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DR Congo 🇨🇩: Will Kabila step down? | Inside Story
 
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Will Kabila step down? It’s a New Year, but when it comes to politics in Democratic Republic of Congo, there’s nothing new. President Joseph Kabila has been in power since 2001. His second term in office officially ended in December 2016, but he’s still there. And promised elections never happened. Catholics in the capital Kinshasa prayed on Sunday. They want Kabila to leave…but peaceful demonstrations turned violent. At least seven people were killed and dozens arrested by security forces. So what does 2018 hold for the people of DRC? Presenter: Adrian Finighan Guests: Okito Tongomo, President of the Congolese Support Group UK Jack Bahati, political analyst Michael Amoah, Centre of African Studies, SOAS - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 61690 Al Jazeera English
DR Congo: 15 years after deadly eruption, city rebuilds in shadow of volcano
 
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A city in the Democratic Republic of Congo is expanding and rebuilding in the shadow of one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. Mount Nyiragongo last erupted 15 years ago, killing more than a hundred people and displacing many more in the city of Goma. Al Jazeera's Catherine Soi reports from Goma, the capital of North Kivu province. - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: http://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 6582 Al Jazeera English
Shinkolobwe Uranium*Manhattan Project*Katanga Province*Democratic Republic of the Congo.
 
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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katanga_Province https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shinkolobwe Shinkolobwe is the name of a town and a mine in the Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), located near the larger town of Likasi and about 120 miles northwest of Lubumbashi. Around 15,000 people live in the town. The mine produced uranium ore for the Manhattan Project. It was officially closed in 2004. The mineral deposit was discovered in 1915 by Robert Rich Sharp (1881-1958). The mine was worked from 1921 onwards. Uranium-bearing ore was initially exported to Belgium for the extraction of radium. The United States used Shinkolobwe's uranium resources to supply the Manhattan Project to construct the atomic bomb in World War II. Edgar Sengier, then director of Union Minière du Haut Katanga, had stockpiled 1,200 tonnes of uranium ore in a warehouse on Staten Island, New York. This ore and an additional 3,000 tonnes of ore stored above-ground at the mine was purchased by Colonel Ken Nichols for use in the project. Nichols wrote: Our best source, the Shinkolobwe mine, represented a freak occurrence in nature. It contained a tremendously rich lode of uranium pitchblende. Nothing like it has ever again been found. The ore already in the United States contained 65 percent U3O8, while the pitchblende aboveground in the Congo amounted to a thousand tons of 65 percent ore, and the waste piles of ore contained two thousand tons of 20 percent U3O8. To illustrate the uniqueness of Sengier’s stockpile, after the war the MED and the AEC considered ore containing three-tenths of 1 percent as a good find. Without Sengier’s foresight in stockpiling ore in the United States and aboveground in Africa, we simply would not have had the amounts of uranium needed to justify building the large separation plants and the plutonium reactors. The mine was closed in 1939 and flooded. The US Army sent a squad from its Corps of Engineers to reopen the mine, expand the aerodromes in Léopoldville (now Kinshasa and Elizabethville (now Lubumbashi), and extend the port at Matadi, on the Congo River. Between 1942 and 1944, about 30,000 tons of uranium ore were sold to the US Army. On July 18, 2006 the DRC Sanctions Committee, (United Nations Security Council Committee Established Pursuant to Resolution 1533 (2004), to give it its full name) released a report dated June 15, 2006, which stated that artisanal mining for various minerals continues at the Shinkolobwe mine: 149. During an investigation into alleged smuggling of radioactive materials, the Group of Experts has learned that such incidents are far more frequent than assumed. According to Congolese experts on radioactive materials, organs of State security have, during the past six years, confiscated over 50 cases containing uranium or cesium in and around Kinshasa. The last significant incident occurred in March 2004 when two containers with over 100 kilograms of stable uranium-238 and uranium-235 were secured. American interest in the Shinkolobwe mine for the purpose of developing of nuclear weapons led to the implementation of extensive security measures. Shinkolobwe's location was removed from maps and journalists were denied access to the mine and official information. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishnaswamy_Sundarji In 1963 he served in the UN mission in the Congo, where he was chief of staff of the Katanga command and was mentioned in dispatches for his gallantry. It was about this time when India had tested its own Nuclear bomb. General Sundarji had long been an advocate of a nuclear policy, and now emerged as an articulate military spokesman for nuclear policy. In 1984, he led Operation Blue Star, intended to evict Sikh extremists who had occupied the Golden temple in Amritsar. The Indian army marched into the gurudawara with their boots off. He was to later say - "We went inside with humility in our hearts and prayers on our lips". According to his wife, Sundarji emerged a changed man after this operation. In 1986, he was appointed the Chief of Army Staff. After taking over as the Army Chief, he wrote a letter to his soldiers warning of deteriorating standards, and the evil of sycophancy. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d9D6coHoVaU On August 9, 2006 the Sunday Times published a report claiming that Iran was seeking to import "bomb-making uranium" from the Shinkolobwe mine., quoting the UN report of July 18, 2006. This report gives "Tanzanian customs officials" as its sole source for their claim that the uranium was destined for processing in the former Soviet republic of Kazakhstan via the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bandar_Abbas https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bushehr https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bushehr_Nuclear_Power_Plant https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W88
Views: 2856 Om Namoh Shivayeh Om
World War 1(BBC Documentary)
 
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Views: 4 Sharie Gluck
شورای امنیت سازمان ملل شورشیان کنگو را تحریم کرد
 
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http://persian.euronews.com/ بعد از چند روز درگیری خونین در شرق جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو، شورشیان کنترل شهر یک میلیون نفری گوما را به دست گرفتند. شهر گوما در حالی سقوط کرد که حدود 1500 سرباز حافظ صلح سازمان ملل در آن مستقر بودند و همین مساله موضوع کارایی این نیروها را زیر سوال برده است. ساعاتی پس از سقوط شهر گوما شورای امنیت سازمان ملل متحد با تصویب قطعنامه ای رهبران شورشیان را تحریم کرد و خواهان توقف حمایت کشورهای خارجی از این شورشیان شد. ژوزف کابیلا، رئیس جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو، کشور همسایه، روآندا را به حمایت از شورشیان متهم می کند. ژرارد آرود، نماینده فرانسه در سازمان ملل که کشورش تهیه کننده پیش نویس این قطعنامه بود می گوید: «از بیرون قضیه سقوط شهر در حضور سربازان سازمان ملل عجیب به نظر می رسد. اما کلاه آبیهای سازمان ملل در جنگهای داخلی نقشی ندارند. آنها قرار نیست که کار نیروهای نظامی دولتها را انجام بدهند.» رئیس جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو و رئیس جمهوری روآندا برای گفتگو با رئیس جمهوری اوگاندا به این کشور سفر کرده اند. از نه سال قبل که جنگ در جمهوری دموکراتیک کنگو رسما پایان گرفت، این برای اولین است که شورشیان می توانند وارد شهر گوما بشوند. در جنگ پنج ساله این کشور که کل منطقه را درگیر خود کرد، دست کم پنج میلیون نفر کشته شدند. Youtube http://www.youtube.com/euronewspe Facebook http://www.facebook.com/euronews.pe Twitter http://twitter.com/euronews
Zizek on the Congo
 
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vocals are from a slavoj zizek lecture i attended, i know the sound quality is not great he says -"I'm not blaming the Africans, quite on the contrary, Congo is not out in a dark spot, it is fully integrated in the global economy, the west needs Congo the way it is now, this is always for me, when people say oh humanitarian action and so on and so on, my god once to provoke my friends, i even said i would have even supported American intervention there, intervene there!!...the last 10 years over 5 million people died of unnatural causes in Congo, It's the ultimate nightmare,compared to Congo today even west bank is kind of a half paradise i mean compared to Congo, it is utter nightmare and we do nothing, its not even in the media."
Views: 1039 Rmahda
NewsNetworkToday:  D.R. CONGO - CHILDREN KIDNAPPED IN ARMED CONFLICT REINTEGRATED -- UNICEF
 
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NewsNetworkToday: 10 February 2011 -- UNICEF: Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC - Since 2004, and the launch of the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration program (DDR), child protection actors have facilitated the release of over 36,000 children formerly associated with armed forces and groups; in 2009, about 6,000 children have been demobilized in Eastern DRC at the time of the rapid integration process of armed groups into FARDC (Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo). This was a year for Charlotte's family to remember. It was when Raul, her 14-year-old nephew came back home. In September 2008, Raul was kidnapped in Bangadi by the Lord's Resistance Army or LRA, an armed group that terrorized the civilian population in Democratic Republic of Congo's (DRC) Province Orientale. Today, Raul finds it hard to sleep because of the killings he was obliged to commit, the horrors he witnessed. Since the LRA attacks started in 2008, the security situation in Dungu Territory has become volatile. Hundreds of boys and girls are abducted by the LRA and are used as child soldiers or sex slaves. For the past two years, Charlotte, Raul's aunt who welcomed him in Dungu, prayed and cried every night. From 2008 to the end of 2010, UNICEF and its partner COOPI assisted more than 1,500 children formerly associated with armed forces or groups in Dungu. Children like Raul are given medical and psychosocial care for their trauma. For fear of LRA attacks, UNICEF does not run a transit and orientation center for ex-child soldiers in Dungu, Instead, children are hosted in UNICEF assisted families. SOUNDBITE (Pazande), Raul ex-child soldier: "I killed people. I didn't dare refuse because a friend of mine who refused to kill, was killed. Nowadays, if I don't pray before going to bed, I dream of the LRA coming to kill me, or to kidnap me again." SOUNDBITE (Lingala) Charlotte Gnasungawe, Raul's Aunt: "The day I heard that my sister's child was kidnapped in Bangadi, I was filled with sadness and fear. I cried all night. Today, I thank God he is back. But when I see how my nephew has changed, I can't help crying. The intelligent boy is now mentally deranged, suffering a lot." SOUNDBITE (French) Guy Guillaume, COOPI/Dungu social worker: "These children witnessed killings and other terrible exactions. Some of them have even killed people. That's why they come here for support We must listen to him to de-traumatize them so they don't carry the burden of what they lived all alone." SOUNDBITE (French) Andrea Burelli, UNICEF/Dungu head of office: 'We use work with the community to host children who come out of the armed groups. Putting children together in a centre could cause a security, a protection problem. There could be an LRA attack with consequences on the children." News Network Today: NewsNetworkToday: See: http://www.NewsNetworkToday.com MaximsNewsNetwork: News Network for the United Nations and the International Community. See: http://www.MaximsNews.com. "GIVING POWER & RESONANCE TO THE VOICE OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY" ......................
Views: 180 NewsNetworkToday
Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Views: 12 wikipedia tts
Sub-Saharan Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sub-Saharan Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara. According to the United Nations, it consists of all African countries that are fully or partially located south of the Sahara. It contrasts with North Africa, whose territories are part of the League of Arab states within the Arab world. The Arabic speaking states of Somalia, Djibouti, Comoros and the Arabic speaking Mauritania are however geographically in Sub-Saharan Africa, although they are members of the Arab League as well. The UN Development Program lists 46 of Africa’s 54 countries as “sub-Saharan,” excluding Algeria, Djibouti, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan and Tunisia. The Sahel is the transitional zone in between the Sahara and the tropical savanna of the Sudan region and farther south the forest-savanna mosaic of tropical Africa. Since probably 3500 BCE, the Saharan and Sub-Saharan regions of Africa have been separated by the extremely harsh climate of the sparsely populated Sahara, forming an effective barrier interrupted by only the Nile in Sudan, though the Nile was blocked by the river's cataracts. The Sahara pump theory explains how flora and fauna (including Homo sapiens) left Africa to penetrate the Middle East and beyond. African pluvial periods are associated with a Wet Sahara phase, during which larger lakes and more rivers existed.The use of the term has been criticized because it refers to the South only by cartography conventions and projects a connotation of inferiority; a vestige of colonialism, which some say, divided Africa into European terms of homogeneity.
Views: 59 wikipedia tts
ZEITGEIST: MOVING FORWARD | OFFICIAL RELEASE | 2011
 
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Please support Peter Joseph's new, upcoming film project: "InterReflections" by joining the mailing list and helping: http://www.interreflectionsmovie.com LIKE Peter Joseph @ https://www.facebook.com/peterjosephofficial FOLLOW Peter Joseph @ https://twitter.com/ZeitgeistFilm * Sign up for TZM Mailing List: http://www.thezeitgeistmovement.com/ Sign up for the Film Series Mailing List: http://zeitgeistmovie.com/ This is the Official Online (Youtube) Release of "Zeitgeist: Moving Forward" by Peter Joseph. [30 subtitles ADDED!] On Jan. 15th, 2011, "Zeitgeist: Moving Forward" was released theatrically to sold out crowds in 60 countries; 31 languages; 295 cities and 341 Venues. It has been noted as the largest non-profit independent film release in history. This is a non-commercial work and is available online for free viewing and no restrictions apply to uploading/download/posting/linking - as long as no money is exchanged. A Free DVD Torrent of the full 2 hr and 42 min film in 30 languages is also made available through the main website [below], with instructions on how one can download and burn the movie to DVD themselves. His other films are also freely available in this format. Website: http://www.zeitgeistmovingforward.com http://www.zeitgeistmovie.com SUPPORT PETER JOSEPH (DONATIONS): http://zeitgeistmovie.com/torrents.html Release Map: http://zeitgeistmovingforward.com/zmap DVD: http://zeitgeistmovie.com/order.html Movement: http://www.thezeitgeistmovement.com Subtitles provided by Linguistic Team International: http://forum.linguisticteam.org/
Views: 24990014 TZMOfficialChannel
Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Views: 18 wikipedia tts
Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Views: 5 wikipedia tts
Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories). At about 30.3 million km2 (11.7 million square miles) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of Earth's total surface area and 20% of its land area. With 1.2 billion people as of 2016, it accounts for about 16% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Isthmus of Suez and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagos. It contains 54 fully recognised sovereign states (countries), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition. The majority of the continent and its countries are in the Northern Hemisphere, with a substantial portion and number of countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Africa's average population is the youngest amongst all the continents; the median age in 2012 was 19.7, when the worldwide median age was 30.4. Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is its largest by population. Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the place of origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors as well as later ones that have been dated to around 7 million years ago, including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster—the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human), found in Ethiopia, date to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones.Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities, cultures and languages. In the late 19th century, European countries colonised almost all of Africa; most present states in Africa originated from a process of decolonisation in the 20th century. African nations cooperate through the establishment of the African Union, which is headquartered in Addis Ababa.
Views: 7 wikipedia tts