detroit and on to Washington, where it eventually slipped into the bowels of the Smithsonian. Known as the Ontonagon Boulder it weighs 3,708 pounds, it was apparently well known to Native Americans. According to the Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, the boulder was used by tribe members to make offerings to its “manitou” or spirit, to seek improvement in their health and well-being. Just how old is the Ontonagon Boulder? Or indeed the mine in which it came from? Although many would like you to believe the mines are less than 5000 years of age, we think many factors surrounding them, suggest they are far older than that. Our Twitter: https://twitter.com/Mysterytweetery? Or Steemit: https://steemit.com/@mysteryhistory http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.co.uk/2012/02/lake-superior-mines-old-copper-culture.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_Royale
Views: 197917 Mystery History
Ancient Native American Metallurgy of the Americas
Natives of North America began to heat/pound/craft copper into tools, jewelry and art which began in 8,000 B.C. from the ancient mines in the Great Lakes area. 1,000 BC - 600 AD Natives of S. America developed methods of smelting using ovens with temperatures of 700-1800 C to created alloys such as arsenic bronze, tumbaga, guanín, caracoli and more. Some Artifacts found north of Mesoamerica display evidence of smelting and alloys, some of these copper artifacts have air bubbles which indicates casting and smelting (Although little study exist of the Northern Tribes and Nations), arsenic bronze, silver, alloys and gold pieces have been found north of Mesoamerica, Natives of the Mississippian culture adopted the alloy and bronze age from Mesoamerica in 600 A.D. Natives of the Americas used zinc, nickel, iron, silver, copper, mica, gold, platinum metals among others.. 500 AD Natives of Ecuador discovered a method to work platinum (a metal difficult to melt) into objects, they invented a process known as "Sintering" - mixing granules of silver with platinum to lower the melting point of platinum, which is 1770C. The Inca used platinum to create jewelry and as an ingredient in alloys used to hardened tools and ornaments The Spanish learned how to melt platinum from the Inca. Platinum is now used has a protective coating in machinery. American Indian metallurgists also invented electroplating, a chemical process they used to gild copper and alloys that they made from silver, copper and gold.  The Moche, who lived on the coast of northern Peru, invented this process between 200 B.C. and A.D. 600. http://www.mpm.edu/collections/artifacts/anthropology/oldcopper/artifacts/ http://torrivent.blogspot.com/2009/11/native-metallurgy.html
Views: 20826 Thomas Oklahoma
EVIDENCE! Solomon's Mines are here! It's Atlantean=Viking trade in America! Ruled Egypt!
We explore the ports of King Solomon's Mines in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan! I have always wanted to recreate Rider Haggard's story! This is I suppose one way of doing it! We visit the BIGGEST copper and gold mines of Ancient Times. Where else for Solomon's mines but here. Examine the facts... "In those days the Atlantic was navigable". The question is 'why'. For trade! Trading what? Copper ingots! (Orichalcum) which was controlled by none other than "Atlantis" = sunken UK/Doggerland! Apparently the mines were mined especially around 3000 BC. This was after the time of the sinking of most of UK/Doggerland, but not all of it. This is the bulk of the Ancient Irish = Viracocha trade with America! This ties into line with the Atlantean story of Atlanteans, ie Vikings trying to conquer everybody. After seeing this video, it's hard to dispute that the Vikings = Atlanteans may have controlled Egypt at one time as well! The similarities of Tut's Mask with Sutton Hoo mask raise another question: what's up with that!? Did Vikings actually conquer Egypt and is this why Tut has British DNA? The sheer, incredible amount of copper in the Keweenaw peninsula helped to turn the USA into a superpower. Did it do the same for 'Solomon?' All videos: http://www.whatisgiza.com/ Website: http://www.charleskos.com/ Old School Website htttp://charles.kos.id.au I now have a second channel. Self-help tips for success! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCZBlwLbe40Ohjc9FH12LkLA Subbing would be much appreciated!
Views: 12472 Charles Kos
ancient copper industry in MI video
Michigan's Upper Peninsula has been known as "Copper Country" for years. But mining copper in the region dates back before the birth of Jesus Christ. An ancient people created a copper industry in which Lake Superior area copper is now found all across North and South America. Luke Clyburn of the Noble Odyssey Foundation talks about this ancient industry.
Views: 15053 Don G
Pre Columbian Copper in North America
Pre Columbian Copper in North America
Views: 1790 vlad9vt
Making History - Malachite & Copper
Early humans quickly find valuable uses for the first metals. The discovery of copper marks the end of the stone age and entry into more prolific times.
Views: 176574 AllHistories
Prehistoric copper smelting in a pit!
How to turn copper ore into copper using Bronze Age techniques. For more information on our reconstruction of the earliest known copper smelting site in the UK (Pentrwyn, Great Orme) please visit: http://www.ancient-arts.org/pentrwyn%20exp%20report.pdf
Views: 428564 ancient1580
Copper Through The Ages - The History Of Copper - History TV
Copper Through The Ages - The History Of Copper - History TV Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number 29. It is a soft, malleable and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity. A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a reddish-orange color. It is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as Sterling silver used in jewelry, cupronickel used to make marine hardware and coins and constantan used in strain gauges and thermocouples for temperature measurement. Copper is found as a pure metal in nature, and this was the first source of the metal to be used by humans, ca. 8,000 BC. It was the first metal to be smelted from its ore, ca. 5,000 BC, the first metal to be cast into a shape in a mold, ca. 4,000 BC and the first metal to be purposefully alloyed with another metal, tin, to create bronze, ca. 3,500 BC.[3] In the Roman era, copper was principally mined on Cyprus, the origin of the name of the metal, from aes сyprium (metal of Cyprus), later corrupted to сuprum, from which the words copper (English), cuivre (French), Koper (Dutch) and Kupfer (German) are all derived.[4] The commonly encountered compounds are copper(II) salts, which often impart blue or green colors to such minerals as azurite, malachite, and turquoise, and have been used widely and historically as pigments. Architectural structures built with copper (usually roofing elements) corrode to give green verdigris (or patina). Decorative art prominently features copper, both in the elemental metal and in compounds as pigments. Copper compounds are also used as bacteriostatic agents, fungicides, and wood preservatives. Copper is essential to all living organisms as a trace dietary mineral because it is a key constituent of the respiratory enzyme complex cytochrome c oxidase. In molluscs and crustacea copper is a constituent of the blood pigment hemocyanin, replaced by the iron-complexed hemoglobin in fish and other vertebrates. In humans, copper is found mainly in the liver, muscle, and bone.[5] The adult body contains between 1.4 and 2.1 mg of copper per kilogram of body weight. Hence a healthy human weighing 60 kilogram contains approximately 0.1g of copper. However, this small amount is essential to the overall human well-being. Read More: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper Subscribe For More Documentary Films: http://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsc7tosS2c0T-4_y94j23vw?sub_confirmation=1
Views: 7767 History TV
Unexpected Faces in Ancient America - Alexander von Wuthenau
Over 100 depictions of 'black' (i.e. dark/copper-colored aboriginal) people in the Americas before Columbus. Best viewed in 720p full-screen. Collection of archaeological artifacts demonstrating that black people were in the Americas prior to European contact, most curated by German-Mexican historian Alexander von Wuthenau and published in his book 'Unexpected Faces in Ancient America,' along with significant historical and textual evidence. These were gathered mostly by one person and represent only a small portion of such artifacts. Most of the pieces are from Central America and Mexico because to this day little archeology has been undertaken in the Eastern US and the Caribbean, (the other areas where sedentary, agriculturalist black groups were prevalent at the time of European contact), since the false mainstream history holds that only non-black hunter gatherer tribes (who would not have left a significant archaeological footprint) lived in these areas. The reason depictions of blacks tend to be relatively old in Mesoamerica is because mongoloid, Siberian-origin tribes, first confined to the Great Plains and Arctic regions, spread into northern Mexico and Central America, the Amazon, and the Andes in a single 'alley' or swath from around 0AD to 1200AD, displacing and intermixing with some black groups there, while Eastern North America, Northeast South America, and the Caribbean, the areas contacted and colonized by Europeans for the first 300 years post-contact, were mostly spared from this phenomenon. For example, most of the Mississippian mounds (from a black civilization that occupied most the Southeast and Midwest US up until the time of Columbus, and for several hundred years after that point in many areas) were bulldozed or excavated by property developers, or in many cases simply built on, with no consideration for archaeological value. The false historical consensus on these regions (i.e. that sedentary tribes did not live there, and that the nomadic tribes that did left behind few traces of their existence, and no concentrated traces that would warrant a dig) has resulted in little or no archaeological excavations having been done, and where they were done, pieces have been removed from public view: disfigured or destroyed, monopolized by wealthy collectors, held by museums but not displayed, etc. All content herein shared under Fair Use for educational purposes.
Views: 1256 psmith85 channel
Journey to the Copper Age
In this May 12, 2013 Sunday at the Met program, discover how the introduction of metal production over 6,000 years ago created a "metallurgy revolution" that sparked social change in the southern Levant. Examine elaborate and prestigious metal objects created in this region, including crowns, scepters, and mace heads. Learn more about the first Israeli-Jordanian-American-German international experimental archaeology expedition, led by the speaker, to locate the Copper Age trade route used by the earliest metalworkers in the Holy Land. Thomas Evan Levy is the Distinguished Professor and Norma Kershaw Chair in the Archaeolgy of Ancient Israel and Neighboring Lands at the University of California, San Diego. This Sunday at the Met is made possible by the Helen Diller Family.
Views: 25220 The Met
Stone Fossil Of  Human Found In Mine
Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/MysteryHistory Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MysteryHistoryBook/ During such events as a pyroclastic flow, complete human forms can often be preserved fixed in a position, turned to ash in an instant. Someone turning into a stone fossil with age however, was thought to be an impossible scenario… That was until 1898, when an extremely controversial discovery was made, deep within a copper mine. Although several reports have surfaced over the years of this most peculiar of discoveries, only one has ever managed to stay around long enough to be officially documented. Deep within an old copper mine in Chuquicamata, an ancient stone woman, complete with basket and tools, was discovered. And although a date of only 400 years was preliminary given, it is clear to the many involved that she is far older than that… The discovery was examined closely by José Toribio Medina, a central figure in Chilean archaeology at the time, he described his findings as follows: The body is that of a female. The depth of the soil where the corpse was found was no more than six to eight feet, and the miner was probably searching the mountain when a sudden collapse buried her. The miner, feeling that the mountain was breaking down, lifted her arms up to protect her head, the position in which her body is preserved… In some parts of the body, especially the arms, the difference between the injured and the intact parts of the skin can even be distinguished, to the point where it seems almost that blood is flowing from the wounds. In her face, hidden between her arms, her contracted mouth is visible… end quote. This discovery, although the only one of its kind, is highly controversial, and we suspect that this may be because certain individuals, are aware of its true antiquity. Beside the body were the remains of a basket, a stone sledge hammer, several stone shovels, sharpened pieces of wood and a torn bag made of animal hide, all leading to the conclusion that this mummy dates from a very distant time within our history. After more recent, yet not widely distributed analysis was conducted, it was discovered that it was actually a man, strangely, he also has an unusually shaped skull. And a green hue from sulphate and chlorate within the copper, it is thought this may have been one of the contributing factors in his marvellous preservation. The copper man of Chuquicamata is extremely difficult to research, and although he is clearly of considerable historical importance, his whereabouts may continue to remain vague. Regardless of his known whereabouts, his existence will forever lend credence to a forbidden history, here on our planet. http://i.imgur.com/F5sh17w.jpg http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-73562013000100003
Views: 338954 Mystery History
14 ANCIENT American Discoveries
From the famous Chichen Itza, to new discoveries at the historical Alamo, these are 14 ANCIENT American Discoveries ! 8. El Tajin ( tahin) El Tajin is another site that can be found in Mexico. Not to be confused with the seasoning, it is one of the largest and most significant sites for the Classic Mesoamerican civilization. The strange part of this ruin is the abundance of unique architecture that can be found nowhere else in the entire Mesoamerican world. The site attracts 650,000 visitors a year and it also is the site of an annual cultural festival called the Cumbre Tajin Festival. Interestingly, the site actually has over 20 different ball courts. The site has been a protected World Heritage site since 1992. 7. Uxmal [oos-mahl] Uxmal is another ancient Mayan city that resides in the list of most important Mayan cities along with Palenque and Chichen. The structures located at this site are often cited as the most important architectural example of that region and time. The most prominent feature of the location is the main pyramid called the pyramid of the magician. The location has been heavily restored to promote tourism as well. 6. The Alamo The battle of the alamo was a deeply important event in Texas history and the site of the battle has become a monument to that battle. Given its importance to the American west and the formation of the Texas state, this not so ancient site has still become the subject of an archaeological excavation that is turning up some surprising finds. The excavations are taking place because of an effort to create a new plan for the historical site. 5. Xochicalco (hoochi kal ko) Xochicalco is a unique city because it was formed by Mayans but because of it’s short distance from the Aztec capital there are heavy influences from both civilizations. In its heyday, this city would have been a melting pot of culture. As much as an ancient city could have been. The city was also a major trade destination due to its location. The city even has ancient tunnels beneath the city so that travel from one building to the next would have been made easier. The influence of the Aztec and Mayan cultures can be felt not only in the architecture but in the artwork throughout the ruin as well. The ruin houses three ball courts, several different pyramids, and sweat baths. There is also a wealth of art to be studied at the location with each piece of art having a noticeable blend of Mayan and Aztec influences. 4. Coba ( ko ba) The Coba archaeological site is huge. That is not an exaggeration. The entire site area is 80 km or 50 miles. The site contains two lagoons and there are still 20,000 structures that remain unexcavated. The site sees little tourism because of its location. The location was estimated to have only 50,000 occupants at its peak. The first modern road to the site was opened in 1970 and it has made it somewhat easier to excavate. There are temples along with several different residential houses. 3. Abo Ruins (ah bo) Abo is small pueblo ruin in New Mexico that sees steady tourism. The ruins date back to the 14th century and it was a major trade location at its peak. The ruins remain mostly unexcavated but, the site is protected as a National Historic landmark. It was added to the list in 1962. Abo is also the name used for a formation of red sandstone beds that are located near the ruins. There are tours that can be taken of the site and a guided hike through what was once the city. 2. Chaco Culture National Historical Park (cha ko ) The Chaco culture national park that has the densest concentration of pueblos in the American Southwest. The park can be found in New Mexico. This location has the most sweeping ruins north of Mexico. The site was a source of culture for the Ancient Pueblo people. This location features 15 major buildings that were the largest constructs in the US until the 19th century. There is also evidence of archaeoastronomy in the area with a sun dagger that was used to measure the solstices and equinoxes. In addition, many of the building were built to measure the sun and moon's cycles. The abandoning of the location was believed to be caused by climate change and a 50-year drought that began in 1130. The site isn’t open to the public anymore because of the fear of degradation of the site. 1.Chichén Itzá [chee-chen eet-sah, eet-suh] Chichén Itzá didn’t get its spot on the eight wonders of the world list for nothing. It’s one of the largest seats of the Mayan empire, located in Mexico. It’s the most popular archaeological site in Mexico with more than 1.4 million visitors annually. Although the ruin lies in Northern Mexico, archaeologists have found architecture similar to the kind that can be found in central Mexico around that time which leads to the theory that the Mayan people traveled throughout Mexico. Subscribe to Hindered Thoughts http://goo.gl/d3U3RP
Views: 80833 Hindered Thoughts
10 Biggest Ancient Mysteries In Copper
Daily upload, subscribe for more► https://goo.gl/PoeQCx --- 10 Biggest Ancient Mysteries In Copper Facebook: https://goo.gl/QEjBxt Thank you to myuuji for the background music!
Views: 6267 List OMG
Ancient Copper Work Shop found near St. Louis USA
Native Americans have been working with copper for nearly 10,000 years in North America:..Natives used a repeated steps of pounding, craving, heating and crafting to create jewelry, tools and weapons. There are mining sites that are old as 10,000 years old in the Great Lakes area and Canada...The ancient copper work shop at Cahokia was used between 800 A.D. to 1400 A.D...Natives did also have basic skills in smelting. Artifacts of silver, gold, alloys and arsenic bronze have been found in or near the ancient mounds of the Eastern United States the former home of the Mississippian Culture...Iron artifacts have been found in Canada and the Northeastern United States that were created by Native Americans. http://www.mpm.edu/collections/artifacts/anthropology/oldcopper/artifacts/ http://torrivent.blogspot.com/2009/11/native-metallurgy.html
Views: 24055 Thomas Oklahoma
Out of Place Artifacts, The Michigan Tablets
Alex Koritz shares out of place artifacts with the AHRF, the controversial history of the thousands of ancient writings on tablets that his family once owned. These anceint tablets were found in North America by the tens of thousands, over a period that covered hundreds of years. Main stream academia not wanting to admit that there was inter continental travel between the old and new world before columbus declared them a fraud. Because of the old world languages contained on them and because of some of the biblical scenes some of them contained they were immediately dismissed. New evidences have been found to support the validity of these tablets. Glen Beck did an entire show on these artifacts in support of there authenticity. Alex shares his families insight on them and how you can view them for your self in person to see this amazing collection that is not known about. The AHRF thanks Alex for taking the time to share this information with us. https://www.amazon.com/shop/terrycarter?ref=ac_inf_hm_vp Send letters and info to: Terry Carter 51 W. center #304 Orem, Utah 84057 [email protected] https://www.amazon.com/shop/terrycarter?ref=ac_inf_hm_vp Visit our web pages and forum http://www.ancientlosttreasures.com http://www.ancienthistoricalresearchfoundation.com http://www.mysteryglyphs.com Also look us up on face book at: https://www.facebook.com/groups/723774731015622/
Views: 339585 Terry Carter
How Copper is Mined and Refined: "A Story Of Copper" 1951 US Bureau of Mines
Support this channel: https://www.patreon.com/jeffquitney more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Tells the story of the mining and manufacture of copper from the crude ore to the finished product. lots of footage of giant machines, some blasting." Originally a public domain film, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copper_extraction_techniques Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Copper extraction techniques refers to the methods for obtaining copper from its ores. The conversion of copper consists of a series of chemical, physical, and electrochemical processes. Methods have evolved and vary with country depending on the ore source, local environmental regulations, and other factors. As in all mining operations, the ore must usually be beneficiated (concentrated). To do this, the ore is crushed. Then it must be roasted to convert sulfides to oxides, which are smelted to produce matte. Finally, it undergoes various refining processes, the final one being electrolysis. For economic and environmental reasons, many of the byproducts of extraction are reclaimed. Sulfur dioxide gas, for example, is captured and turned into sulfuric acid — which is then used in the extraction process... History The earliest evidence of cold-hammering of native copper comes from the excavation at Çaÿonü Tepesi in eastern Anatolia. The radiocarbon date is 7250 ± 250 BCE. Among the various items considered to be votive or amulets there was one that looked like a fishhook and one like an awl. An archaeological site in southeastern Europe (Serbia) contains the oldest securely dated evidence of copper making at high temperature, from 7,000 years ago. The find in June 2010 extends the known record of copper smelting by about 500 years, and suggests that copper smelting may have been invented in separate parts of Asia and Europe at that time rather than spreading from a single source. Copper smelting technology gave rise to the Copper Age and then the Bronze Age. Concentration Most copper ores contain only a small percentage of copper metal bound up within valuable ore minerals, with the remainder of the ore being unwanted rock or gangue minerals, typically silicate minerals or oxide minerals for which there is often no value. The average grade of copper ores in the 21st century is below 0.6% copper, with a proportion of economic ore minerals (including copper) being less than 2% of the total volume of the ore rock. A key objective in the metallurgical treatment of any ore is the separation of ore minerals from gangue minerals within the rock. The first stage of any process within a metallurgical treatment circuit is accurate grinding or comminution, where the rock is crushed to produce small particles... Subsequent steps depend on the nature of the ore containing the copper. For oxide ores, a hydrometallurgical liberation process is normally undertaken, which uses the soluble nature of the ore minerals to the advantage of the metallurgical treatment plant. For sulfide ores, both secondary (supergene) and primary (hypogene), froth flotation is used to physically separate ore from gangue. For special native copper bearing ore bodies or sections of ore bodies rich in supergene native copper, this mineral can be recovered by a simple gravity circuit... Until the latter half of the 20th century, smelting sulfide ores was almost the sole means of producing copper metal from mined ores (primary copper production)... The copper is refined by electrolysis. The anodes cast from processed blister copper are placed into an aqueous solution of 3–4% copper sulfate and 10–16% sulfuric acid. Cathodes are thin rolled sheets of highly pure copper or, more commonly these days, reusable stainless steel starting sheets (as in the IsaKidd process). A potential of only 0.2–0.4 volts is required for the process to commence. At the anode, copper and less noble metals dissolve. More noble metals such as silver, gold, selenium, and tellurium settle to the bottom of the cell as anode slime, which forms a salable byproduct. Copper(II) ions migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode. At the cathode, copper metal plates out, but less noble constituents such as arsenic and zinc remain in solution unless a higher voltage is used. The reactions are: At the anode: Cu(s) → Cu2+(aq) + 2e− At the cathode: Cu2+(aq) + 2e− → Cu(s)...
Views: 67658 Jeff Quitney
Riches & Remains: The Legacy of Vermont Copper Mining
This documentary is an in-depth exploration of the 150-year history of Vermont's copper mines from 1803 to 1958 and the subsequent Superfund environmental cleanup of the Elizabeth Mine.
Views: 8381 Phyl Harmon
Ancient mining evidence
Support the channel https://www.paypal.me/philippdruzhinin Ancient mining evidence this video describes the block caving mining procedures of Ancient atlanteans. We can be witness of different crazy ocasions that proove the possibility of underground block caving mining of ancients and even in modern time.
Views: 7545 Philipp Druzhinin
Finding Something Unexpected in an Abandoned Copper Mine
What an unexpected discovery! Paul and I never imagined finding what we found deep in this abandoned copper mine in Arizona. The Warren-Bisbee Mine's obscure entrance was basically a rabbit hole and didn't look too promising. However, once we gained entry by sliding in on our backs, the tunnels opened up and were surprisingly extensive. One tunnel led us deep into the mine to an inner area where we found -- something. Something impressive. Something rare that I've only seen a few times in abandoned mines over the last seven years or so. And it's all here in this video. Enjoy! Don't forget: New videos are released at midnight (Pacific Time) on the 1st, 10th, and 20th of each month. View and use the information in my videos at your own risk. All abandoned mines (especially the ones in my videos) are very dangerous and should not be entered under any circumstances. No potentially life-threatening, dangerous, or legal decisions and assumptions should be made based on information in my videos.
Michigan Copper Mining: The Black Powder Era
America's Industrial Revolution was founded on copper mined from Michigan's Upper Peninsula. James Cassell, Collector of History, gives a fascinating look at the "Michigan Minecraft" tools and techniques used at the start of the rush that defined our state's history! More from Jim can be found here -- https://youtu.be/EkEHd9AW4Qo
Views: 28235 RochesterHillsTV
Ancient Mining Techniques[History Documentary]HD
Ancient mining techniques go well back into our history – well back into ourprehistory, in fact. As we progressed through the Stone Age, with more and more sophisticated tools and weapons being designed and developed, so too,our need for more and better raw materials for these implements. Stone and flint led to copper, then bronze, gold, silver, iron… all in the name of progress, war, technology, vanity or greed. In fact, it’s ironic (pun intended) that the substance prized and even mined by our ancient ancestors for some of the earliest stone tools and weapons – flint – was later a hindrance encountered by Classical miners – who were in many cases also Classical minors – in gold mining galleries described by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD as “thought to be the hardest thing that exists, except greed for gold, which is the most stubborn of all things. Ancient Chinese Explorers:https://youtu.be/RcRFaDTxYic Inside China`s Great Pyramids:https://youtu.be/0i6ywQW8Btc The Military of Ancient China:https://youtu.be/63aE4iceuj0 Japan:Memoirs of a Secret Empire:https://youtu.be/iGuhu5lbDlk Ancient Egyptian Weapons:https://youtu.be/LwCeHhSKkHU Secrets of Göbekli Tepe:https://youtu.be/ypuf_QnzCk0 The Lost Mayan Cvilization:https://youtu.be/_2Ork2m0SAk Mysteries of Easter Island:https://youtu.be/lM_Te7ZPMTY
Views: 268125 Documentary Channel
Ancient Rock Art and Megalithic Navigation in the Ancient World [FULL VIDEO]
Reinoud de Jonge (a Dutch chemist) and Jay Wakefield (an American biologist) have specialized in the study of megali­thic culture. They present their analysis of many archaeo­logical sites, showing many petroglyphs are geographic maps. They show how monuments provide numerical data revea­ling megalithic religi­on and ancient sailing discove­ries in the Atlantic. For example, numeric picture writing at Loughcrew, Ireland, deciphered by the authors, reveals that these people gave up their efforts to cross the Ocean west of Green­land in 3200 BC. However, decip­herment of the petro­glyphs at Dissignac, France, shows that they next explored the earth to the east, where they discove­red Australia and Alaska. Subsequently, they found routes across the Atlantic, and built Stonehenge, the monu­ment for the discovery of America. These decipher­ments shed light on a number of mysteries in American prehisto­ry, such as the origin of the Olmec civilization, the Michigan copper mines, and the stone chambers of New England. The talk provides solid evidence, reasonable explana­tions, and comprehensive dating for megalithic petroglyphs and monu­ments. It will fascinate anyone interested in old religi­ons, little-known petroglyphs, ancient seafaring, voyages of disco­very, and the prehistory of Europe and America. Sites in Europe include Kercado, Gavrinis, Dissignac, Paredes, Chao Redondo, Loughcrew, Stonehenge, and many more. http://www.howthesungod.com Filmed at the Megalithomania Conference, Glastonbury, 17th - 18th May 2008. Copyright Megalithomania 2008. All Rights Reserved.
Views: 1700 Hidden Knowledge TV
Presentation by Dr. Thomas Pleger, Great Lakes Archaeologist and President of Lake Superior State University, at the Copper and Culture Conference on Prehistoric Metal Working in the Lake Superior Region, August 7-8, 2015, sponsored by the Copper Country Ancient Sites Conservancy please support preservation and education by contributing at coppercountryancientsitesconservancy.com or on the CCASC Facebook page.
Views: 9898 Todd Rongstad
Timna: Israel's Ancient Copper Mines
Located 17 miles north of Eilat, Timna, once an extensive network of sophisticated cooper mines, is now a major tourist attraction in Israel's south.
Views: 7644 Jewish National Fund
USING LAKES TO MAP ANCIENT COPPER MINING, by Dr. David P. Pompeani, at the Copper and Culture Conference on Prehistoric Metal Working in the Lake Superior Region August 7, 2015, Houghton, Michigan.
Views: 6128 Todd Rongstad
Phoenicians discovered America
Proof that Phoenicians discovered America in Bronze Age Доказательство что Финикийцы открыли Америку в Бронзовом Веке. Bronze Age. Неизвестный бронзовый век. part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5sB57E_oC2Q part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RvZbOes4jKA part 3 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4w80yo5mBFk Mysterious NURAGHE culture part 1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KA0YEhoNvJI part 2 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avDSJsEKfvM SYRIA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6-iEXGmtshc
Views: 12610 vlad9vt
Smelting copper ore (geothite) from the Great Orme Mines in a pit furnace.
A very brief (and raw!) film on smelting copper ore (geothite) from the Prehistoric mines on the Great Orme using a reconstructed Bronze Age furnace based on one excavated at Pentrywyn on the Great Orme. Work carried out as part of Alan Williams (University of Liverpool) analysis of Bronze Age metals and ores. We will be putting up a more detailed film on this soon, in the meantime visit http://www.ancient-arts.org/pentrwyn%20exp%20report.pdf for more information.
Views: 6290 ancient1580
Out of the Fiery Furnace - Episode 1 - From Stone to Bronze
From the Stone Age to the era of the silicon chip — metals and minerals have marked the milestones of our civilization. OUT OF THE FIERY FURNACE traces the story of civilization through the exploitation of metals, minerals and energy resources. Renowned radio and BBC television commentator Michael Charlton hosts seven, one-hour programs filmed in more than 50 different parts of the world. This very unusual public television series combines the disciplines of history, science, archeology and economics in order to explore the relationship between technology and society. How did human beings first come to recognize metals buried in rocks? Michael Charlton visits an archaeological dig at a Stone Age settlement to uncover the ways in which our early ancestors extracted metal from rock. This episode visits several dramatic locations, including India and the Sinai Desert to follow remarkable experiments using the smelting techniques of the ancient civilizations. You'll also travel to Thailand to find a possible answer to a great mystery: how did bronze come to be invented in the Middle East where there are no deposits of a necessary element — tin? (60 minutes) VHS Cover: http://i.imgur.com/RuPFqrt Disclaimer: This video series, produced in 1986 by Opus Films is shown here for Educational Purposes. It includes footage of cultures in India, China, Near East, etc. and ancient methods of manufacturing metals. It is hoped that this information is useful for archival and educational purposes to viewers all across the world. The video is provided here under the Fair Use policy.
Smelting Copper (part 1)
Smelting copper from copper carbonate
Views: 2559 Midnight Miners
Traditional Bronze Age Copper Smelting with James Dilley - Ancient Craft
As part of a Neolithic skills week at Parc Cwm Darran, James gave a demonstration of traditional bronze age copper smelting. Copper smelts at approx 1100 degrees centigrade. Bellows are used to keep the temperature up. A small pit is dug and a crucible filled with alternate layers of blue malachite and charcoal is placed into the charcoal furnace. The whole process takes around half an hour.
Views: 500 baarbaarathesheep
Copper Mines Arizona, USA
Views: 318 C go
Ancient mining and forest clearing grid
We can observe a whole bunch of different forest clearing grid all around the world. But why we see in the middle of nowhere? They say it was made for some gas exploration, and they use it to sensor the siesmic explosions to get the 3d map of the area. Lets find out what I saw on my friends pictures. Much of what I'm showing occurred in the not so distant past as we are led to believe Support the channel https://www.paypal.me/philippdruzhinin
Views: 8814 Philipp Druzhinin
300 Million Year Old Bell Found In Coal?
Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/MysteryHistory Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/MysteryHistoryBook/ Steemit: https://steemit.com/@mysteryhistory Twitter: https://twitter.com/Mysterytweetery Bitcoin: 165fvSvfTnmU6dNz5XtHUEmfheMMCdED2q In 1944, a ten-year-old boy by the name of Newton Anderson, was playing in his basement, smashing lumps of coal with a mallet… When he made an amazing discovery… The coal that he was playing with had been mined very near to where he lived, in Upshur County, West Virginia… and is largely accepted to be around 300 million years old! Imagine then, Newtons, and subsequently his parents surprise, when he presented to them this small bell, complete with strange winged figure, and its possibly very ancient clapper… Later found to be made of iron. Although there are many people who now insist that the dating of the coal must be incorrect… This little bell could also be a long-lost relic, lost within woodland, that over the eons becomes perfectly preserved within the eventual coal seam, lost by an advanced civilization which once inhabited earth. The bell is considered an “antediluvian artefact,” or an object of pre-flood origins by the Institute for Creation Research, who had the bell submitted for laboratory testing at the University of Oklahoma. Whilst there, a nuclear activation analysis revealed that the bell contained an unusual mix of metals, a mix of metals not uncommon to earth but rather, unusual for our current civilization to have decided to have manufactured it with… Further supporting its authenticity as a very ancient relic? Later on in his life, Newton Anderson spent a great deal of time researching the figure atop the bell… He discovered similarities to the Babylonian Southwest Wind Demon, called Pazuzu. The demon typically is shown with a prominent headpiece like the bell figure. The Hindu deity Garuda is sometimes depicted on top of bells, as is the Egyptian Isis. The kneeling posture with hands clasped is also quite like Garuda representations.... And because of this, some have argued that it must be an Indian Ghanta Bell. However, these similar, and often confusing arguments over very similar deities, could be seen as a consequence of cataclysm. Past civilisation and the mythologies briefly retained, and all recorded at a time before such belief systems became too clouded with other outside influences. Another rare artefact is this strange handle, also found in coal, and fortunately photographed before it vanished forever… Totally petrified and reportedly appeared to have virtually turned to coal… According to those who briefly investigated It, the handle appeared as well-made as any modern handle. What do you think regarding these strange objects? Can coal form and objects petrify, faster than we have ever witnessed… Or are these relics indeed millions of years old. Thanks for watching guys and until next time, take care. http://www.genesispark.com/essays/update-on-the-mysterious-bell-found-in-coal/
Views: 100611 Mystery History
Ancient Copper Smelting
Views: 5577 Shana Han
How Lead is Mined & Refined: "A Story Of Lead" 1948 US Bureau of Mines; Lead Metal Mining & Refining
Support this channel: https://www.patreon.com/jeffquitney more at http://scitech.quickfound.net/geology_news_and_links.html "Portrays mining operations in the lead belt of southeast Missouri--the crushing of ore, smelting, refining and other steps in the production of pig lead." Originally a public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead Wikipedia license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ Lead has been commonly used for thousands of years because it is widespread, easy to extract and easy to work with. It is highly malleable as well as easy to smelt. Metallic lead beads dating back to 6400 BCE have been found in Çatalhöyük in modern-day Turkey. In the early Bronze Age, lead was used with antimony and arsenic. The largest preindustrial producer of lead was the Roman economy, with an estimated annual output of 80,000 tonnes, which was typically won as a by-product of extensive silver smelting. Roman mining activities occurred in Central Europe, Roman Britain, the Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor and Hispania which alone accounted for 40% of world production. Roman lead pipes often bore the insignia of Roman emperors (see Roman lead pipe inscriptions). Lead plumbing in the Latin West may have been continued beyond the age of Theoderic the Great into the medieval period. Many Roman "pigs" (ingots) of lead figure in Derbyshire lead mining history and in the history of the industry in other English centers. The Romans also used lead in molten form to secure iron pins that held together large limestone blocks in certain monumental buildings. In alchemy, lead was thought to be the oldest metal and was associated with the planet Saturn. Alchemists accordingly used Saturn's symbol (the scythe, ♄) to refer to lead. Up to the 17th century, tin was often not distinguished from lead: lead was called plumbum nigrum (literally, "black lead"), while tin was called plumbum candidum (literally, "bright lead")... Most ores contain less than 10% lead, and ores containing as little as 3% lead can be economically exploited. Ores are crushed and concentrated by froth flotation typically to 70% or more. Sulfide ores are roasted, producing primarily lead oxide and a mixture of sulfates and silicates of lead and other metals contained in the ore. Lead oxide from the roasting process is reduced in a coke-fired blast furnace to the metal. Additional layers separate in the process and float to the top of the metallic lead. These are slag (silicates containing 1.5% lead), matte (sulfides containing 15% lead), and speiss (arsenides of iron and copper). These wastes contain concentrations of copper, zinc, cadmium, and bismuth that can be recovered economically, as can their content of unreduced lead. Metallic lead that results from the roasting and blast furnace processes still contains significant contaminants of arsenic, antimony, bismuth, zinc, copper, silver, and gold. The melt is treated in a reverberatory furnace with air, steam, and sulfur, which oxidizes the contaminants except silver, gold, and bismuth. The oxidized contaminants are removed by drossing, where they float to the top and are skimmed off. Since lead ores contain significant concentrations of silver, the smelted metal also is commonly contaminated with silver. Metallic silver as well as gold is removed and recovered economically by means of the Parkes process. Desilvered lead is freed of bismuth according to the Betterton-Kroll process by treating it with metallic calcium and magnesium, which forms a bismuth dross that can be skimmed off. Very pure lead can be obtained by processing smelted lead electrolytically by means of the Betts process. The process uses anodes of impure lead and cathodes of pure lead in an electrolyte of silica fluoride...
Views: 14598 Jeff Quitney
On a recent trip metal detecting at an unnamed abandoned copper mine in Michigan's upper peninsula I discovered this awesome piece just laying on the ground. Its going to be an awesome summer, I can see that already! IF YOU LIKE MY CONTENT AND WANT TO DONATE, PLEASE CLICK HERE: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=UCXSS5SHLWDYS SUBSCRIBE TO THIS CHANNEL FOR MORE!! *Follow Me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheRealJasonAsselin *Follow Me on TWITTER: https://twitter.com/DaRogueReporter *Follow Me on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/jason_asselin/ @All rights reserved.
Views: 1274 Jason Asselin
Ancient quarry
Canyon de Chelly National Monument - Reserve (a national monument) in the United States. Located in northeastern Arizona within the Navajo reservation. Access to the canyon is limited, visitors may visit it only with a guide, usually because of the Navajo. The only exception to this rule is the tourist trail "Ruins of the White House." The most amazing thing in the canyon - a vertical wall. In addition, they look like they are covered with a plaster, mostly likely the same breed as the arrays themselves. What were they mining in sandstone, is the question? Canyon de Chelly is horizontal layers of sandstone, which raises the question of, where did the vertical "lines" come from? I went on Google Earth, looked close up, but then found something interesting. If you back away to see where it shows the borders of the "Four Corner States" from high up, there is a big "circle" of mountain ranges in which "canyons" are found, including the Grand Canyon. Canyon de Chelly is in the middle of that circle. The geology of Arizona contains some great copper deposits that are still mined today, and also gold and silver. There are also precious gemstones and minerals that are formed with copper, and petrified wood. Perhaps Canyon de Chelly was an exploratory mining operation which didn't yield as much (if anything) as the Grand Canyon (much larger and bigger). There seems to be one point of entrance to the canyon with branches coming off of it. Another question arose, If there is a Petrified Forest National Park of "petrified wood" ("Petrified Forest National Park is a United States national park in Navajo and Apache counties in northeastern Arizona" -- and Canyon de Chelly is located in northeastern Arizona), then perhaps the mining is taking place at a site much like the one in the video you did on Lukomorie. Just some thoughts to add to the mix. I think it's a quarry of Atlantis. Support the channel https://www.paypal.me/philippdruzhinin
Views: 25235 Philipp Druzhinin
The Search For Ancient Americans
Earliest societies are investigated.
Views: 4151 Nowhere Man
Secret American Archaeology May 2015
For more than 25 years Carl Lehrburger has studied archaeological and sacred sites in North America, with a focus on ancient peoples in America before Columbus. He discussed his latest work revealing extensive evidence for pre-Columbian explorers in ancient America, such as Celtic relics. He personally explored some of the New England sites highlighted in Barry Fell's groundbreaking book America B.C., and became convinced that Celtic writing and relics, thousands of years old, were indeed genuine, and that migrations to America came over many different periods and waves. These migrations included both trans-Pacific and trans-Atlantic visitors, and one of the biggest drivers of this ancient travel was the quest for gold and silver-- in the Eastern US copper mining took place, while gold and silver were mined on the West Coast, he said. The ancient Celts left evidence of their writing system in New England, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, as well as latter day Celts leaving inscriptions in West Virginia, he said. One of the most important examples is the site called America's Stonehenge, located in southern New Hampshire, which he characterized as a large area of Celtic stone constructions, dating back 2,000 years. A town in Arizona also dates back to this era, he suggested, and was inhabited by a Roman colony, who left behind their historical record on lead plates. Lehrburger believes there's been a deliberate attempt to keep America's true archaeological history hidden from the public.
Views: 31471 Disclosure Nation
HEBREWS were in Ancient America - SOLID Evidence
Here is undeniable evidence that Hebrew people were in ancient North America... and you can see it on Google Earth. Check out these other videos I've been working on about the Hopewell Moundbuilder civilization and how they correlate with the people of the Book of Mormon. Watch the full playlist (so far to date) here: http://bit.ly/2rHSEZf Visit the FIRM Foundation website at http://www.BookofMormonEvidence.org Also visit http://www.LDSArchaeology.com Watch Wayne May and Rod Meldrum on YouTube Also, watch "Nephite Explorer" and "Hidden In the Heartland" on http://www.truenorthtv.org Study the Moundbuilders, and The Book of Mormon To get a FREE Bible and Book of Mormon, call (888) 537-2200 or visit http://www.mormon.org
Views: 72739 Michael P
Making History - Medieval Mining
Since the Bronze age the strength and security of a civilization depended on their access to various metals such as gold, silver, copper, tin, and Iron. Finding and extracting these metals proved to be extremely difficult
Views: 13718 AllHistories
Giants on Record: Massive Stone Axes of the Ancient American Mound Builders
Giantologists Jim Vieira and Hugh Newman examine two giant stone axes weighing 33 lb (15 kg) and 14.5 lb (6.6 kg) found in a mound in Calhoun County, Illinois in 1904. Hugh travels to Mississippi to meet artifact collector Brock Smith to look at one of the pieces as well as some Clovis arrowheads and other artifacts. Brock kindly sent the large axe to Jim's house in New England where he and Hugh examine it and discuss this and other oversized artifacts found in America and around the world, including two axes from collector Steven Cannon and one 27 inch axe from Chris L. Lesley. https://www.facebook.com/giantsonrecord. Get the book or Kindle at Amazon US: http://amzn.to/1MrVH5L and Amazon UK: http://amzn.to/1OxghHM and other outlets. Book Title: Giants on Record: America's Hidden History, Secrets in the Mounds and the Smithsonian Files. Companion book to 'Search for the Lost Giants' TV show (History Channel) Jim Vieira is a stonemason and writer and has collated 1500 newspapers and scholarly accounts of giant skeletons being found in North America, In 2012 he created the online blog 'The Daily Giant’ presenting one giant report per day. He is star of the History Channel TV show Search for the Lost Giants with his brother Bill. He presented at a prestigious TedX event, but got his lecture controversially taken down just like Graham Hancock and Rupert Sheldrake. He lives in Ashfield, Massachusetts. Hugh Newman is an explorer, megalithomaniac and author of Earth Grids: The Secret Pattern of Gaia’s Sacred Sites (2008) and Stone Circles (2017). He has been a regular guest on History Channel’s Ancient Aliens and featured in Search for the Lost Giants. He has articles published in Atlantis Rising (US), New Dawn (Australia) and numerous other publications. As well as organising the Megalithomania conferences and tours, he has spoken at events in the UK, Malta, France, Peru, Egypt, Bosnia and North America. He lives in Glastonbury, England. His websites are http://www.megalithomania.co.uk and http://www.hughnewman.co.uk ISBN: 9780956786517. 420 Pages. 6" x 9". Published by Avalon Rising Publications, UK. Hardback, paperback and ebook.
Views: 6481 MegalithomaniaUK
Grimes Graves - Ancient flint mines documentary
Ancient flint mines documentary
Views: 8614 indeliblelink
The Jewels that Speak to Us: Seals and Signets from the Bronze Age Aegean
This lecture will take you on a journey back in time to the Bronze Age in Crete and Greece, to the 2nd millennium BCE, and introduce you to the artistic creativity of the Minoans and the Mycenaeans in carving their seals and engraving their signets. Precious to their owners as both jewel and mark of identity, the seals and signets speak to us through their function, their art and their iconography.
"Montana Mosaic: The Rise and Fall of the Anaconda Copper Mining Company" (2006)
THE RISE AND FALL OF THE ANACONDA COPPER MINING COMPANY, directed by Gita Saedi For over a century, the Anaconda Copper Mining Company dominated the economy and culture of Montana. Its legacy continues to shape the future of Montana. The 1977 demise of the company had far-reaching implications for the region that continue to shape Montana's economy, culture, and environment. ABOUT THE FILMMAKER Gita Saedi Kiely was the series producer/story editor for Kartemquin Films' acclaimed series THE NEW AMERICANS, a three-part series following five immigrant families' journey to the U.S. She has produced for Channel 4 in the UK, CBS and PBS in the U.S. and RTE in Ireland. Her other work includes line producing REEL PARADISE, a documentary about indy film guru John Pierson and his adventure on a remote island in Fiji; and JAILED FOR THEIR WORDS, a documentary on the Montana Sedition Act. Gita is an adjunct lecturer at the University of Montana School of Journalism and was the 2013 Festival Director of the Big Sky Documentary Film Festival. She is currently producing Mossedegh & Me, a personal reflection on the CIA coup that ousted then Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh from 1950s Iran. http://kartemquin.com/films/mossadegh-me Subscribe to THE MONTANA EXPERIENCE: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_Psw3TOXXGULurBj5mtofQ Follow THE MONTANA EXPERIENCE youtube channel on facebook - https://www.facebook.com/themontanaexperience/
KEWEENAW GEOMYSTERY - Why Is Native Copper Here?
Keweenaw Geomystery - Why Is Native Copper Here? Bill Rose, MTU Professor Emeritus of Geology, at the Copper and Culture Conference on Prehistoric Metal Working in the Lake Superior Region from the Copper Country Ancient Sites Conservancy.
Views: 5911 Todd Rongstad
Ancient Mining Machines - Ancient Discoveries History Documentary
Ancient Mining Machines - Ancient Discoveries (History Documentary) Shot on location in the Mediterranean and the Middle East, Ancient Discoveries unearths amazing technologies we think of as modern, but which actually have their origins in antiquity. The series travels back in time to uncover remarkably sosphisticated inventions and to celebrate the ancient engineers whose ingenuity laid the foundations for todays technology. The Romans created a hydraulic mining system that literally blew millions of tonnes of mountain away. How was this possible? Ancient sappers dug under the walls of the mega castle Jacobs Ford in 1178 and brought a whole castle down. How? Ancient Discoveries has built a wall and will dig a tunnel and bring it down the ancient way. Castle defenders invented listening devices to warn them of miners digging under their walls - how did these work, and what was the lethal concoction they used to smoke attacking sappers out of the tunnels? The invention of gunpowder changed the way we mine. But who brought explosives into mines? And how did they do it? In 1689 in Cornwall England miner Thomas Eplsey invented gunpowder mining. A technique that would eventually kill him - but that revolutionized the way we mine today. The Vikings mined a stone called sunstone that could be used to navigate when the sun was in and near the poles - where compasses don't work.
Views: 21334 Damon Callender

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