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The Australian Gold Rush
 
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This is an educational video for Stage 3 students studying HSIE in NSW schools under the old HSIE BOS NSW Syllabus. This content is still relevant to the national curriculum, under the History K-10 Syllabus. This video introduces events that had a significant impact on shaping Australia and its colonies. Students develop an understanding regarding the evolution of the colonies and early migration to Australia in the 19th century (See ACHHK095 & ACHHK096). The purpose of this video was to be used in conjunction with an IGASAR (a process model for inquiry) learning sequence as part of a university assessment for unit EDSS223 at the University of New England (UNE), Armidale NSW.
Views: 96640 Drew Smith
The California Gold Rush cartoon 1849 (The Wild West)
 
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Not many Americans lived in California, but that soon changed. By 1849 thousands upon thousands of people arrived in search of gold. Support the cartoons on patreon: https://www.patreon.com/simplehistory?ty=c Get your copy of Simple History: The Wild West today! https://www.amazon.com/Simple-History-Wild-Daniel-Turner/dp/153916036X/ Simple history gives you the facts, simple! See the book collection here: Amazon USA http://www.amazon.com/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1457289367&sr=8-1 Amazon UK http://www.amazon.co.uk/Daniel-Turner/e/B00H5TYLAE/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_1?qid=1457289367&sr=8-1 http://www.simplehistory.co.uk/ https://www.facebook.com/Simple-History-549437675141192/ https://twitter.com/simple_guides Credit: Narrator: Chris Kane http://ckvox.com/ Animation: Daniel Turner CJ Boucher artwork: Daniel Turner Music: One Fine Day
Views: 665202 Simple History
The Gold Rush | California History [ep.5]
 
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This is part 5 of a series on California history, specifically cover the Gold Rush of 1848-1860. Click here to see start the series from the beginning: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLjnwpaclU4wUD7y8912ViyAtGfraKi9ru ------------------------------------------------------------ references: Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. 39 Vols. San Francisco, Calif.: The History Company, 1890. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubert_Howe_Bancroft#Published_works Boessenecker, John. Badge and Buckshot: Lawlessness in Old California. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1988. https://amzn.to/2NGretz Boessenecker, John. “California Bandidos.” Southern California Quarterly 80, i4 (Dec. 1, 1998) 419-434. Boessenecker, John. Gold Dust & Gunsmoke: Tales of Gold Rush Outlaws, Gunfighters, Lawmen, and Vigilantes. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1999. https://amzn.to/2JdmTL1 Burns, John and Richard Orsi, editors. Taming the Elephant: Politics, Government, and Law in Pioneer California. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 2003. https://amzn.to/2NEaT8G Hall-Patton, Joseph. Pacifying Paradise: Violence and Vigilantism in San Luis Obispo. San Luis Obispo: California Polytechnic - San Luis Obispo thesis, 2016. http://www.digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses/1594/ Igler, David. Industrial Cowboys: Miller & Lux and the Transformation of the Far West, 1850-1920. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005. https://amzn.to/2NFK7g8 Johnson, Susan Lee. Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush. New York: W.W. Norton, 2000. https://amzn.to/2NEFcMC Wilson, Lori. The Joaquin Band: The History behind the Legend. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2011. https://amzn.to/2NC1VsJ Special thanks to Mark Hall-Patton for proofreading this script ------------------------------------------------------------ SUBSCRIBE FOR MORE VIDEOS: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=CynicalCypher88 contribute to my Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/CynicalHistorian LET'S CONNECT: https://www.facebook.com/cynicalcypher88 https://twitter.com/Cynical_History ------------------------------------------------------------ Wiki: The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.[1] The news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad.[2] The sudden influx of immigration and gold into the money supply reinvigorated the American economy, and California became one of the few American states to go directly to statehood, in the Compromise of 1850. The Gold Rush initiated the California Genocide, with 100,000 Native Californians dying between 1848 and 1868. By the time it ended, California had gone from a thinly populated ex-Mexican territory to the home state of the first nominee for the Republican Party. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. Whole indigenous societies were attacked and pushed off their lands by the gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (referring to 1849). The first to hear confirmed information of the gold rush were the people in Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), and Latin America, and they were the first to start flocking to the state in late 1848. Of the 300,000 people who came to America during the Gold Rush, approximately half arrived by sea and half came overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail; forty-niners often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the Gold Rush attracted tens of thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852. Roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. In 1849 a state constitution was written. The new constitution was adopted by referendum vote, and the future state's interim first governor and legislature were chosen. In September, 1850, California became a state. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights in the goldfields and a system of "staking claims" was developed. Prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. Although the mining caused environmental harm, more sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed and later adopted around the world. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. ------------------------------------------------------------ Hashtags: #History #California #GoldRush #1849 #49ers #fortyniners
Views: 39615 The Cynical Historian
Gunfights in the wild west - Australian Gold Rush History
 
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Amazing hunt on an early Australian Goldfields site. Plenty of relics, early 1800 silver, trading tokens and early coins. Great to find a massive 3-ringer bullet, a reminder of how wild the early goldfields were with a loaded gun your sleeping partner. Hope you enjoy the video.
Views: 475 GemQ1
The California Gold Rush Experience: Facts, Miners, Timeline, Towns (1998)
 
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The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. About the book: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0671255371/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0671255371&linkCode=as2&tag=tra0c7-20&linkId=e466e8af410d510aab178d97d3765afc The first to hear confirmed information about gold in California were residents of Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), western Mexico, and Central America. They were the first to go there in late 1848. All told, the news of gold brought some 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. Of the 300,000, approximately half arrived by sea and half came overland from the east, on the California Trail and the Gila River trail. The gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (as a reference to 1849), often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the Gold Rush attracted tens of thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. At first, the gold nuggets could be picked up off the ground. Later, gold was recovered from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. More sophisticated methods were developed and later adopted elsewhere. At its peak, technological advances reached a point where significant financing was required, increasing the proportion of gold companies to individual miners. Gold worth tens of billions of today's dollars was recovered, which led to great wealth for a few. However, many returned home with little more than what they had started with. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852. Roads and other towns were built throughout California. In 1849 a state constitution was written, and a governor and legislature were chosen. California became a state as part of the Compromise of 1850. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. By 1869 railroads were built across the country from California to the eastern United States. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights in the goldfields and a system of "staking claims" was developed. The Gold Rush also resulted in attacks on Native Americans, who were forcibly removed from their lands. An estimated 100,000 California Indians died between 1848 and 1868, and some 4,500 of them were murdered. Gold mining also caused environmental harm to rivers and lakes. Overnight California gained the international reputation as the "golden state".[138] Generations of immigrants have been attracted by the California Dream. California farmers,[139] oil drillers,[140] movie makers,[141] airplane builders,[142] and "dot-com" entrepreneurs have each had their boom times in the decades after the Gold Rush.[143] The literary history of the Gold Rush is reflected in the works of Mark Twain (The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County), Bret Harte (A Millionaire of Rough-and-Ready), Joaquin Miller (Life Amongst the Modocs), and many others.[29][144] Included among the modern legacies of the California Gold Rush are the California state motto, "Eureka" ("I have found it"), Gold Rush images on the California State Seal,[145] and the state nickname, "The Golden State", as well as place names, such as Placer County, Rough and Ready, Placerville (formerly named "Dry Diggings" and then "Hangtown" during rush time), Whiskeytown, Drytown, Angels Camp, Happy Camp, and Sawyers Bar. The San Francisco 49ers National Football League team, and the similarly named athletic teams of California State University, Long Beach, are named for the prospectors of the California Gold Rush. In addition. the standard route shield of state highways in California is in the shape of a miner's spade to honor the California Gold Rush.[146][147] Today, aptly named State Route 49 travels through the Sierra Nevada foothills, connecting many Gold Rush-era towns such as Placerville, Auburn, Grass Valley, Nevada City, Coloma, Jackson, and Sonora.[148] This state highway also passes very near Columbia State Historic Park, a protected area encompassing the historic business district of the town of Columbia; the park has preserved many Gold Rush-era buildings, which are presently occupied by tourist-oriented businesses. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_gold_rush
Views: 6182 The Film Archives
Mian Situ Sutter's Gold 1850
 
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http://www.thecollectionshop.com/e.asp?StockNumber=MA00005&Affiliate=349 unframed art. Situ is a master at capturing the experience of the brave immigrants who built the American West.With rich and dramatic use of color, his paintings are snapshots of history in the making.Gold was found in considerable quantities in the newly erected saw mill of Captain Sutter on the American River Fork.This report was the start of the rumors radiating outward from the Sierras that initiated the Gold Rush of 1849.This news also brought the first wave of Chinese immigrants to the United States, says Situ, who has preserved an epic point in history that defined America's West.
Views: 2470 The Collection Shop
EVERYTHING Australia
 
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OH my~ this took a long time. Talk about it here: https://redd.it/apewgo https://www.twitter.com/brain4breakfast https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUoW72_1nRhkUM0EavUBgYg/ --- Rights things 35 - Waltzing Matilda by Jackson Parodi Licensed under Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cvub3PHVIFs Waltzing Matilda (Instrumental Ukulele Cover) Licensed under Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/legalcode https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jNWQrv014ts Bushfire in Queensland by DooMMasteR (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uRg4-gthV0) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License Attribution 2.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ Flinders Island by cheapskiboy (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TY1aQt1iAuM) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License Attribution 2.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ Un echidna australiano en Byron Bay by AUssieYouTOO. com (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKCslFX97oA) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License Attribution 2.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ Flying the Drone around Copacabana Beach, Australia by Johnny Xmas (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9o4eetyKuq8) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License Attribution 2.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flinders_and_Baudin%27s_race_to_map_Australia.ogv - This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en Sailors Lament by Audionautix is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://audionautix.com/ Gauthier Aubé Didgeridoo 2 @ViaYoga Switzerland by NomadApe (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9oqNmAgFOrY) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License Attribution 2.0 license https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ Fiddles McGinty Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com) Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ So long, and thanks for all the fish.
Views: 338527 brain4breakfast
California Gold Rush | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: California Gold Rush 00:03:06 1 History 00:04:04 1.1 Discovery announced 00:05:39 1.2 Transportation to California 00:06:41 1.3 Supplies and goods needed 00:07:14 1.4 Northern California strikes 00:08:38 1.5 Indigenous driven out 00:09:53 1.6 Earlier discoveries of gold 00:11:09 2 Forty-niners 00:17:03 2.1 Homosexuality in San Francisco 00:17:34 3 Legal rights 00:20:08 4 Development of gold-recovery techniques 00:24:03 5 Profits 00:26:20 5.1 Path of the gold 00:27:53 6 Near-term effects 00:28:31 6.1 Development of government and commerce 00:30:24 6.2 Impact on Native Americans 00:34:35 6.3 World-wide economic stimulation 00:36:00 7 Longer-term effects 00:38:34 8 Cultural references 00:38:57 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. The news of gold brought approximately 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. The sudden influx of gold into the money supply reinvigorated the American economy, and the sudden population increase allowed California to go rapidly to statehood, in the Compromise of 1850. The Gold Rush had severe effects on Native Californians and resulted in a precipitous population decline from disease, genocide and starvation. By the time it ended, California had gone from a thinly populated ex-Mexican territory, to having one of its first two U.S. Senators, John C. Frémont, selected to be the first presidential nominee for the new Republican Party, in 1856. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. Whole indigenous societies were attacked and pushed off their lands by the gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (referring to 1849, the peak year for Gold Rush immigration). Outside of California, the first to arrive were from Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), and Latin America in late 1848. Of the approximately 300,000 people who came to California during the Gold Rush, about half arrived by sea and half came overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail; forty-niners often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the gold rush attracted thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852. Roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. In 1849 a state constitution was written. The new constitution was adopted by referendum vote, and the future state's interim first governor and legislature were chosen. In September 1850, California became a state. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights in the goldfields and a system of "staking claims" was developed. Prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. Although the mining caused environmental harm, more sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed and later adopted around the world. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. By 1869, railroads were built from California to the eastern United States. At its peak, technological advances reached a point where significant financing was required, increasing the proportion of gold companies to individual miners. Gold worth tens of billions of today's US dollars was recovered, which led to great wealth for a few, though many who participated in the California Gold Rush earned little more than they had started with.
Views: 67 Subhajit Sahu
Iron Characters (Trailer) Meet the women who work in an iron ore mine
 
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Complete series: https://rtd.rt.com/films/iron-characters/ Working at a mine is hard and oftentimes dangerous. It involves dealing with heavy machinery and explosions. It also involves a joint collaboration of professionals with different skills and jobs. Many of them are women. Meet the ladies who do what many would consider a job reserved for tough men. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: http://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM http://instagram.com/rt_documentary/ RTD LIVE http://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
Views: 730 RT Documentary
California Gold Rush
 
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Coordinates: 38°48′09″N 120°53′41″W / 38.80250°N 120.89472°W / 38.80250; -120.89472 This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 452 encyclopediacc
"There's Always A Better Day"©...An Original Song...Played On Tyros 2!
 
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Another one of my songs titled "There's Always A Better Day"©. I hope that you enjoy my song, and the photos!!! Please feel free to comment, and to "PLEASE RATE" the video..."THANKS!" Photos source: The Internet. Some history of the California Gold Rush: The California Gold Rush (18481855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill, in Coloma, California. News of the discovery soon spread, resulting in some 300,000 men, women, and children coming to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. Of the 300,000, approximately 150,000 arrived by sea while the remaining 150,000 arrived by land. Around the beginning of the Gold Rush, Mexican laws were no longer in effect, but there was very little law regarding property rights as the US had just taken over California land. Thus, California was forced to quickly develop various institutions. The solution to the property rights problem was a first-come-first-serve basis with the right to claim jump on abandoned sites. The early gold-seekers, called "Forty-niners" (as a reference to 1849) traveled to California by sailing boat and in covered wagons across the continent, often facing substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the Gold Rush attracted tens of thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and Asia. At first, the prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. More sophisticated methods of gold recovery developed which were later adopted around the world. At its peak, technological advances reached a point where significant financing was required, increasing the proportion of corporate to individual miners. Gold worth billions of today's dollars was recovered, which led to great wealth for a few. However, many returned home with little more than they had started with. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. San Francisco grew from a small settlement to a boomtown, and roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. A system of laws and a government were created, leading to the admission of California as a free state in 1850 as part of the Compromise of 1850. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service and railroads were built. The business of agriculture, California's next major growth field, was started on a wide scale throughout the state. However,the Gold Rush also had negative effects: Native Americans were attacked and pushed off traditional lands, and gold mining caused environmental harm.
Views: 4160 ilovetrains63
Free Silent Film: Romance of The Redwoods - The California Gold Rush
 
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"During the California gold rush, a young woman travels to the west coast to live with her uncle. When she arrives she discovers he has been killed by the natives and his identity and property taken by a notorious outlaw." Public Domain Video Archive Stars Mary Pickford Produced and Directed by Cecil B Demille An Artcraft Picture "The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.[1] The news of gold brought approximately 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad.[2] The sudden influx of gold into the money supply reinvigorated the American economy, and the sudden population increase allowed California to go rapidly to statehood, in the Compromise of 1850. The Gold Rush had severe effects on Native Californians and resulted in a precipitous population decline from disease, genocide and starvation. By the time it ended, California had gone from a thinly populated ex-Mexican territory, to having one of its first two U.S. Senators, John C. Frémont, selected to be the first presidential nominee for the new Republican Party, in 1856. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. Whole indigenous societies were attacked and pushed off their lands by the gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (referring to 1849, the peak year for Gold Rush immigration). Outside of California, the first to arrive were from Oregon, the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), and Latin America in late 1848. Of the approximately 300,000 people who came to California during the Gold Rush, about half arrived by sea and half came overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail; forty-niners often faced substantial hardships on the trip. While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the gold rush attracted thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about 200 residents in 1846 to a boomtown of about 36,000 by 1852. Roads, churches, schools and other towns were built throughout California. In 1849 a state constitution was written. The new constitution was adopted by referendum vote, and the future state's interim first governor and legislature were chosen. In September 1850, California became a state. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights in the goldfields and a system of "staking claims" was developed. Prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning. Although the mining caused environmental harm, more sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed and later adopted around the world. New methods of transportation developed as steamships came into regular service. By 1869, railroads were built from California to the eastern United States. At its peak, technological advances reached a point where significant financing was required, increasing the proportion of gold companies to individual miners. Gold worth tens of billions of today's US dollars was recovered, which led to great wealth for a few, though many who participated in the California Gold Rush earned little more than they had started with." Wikipedia
How do Submersible pumps work ?
 
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Recently submersible pumps have gained good market shares in both the industrial and domestic sectors, due to their high versatility and reliability. They need no priming, they are not prone to the issue of cavitation, and are very efficient. Let's explore the details of submersible pumps in this video. Voice over artist : https://www.fiverr.com/voiceonthemove Please support us at Patreon : https://www.patreon.com/LearnEngineering
Views: 809942 Learn Engineering
Alexander Robey Shepherd: The Man Who Built the Nation's Capital
 
01:02:45
John Richardson, who did much of his research at the Library of Congress, discussed his book, on Alexander Robey "Boss" Shepherd, the District of Columbia's powerful head of public works from 1871 until 1873 and D.C. governor in 1873 and 1874. Shepherd was a self-made man who accrued his fortune in the plumbing and gas-fitting trade, which inspired his fight to establish the city's physical infrastructure at a time when opposition forces were calling for the nation's capital to be moved to the Mississippi Valley, closer to the center of the country. Speaker Biography: John Richardson divided a 45-year career between the nonprofit sector and the U.S. government, focusing on Palestinian issues and the Muslim world. A graduate of Williams College with a master's degree from George Washington University, he was president of American Near East Refugee Aid and the Center for Middle East Policy. Later, as an officer with the Central Intelligence Agency, he served in Pakistan, Jordan and Indonesia before retiring in 2005. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=7712
Views: 209 LibraryOfCongress
Collections as Data: Impact
 
07:17:25
Building on the success of its “Collections as Data” symposium last year, the Library of Congress National Digital Initiatives (NDI) again will host a daylong symposium featuring a cadre of experts to explore the value of using digital collections and their impact on the public. The symposium will feature case studies and impact stories about the application of digital methods in analyzing and sharing collections. Join the conversation and tweet your thoughts on ‘Collections as Data’ using the hashtag #AsData. Key Note Speakers: Edward Ayers – @edward_l_ayers Paul Ford - @ftrain Presenters: Jessie Daniels - @JessieNYC Sarah Hatton - @sarah_hatton Rachel Shorey - @rachel_shorey Nick Adams - @Nick_B_Adams Stephen Robertson - @smrobertson3 Patrick Cronin and Thomas Neville - @croninsclass Tahir Hemphill - @tahirhemphill Geoff Haines-Stiles - @CrowdandCloudTV Stephanie Stillo Library of Congress - @LibraryCongress
Views: 4569 LibraryOfCongress
Out of the Fiery Furnace - Episode 5 - Into the Machine Age
 
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From the Stone Age to the era of the silicon chip — metals and minerals have marked the milestones of our civilization. OUT OF THE FIERY FURNACE traces the story of civilization through the exploitation of metals, minerals and energy resources. Renowned radio and BBC television commentator Michael Charlton hosts seven, one-hour programs filmed in more than 50 different parts of the world. This very unusual public television series combines the disciplines of history, science, archeology and economics in order to explore the relationship between technology and society. The American version of the Industrial Revolution provides one of the most remarkable chapters in the history of metals. The American people transformed nearly every aspect of daily life using new technology. This episode traces the exploitation of the New World's mineral riches and highlights the formation of the U.S. industrial heartland. Innovative Americans like Henry Ford spread the benefits of mass production around the world, introducing sky scrapers and an explosion of machinery and automation. (60 minutes) VHS Cover: http://imgur.com/clYilqT Disclaimer: This video series, produced in 1986 by Opus Films is shown here for Educational Purposes. It includes footage of cultures in India, China, Near East, etc. and ancient methods of manufacturing metals. It is hoped that this information is useful for archival and educational purposes to viewers all across the world. The video is provided here under the Fair Use policy.
Wales | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Wales Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Wales (Welsh: Cymru [ˈkəmri] ( listen)) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2 (8,023 sq mi). Wales has over 1,680 miles (2,700 km) of coastline and is largely mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon (Yr Wyddfa), its highest summit. The country lies within the north temperate zone and has a changeable, maritime climate. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr briefly restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century. The whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party. Welsh national feeling grew over the century; Plaid Cymru was formed in 1925 and the Welsh Language Society in 1962. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining and metallurgical industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation; the South Wales Coalfield's exploitation caused a rapid expansion of Wales' population. Two-thirds of the population live in South Wales, including Cardiff, Swansea, Newport and the nearby valleys. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector, light and service industries and tourism. Although Wales closely shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, and a majority of the population in most areas speaks English as a first language, the country has retained a distinct cultural identity and is officially bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, and the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west. From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the eisteddfod tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team. Rugby union is seen as a symbol of Welsh identity and an expression of national consciousness.
Views: 190 wikipedia tts
Out of the Fiery Furnace - Episode 3 - Shining Conquests
 
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From the Stone Age to the era of the silicon chip — metals and minerals have marked the milestones of our civilization. OUT OF THE FIERY FURNACE traces the story of civilization through the exploitation of metals, minerals and energy resources. Renowned radio and BBC television commentator Michael Charlton hosts seven, one-hour programs filmed in more than 50 different parts of the world. This very unusual public television series combines the disciplines of history, science, archeology and economics in order to explore the relationship between technology and society. Legends of the Golden Horn, the Golden Fleece and gold in the New World prove that this ( precious metal has sparked many of history’s greatest explorations and migrations. From the Renaissance, to the last century, to the creation of nations in the Southern Hemisphere, this episode examines the remarkable influence of precious metals on our history. (60 minutes) VHS Cover: http://imgur.com/aWPmETu Disclaimer: This video series, produced in 1986 by Opus Films is shown here for Educational Purposes. It includes footage of cultures in India, China, Near East, etc. and ancient methods of manufacturing metals. It is hoped that this information is useful for archival and educational purposes to viewers all across the world. The video is provided here under the Fair Use policy.
Author of "Infinite Resource" Ramez Naam | Singularity University
 
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Climate Change. Finite Fossil Fuels. Fresh Water Depletion. Ocean Acidification. Overpopulation. Deforestation. Feeding the World's Billions. Rising Commodity Prices. We're beset by an array of natural resource and environmental challenges. They pose a tremendous risk to human prosperity, to world peace, and to the planet itself. Yet, if we act, these problems are addressable. Throughout history we've overcome similar problems, but only when we've focused our energies on innovation. In this remarkable book, Ramez Naam charts a course to supercharge innovation by changing the rules of our economy that will lead the whole world to greater wealth and human well-being, even as we dodge looming resource crunches and reduce our impact on the planet. Subscribe: http://bit.ly/1Wq6gwm Connect with Singularity University: Website: http://singularityu.org Singularity Hub: http://singularityhub.com Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/singularityu Twitter: https://twitter.com/singularityu Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/company/singularity-university About Singularity University: Singularity University is a benefit corporation headquartered at NASA's research campus in Silicon Valley. We provide educational programs, innovative partnerships and a startup accelerator to help individuals, businesses, institutions, investors, NGOs and governments understand cutting-edge technologies, and how to utilize these technologies to positively impact billions of people.
United States  - Wiki
 
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The United States of America m r k USA commonly known as the United States U S or America is a constitutional federal republic composed of states a federal district five major self governing territ... Creative Commons 2.0 Wikipedia.com Beta Test
Views: 1794 Wiki for Blind
Napoleon III
 
02:42:40
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was the first President of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. However, when he was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a coup d'état in 1851, and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 17153 encyclopediacc
The River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the Sudan by Winston S. Churchill
 
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When the self-proclaimed Mahdi (“Guided One”) gathered Islamic forces and kicked the Anglo-Egyptians out of the Sudan, he unleashed a backlash. With the image of the heroic General Charles Gordon dying at Khartoum, the British public was ready to support a war to reclaim the lost territories. And when the political time was right, a British-Egyptian-Sudanese expedition led by the redoubtable Herbert Kitchener set out to do just that. The river involved was the Nile. For millennia, its annual flood has made habitable a slender strip, though hundreds of miles of deserts, between its tributaries and its delta. Through this desolate region, man and beast struggled to supply the bare essentials of life. Though this same region, the expedition had to find and defeat an enemy several times larger than itself. The young Churchill was hot to gain war experience to aid his career, and so he wangled a transfer to the 21st Lancers and participated in the last successful cavalry charge the world ever saw, in the climactic battle of Omdurman. He also had a position as war correspondent for the Morning Post, and on his return to England he used his notes to compose this book. Chapter 01. The Rebellion of the Mahdi - 00:00 Chapter 02. The Fate of the Envoy - 1:24:09 Chapter 03. The Dervish Empire - 2:45:41 Chapter 04. The Years of Preparation - 3:33:13 Chapter 05. The Beginning of the War - 4:15:26 Chapter 06. Firket - 5:00:59 Chapter 07. The Recovery of the Dongola Province - 5:21:57 Chapter 08. The Desert Railway - 6:15:20 Chapter 09. Abu Hamed - 7:04:52 Chapter 10. Berber - 7:46:23 Chapter 11. Reconaissance - 8:22:42 Chapter 12. The Battle of the Atbara - 8:52:56 Chapter 13. The Grand Advance - 9:21:50 Chapter 14. The Operations of the First of September - 9:50:47 Chapter 15. The Battle of Omdurman - 10:17:57 Chapter 16. The Fall of the City - 11:34:01 Chapter 17. The Fashoda Incident - 11:55:29 Chapter 18. On the Blue Nile - 12:28:57 Chapter 19. The End of the Khalifa - 13:12:58 Appendix - 13:54:27
Views: 4505 Audiobooks Unleashed
HSN | Be Jeweled with Bill and Connie 07.14.2015 - 6 PM
 
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Shop Be Jeweled on HSN.com http://goo.gl/8TBdlB Bill and Connie share their latest jewelry discoveries, exclusive collections and sparkling personalities. Watch every Tuesday 7pm ET and 4pm PT! Prices shown on the previously recorded video may not represent the current price. View hsn.com to view the current selling price.
Views: 148 HSN
Slave trade | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slave trade Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day. However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places.Slavery appears in the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c. 1860 BC), which refers to it as an established institution.Slavery is rare among hunter-gatherer populations, because it is developed as a system of social stratification. Slavery was known in the very first civilizations such as Sumer in Mesopotamia which dates back as far as 3500 BC. The Byzantine–Ottoman wars and the Ottoman wars in Europe resulted in the taking of large numbers of Christian slaves. Slavery became common within much of Europe during the Dark Ages and it continued into the Middle Ages. The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, British, Arabs and a number of West African kingdoms played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade, especially after 1600. David P. Forsythe wrote: "The fact remained that at the beginning of the nineteenth century an estimated three-quarters of all people alive were trapped in bondage against their will either in some form of slavery or serfdom." The Republic of Dubrovnik was the first European country to ban the slave trade in 1416, and in modern times Denmark-Norway in 1802. Although slavery is no longer legal anywhere in the world (with the exception of penal labour), human trafficking remains an international problem and an estimated 25-40 million people are enslaved today, the majority in Asia. During the 1983–2005 Second Sudanese Civil War people were taken into slavery. Evidence emerged in the late 1990s of systematic child slavery and trafficking on cacao plantations in West Africa; see the chocolate and slavery article. Slavery continues into the 21st-century. Although slavery in Mauritania was criminalized in August 2007, in Mauritania it is estimated that up to 600,000 men, women and children, or 20% of the population, are currently enslaved, many of them used as bonded labor. Slavery in 21st-century Islamism continues, and women and children have been abducted and enslaved (often as sex slaves) by Islamist quasi-states such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Boko Haram.
Views: 222 wikipedia tts
History of Germany | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Germany 00:06:46 1 Prehistory 00:08:00 2 Germanic tribes, 750 BC – 768 AD 00:08:13 2.1 Migration and conquest 00:11:16 2.2 Stem Duchies and Marches 00:12:56 2.3 Frankish Empire 00:16:44 3 Middle Ages 00:16:52 3.1 Foundation of the Holy Roman Empire 00:18:17 3.2 Otto the Great 00:20:54 3.3 Hanseatic League 00:21:36 3.4 Eastward expansion 00:22:10 3.5 Church and state 00:26:25 3.6 Change and reform 00:28:11 3.7 Towns and cities 00:30:00 3.8 Women 00:31:15 3.9 Science and culture 00:32:56 4 Early modern Germany 00:33:11 4.1 Reformation 00:35:56 4.2 Thirty Years War, 1618–1648 00:37:55 4.3 Culture and literacy 00:39:54 4.4 Science 00:40:53 5 1648–1815 00:41:58 5.1 Wars 00:44:14 5.2 Smaller states 00:46:45 5.3 Nobility 00:47:38 5.4 Peasants and rural life 00:50:59 5.5 Bourgeois values spread to rural Germany 00:52:39 5.6 Enlightenment 00:55:39 5.6.1 Women 00:56:50 5.7 French Revolution, 1789–1815 01:00:44 6 1815–1867 01:00:55 6.1 Overview 01:01:53 6.2 German Confederation 01:02:50 6.3 Society and economy 01:02:59 6.3.1 Population 01:04:19 6.3.2 Industrialization 01:05:54 6.3.3 Urbanization 01:07:00 6.3.4 Railways 01:08:46 6.3.5 Newspapers and magazines 01:09:51 6.3.6 Science and culture 01:12:27 6.3.7 Religion 01:15:35 6.4 Politics of restoration and revolution 01:15:45 6.4.1 After Napoleon 01:17:43 6.4.2 1848 01:18:32 6.4.3 1850s 01:19:12 6.4.4 Bismarck takes charge, 1862–1866 01:21:13 6.4.5 North German Federation, 1866–1871 01:21:54 7 German Empire, 1871–1918 01:22:06 7.1 Overview 01:23:53 7.2 Age of Bismarck 01:24:01 7.2.1 The new empire 01:27:33 7.2.2 Classes 01:27:41 7.2.2.1 Aristocracy 01:29:50 7.2.2.2 Middle class 01:30:35 7.2.2.3 Working class 01:31:52 7.2.3 Kulturkampf 01:34:14 7.2.4 Foreign policy 01:37:06 7.3 Wilhelminian Era 01:37:14 7.3.1 Wilhelm II. 01:38:08 7.3.2 Alliances and diplomacy 01:41:05 7.3.3 Economy 01:43:20 7.3.4 Women 01:44:33 7.3.5 Colonies 01:45:24 7.4 World War I 01:45:33 7.4.1 Causes 01:47:13 7.4.2 Western Front 01:48:17 7.4.3 Eastern Front 01:49:13 7.4.4 1918 01:50:01 7.5 Homefront 01:51:17 7.6 Revolution 1918 01:54:40 8 Weimar Republic, 1919–1933 01:54:52 8.1 Overview 01:56:08 8.2 The early years 01:59:27 8.3 Reparations 02:00:47 8.4 Economic collapse and political problems, 1929–1933 02:02:58 8.5 Science and culture 02:04:48 9 Nazi Germany, 1933–1945 02:06:25 9.1 Establishment of the Nazi regime 02:10:20 9.2 Antisemitism and the Holocaust 02:12:30 9.3 Military 02:13:23 9.4 Women 02:15:27 9.5 Foreign policy 02:18:01 9.6 World War II 02:20:34 10 Germany during the Cold War, 1945–1990 02:21:45 10.1 Post-war chaos 02:26:02 10.2 East Germany 02:30:08 10.3 West Germany (Bonn Republic) 02:31:10 10.3.1 Economic miracle 02:32:28 10.3.2 1948 currency reform 02:34:38 10.3.3 Adenauer 02:35:34 10.3.4 Erhard 02:37:26 10.3.5 Grand coalition 02:38:06 10.3.6 Guest workers 02:39:09 10.3.7 Brandt and Ostpolitik 02:40:33 10.3.8 Economic crisis of 1970s 02:43:13 10.4 Kohl 02:43:59 10.5 Reunification 02:45:13 11 Federal Republic of Germany, 1990–present 02:45:24 11.1 Schröder 02:46:21 11.2 Merkel 02:49:01 12 Historiography 02:49:10 12.1 Sonderweg debate 02:50:38 13 See also 02:50:47 14 Notes 02:50:55 14.1 Footnotes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9630936642269607 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The concept of Germany as a distinct region in central Europe can be traced to Roman commander Julius Caesar, who referred to the unconquered area east of the Rhine as Germania, thus distinguishing it from Gaul (France), which he had conquered. The victory of the Germanic tribes in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest (AD 9) prevented annexation by the Roman Empire, although the Roman provinces of Germania Superior and Germania Inferior were established along the Rhine. Following the Fall of the Western Roman Empire, the Franks conqu ...
Views: 169 wikipedia tts
Victorian era | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Victorian era Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. In terms of moral sensibilities and political reforms, this period began with the passage of the Reform Act 1832. There was a strong religious drive for higher moral standards led by the nonconformist churches, such as the Methodist, and the Evangelical wing of the established Church of England. Britain had relatively peaceful relations with the other Great Powers, excepting during the Crimean War; the Pax Britannica was maintained by the country's naval supremacy and industrial supremacy. Britain embarked on global imperial expansion, particularly in Asia and Africa, which made the British Empire the largest empire in history. National self-confidence peaked.Ideologically, the Victorian era witnessed resistance to the rationalism that defined the Georgian period and an increasing turn towards romanticism and even mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and arts.Domestically, the political agenda was increasingly liberal, with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform, industrial reform, and the widening of the franchise. There were unprecedented demographic changes: the population of England and Wales almost doubled from 16.8 million in 1851 to 30.5 million in 1901, and Scotland's population also rose rapidly, from 2.8 million in 1851 to 4.4 million in 1901. However, Ireland's population decreased sharply, from 8.2 million in 1841 to less than 4.5 million in 1901, mostly due to emigration and the Great Famine. Between 1837 and 1901 about 15 million emigrated from Great Britain, mostly to the United States, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia.The two main political parties during the era remained the Whigs/Liberals and the Conservatives; by its end, the Labour Party had formed as a distinct political entity. These parties were led by such prominent statesmen as Lord Melbourne, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Derby, Lord Palmerston, Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladstone, and Lord Salisbury. The unsolved problems relating to Irish Home Rule played a great part in politics in the later Victorian era, particularly in view of Gladstone's determination to achieve a political settlement in Ireland.
Views: 89 wikipedia tts
Courroie de distribution : Les conseils de nos garagistes / Top Entretien #4  (avec Denis Brogniart)
 
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Souvent ignorée par les automobilistes, la courroie de distribution est pourtant un élément essentiel de la motorisation d'un véhicule. Véritable chef d'orchestre, elle permet de synchroniser plusieurs éléments dans le moteur, en particulier le vilebrequin, la pompe à injection et les arbres à cames. Sans elle, le véhicule ne pourrait tout simplement pas avancer. Il convient donc de faire régulièrement vérifier sa distribution par un garagiste agréé en tenant compte des préconisations du constructeur. La courroie de distribution est l'un des éléments les plus sollicités de votre motorisation. Elle présente à ce titre des risques d'usure importants. Au moindre signe de dysfonctionnement, les garagistes Top Garage sauront déterminer dans les meilleurs délais la cause du problème et remplacer la pièce fautive. Le changement de la courroie est une procédure longue – elle dure en général plus de 4 heures – qui nécessite le recours à des professionnels auto formés et agréés. En utilisant un outillage spécifique, nos garagistes se chargeront du remplacement de votre courroie en respectant les tensions et le montage d'origine. Le cas échéant, ils pourront également remplacer les galets. La fréquence de révision varie en fonction des constructeurs. Elle doit généralement être effectuée tous les 5 ans, ou 150 000 kilomètres, ou après le remplacement d'un joint de culasse ou de la pompe à eau. Pourquoi est-il important de faire vérifier sa distribution ? Une courroie de distribution en bon état garantit le refroidissement de votre moteur et l'alternance des phases d'admission et d'échappement. Devant l'apparition d'un crissement suspect ou la découverte d'une fuite d'huile, il est fortement recommandé de faire appel à l'expertise d'un professionnel de l'automobile. Pour trouver un garage auto à proximité de chez vous, c'est ici : www.top-garage.fr Si vous souhaitez en savoir plus sur la distribution automobile, rendez-vous sur notre page dédiée : www.top-garage.fr/service/distribution
Views: 83167 Top Garage
Timeline of United States inventions (before 1890) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Timeline of United States inventions (before 1890) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A timeline of United States inventions (before 1890) encompasses the ingenuity and innovative advancements of the United States within a historical context, dating from the Colonial Period to the Gilded Age, which have been achieved by inventors who are either native-born or naturalized citizens of the United States. Copyright protection secures a person's right to his or her first-to-invent claim of the original invention in question, highlighted in Article I, Section 8, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution, which gives the following enumerated power to the United States Congress: In 1641, the first patent in North America was issued to Samuel Winslow by the General Court of Massachusetts for a new method of making salt. On April 10, 1790, President George Washington signed the Patent Act of 1790 (1 Stat. 109) into law proclaiming that patents were to be authorized for "any useful art, manufacture, engine, machine, or device, or any improvement therein not before known or used". On July 31, 1790, Samuel Hopkins of Pittsford, Vermont became the first person in the United States to file and to be granted a patent for an improved method of "Making Pot and Pearl Ashes". The Patent Act of 1836 (Ch. 357, 5 Stat. 117) further clarified United States patent law to the extent of establishing a patent office where patent applications are filed, processed, and granted, contingent upon the language and scope of the claimant's invention, for a patent term of 14 years with an extension of up to an additional 7 years. However, the Uruguay Round Agreements Act of 1994 (URAA) changed the patent term in the United States to a total of 20 years, effective for patent applications filed on or after June 8, 1995, thus bringing United States patent law further into conformity with international patent law. The modern-day provisions of the law applied to inventions are laid out in Title 35 of the United States Code (Ch. 950, sec. 1, 66 Stat. 792). From 1836 to 2011, the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has granted a total of 7,861,317 patents relating to several well-known inventions appearing throughout the timeline below.
Views: 230 wikipedia tts
United States  - Wiki
 
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The United States of America USA commonly known as the United States U S or America is a constitutional federal republic composed of states a federal district five major self governing territories ... Creative Commons 2.0 Wikipedia.com Beta Test
Views: 2194 Wiki for Blind
mining equipment used during gold rush
 
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More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html Hydraulic mining - Wikipedia... came about in the 1850s during the California Gold Rush in the United ... Hydraulic mining was also used during the Australian gold rushes where it was called ...gold mining equipment during the gold rushgold prospecting equipment - Gold Rush Trading PostHuge selection of gold prospecting equipment and gold mining equipment. Get out there and get your share of the gold.What tools and equipment did the miners in the gold rush …What tools and equipment did the miners in ... Diggers in the gold rush used the following equipment ... Windlass was one of the slower methods of mining for gold.mining equipment used during gold rush - …What tools and equipment did the miners in the gold rush use. Diggers in the gold rushes (Australian and American) used the following equipment and methods to find ...mining equipment used during gold rush - …Know More ... During the Australian gold rush what methods were used? Diggers in the gold rush used the following equipment and methods to find gold Some of these ...Gold Rush Trading Post - Gold Prospecting and EquipmentOffers a large selection of prospecting equipment, spiral panners, metal detectors, gold pans and the Woodman's Pal tool.Gold Prospecting Equipment - Gold Rush Trading PostHuge selection of gold prospecting equipment and gold mining equipment. ... Gold Prospecting Equipment : ... much easier than it was during the Gold Rush days ...Summary of Gold Mining Techniques inThis allows excavation equipment to move along ... per ounce from 1792 until the 1930s during the ... Mining & Economic Development in Gold Rush ...Gold Mining Supplies Used During The Gold RushTranscript of Types of Mining used during the Klondike Gold Rush. Posts Related to 1848 gold mining supplies tools equipment shelters ... Jaw crusher is the most ...Types Of Mining During The Gold Rush - …Gold Rush: 1848–1860: Mining Techniques Picture This. A study of the mining techniques used during the California Gold Rush reveals more than just information of ...Tools Used In The California Gold Rush - historyrocketTools Used In The California Gold Rush When James Wilson Marshall discovered a small pea shaped yellow metal glittering in the American River, little did he realizeMSI Mining - MSI Mining EquipmentMSI' Mining has gold mining equipment for sale and is being used in gold ... Our equipment has been featured on the Discovery Channel's Gold Rush Alaska on ...Types of Gold Mining Equipment - Gold Rush NuggetsTypes of Gold Mining Equipment. ... The content of this website may not be used without written permission from Gold Rush Nuggets. ...Early Gold Mining Methods - Sierra Foothill MagazineEarly Gold Mining Methods . Miners during the early Gold Rush years wanted only one thing: gold. They didn’t care about elegance, craft or aesthetics.mining equipment used during gold rush - …mining equipment used during gold rush - Panning For Gold During The Gold Rush Gold Prospecting Equipment... The pictures of tools used during …Gold Rush: 1848–1860: Mining Techniques Picture ThisA study of the mining techniques used during the California Gold Rush reveals more than just information of how to extract gold from the earth. The various types of ...mining technologies used during california gold rush ...Jun 22, 2013· Mining Equipment mining technologies used during california ... mining technologies used during california gold rush. ... in new equipment for mining ...mining equipment used during gold rush - penzion …mining equipment used during gold rush. Gold Rush New Georgia Encyclopedia. There are several popular stories of the beginning of Georgia's gold rush; ...early methods of mining of gold - Visit us for info on the success of early gold mining ... of sophisticated mining equipment meant ... most commonly used mining method during the gold rush era.different types of gold mining and machinery used during ...Our different types of gold mining and machinery used during the california gold rush Keep up with the latest news, tips and features right here!The-great-Australian-Gold-Rush - Tools and techniques …Tools used to mine gold during the Gold Rush ? During the gold rush period, miners used different tools and techniques to mine for gold. Panning – was a simple ...gold mining supplies used during the gold rushmining equiptment used during the gold rush images of gold mining equipment used during go
Views: 15 Lillie8 Rogers115
Sydney | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:43:32
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sydney 00:03:53 1 History 00:04:02 1.1 First inhabitants 00:05:56 1.2 Establishment of the colony 00:10:29 1.2.1 Conflicts 00:12:01 1.3 Modern development 00:12:10 1.3.1 19th century 00:14:20 1.3.2 20th century–present 00:18:01 2 Geography 00:18:10 2.1 Topography 00:19:42 2.2 Geology 00:20:43 2.3 Ecology 00:21:57 2.4 Climate 00:26:10 3 Regions 00:26:47 3.1 Inner suburbs 00:29:20 3.1.1 Inner West 00:30:41 3.2 Eastern suburbs 00:32:43 3.3 Southern Sydney 00:33:50 3.4 Northern suburbs 00:36:24 3.5 Hills district 00:37:26 3.6 Western suburbs 00:40:28 4 Urban structure 00:40:37 4.1 Architecture 00:45:52 4.2 Housing 00:48:24 4.3 Parks and open spaces 00:50:43 5 Economy 00:53:06 5.1 Corporate citizens 00:53:52 5.2 Domestic economics 00:57:26 5.3 Financial services 00:59:25 5.4 Manufacturing 01:00:30 5.5 Tourism and international education 01:02:39 6 Demographics 01:06:05 7 Culture 01:06:13 7.1 Science, art, and history 01:08:26 7.2 Entertainment 01:13:09 7.3 Religion 01:14:04 7.4 Media 01:16:00 8 Sport and outdoor activities 01:20:59 9 Government 01:21:08 9.1 Historical governance 01:22:59 9.2 Government in the present 01:25:46 10 Infrastructure 01:25:55 10.1 Education 01:28:51 10.2 Health 01:30:59 10.3 Transport 01:37:07 10.4 Environmental issues and pollution reduction 01:40:08 10.5 Utilities 01:42:02 11 Sister cities 01:43:06 12 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Sydney ( (listen)) is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, and Macarthur to the south. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326.Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, and it remains one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites, with thousands of engravings located throughout the region. In 1770, during his first Pacific voyage in the Endeavour, Lieutenant James Cook, after leaving Botany Bay, saw the entrance to Port Jackson, but sailed past and did not enter the inlet. In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, were the first recorded Europeans to sail into Port Jackson. Here they founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city "Sydney" in recognition of Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, and over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney and about 40 percent of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 36% of the population reported having been born overseas.Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities. It is classified as an Alpha World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, manufacturing and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the U ...
Views: 78 wikipedia tts
Napoleon III | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:15:53
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Napoleon III Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Napoleon III (born Charles-Louis Napoléon Bonaparte; 20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the Emperor of the French from 1852 to 1870 and, as Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte, the President of France from 1848 to 1852. He was the only president of the French Second Republic and the founder of the Second French Empire. The nephew and heir of Napoleon I, he was the first head of state of France to hold the title of president, the first elected by a direct popular vote and the youngest until the election of Emmanuel Macron in 2017. Barred by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a self-coup d'état in 1851 and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of his uncle's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution. His downfall was brought about by the Franco-Prussian War in which France was quickly and decisively defeated by the North German Confederation, led by Prussia. During the first years of the Empire, Napoleon's government imposed censorship and harsh repressive measures against his opponents. Some six thousand were imprisoned or sent to penal colonies until 1859. Thousands more went into voluntary exile abroad, including Victor Hugo. From 1862 onwards, he relaxed government censorship and his regime came to be known as the "Liberal Empire". Many of his opponents returned to France and became members of the National Assembly.Napoleon III commissioned the grand reconstruction of Paris, carried out by his prefect of the Seine, Baron Haussmann. He launched similar public works projects in Marseille, Lyon and other French cities. Napoleon III modernized the French banking system, greatly expanded and consolidated the French railway system and made the French merchant marine the second largest in the world. He promoted the building of the Suez Canal and established modern agriculture, which ended famines in France and made France an agricultural exporter. Napoleon III negotiated the 1860 Cobden–Chevalier free trade agreement with Britain and similar agreements with France's other European trading partners. Social reforms included giving French workers the right to strike and the right to organize. Women's education greatly expanded as did the list of required subjects in public schools.In foreign policy, Napoleon III aimed to reassert French influence in Europe and around the world. He was a supporter of popular sovereignty and of nationalism. In Europe, he allied with Britain and defeated Russia in the Crimean War (1853–56). His regime assisted Italian unification and in doing so annexed Savoy and the County of Nice to France—at the same time, his forces defended the Papal States against annexation by Italy. Napoleon doubled the area of the French overseas empire in Asia, the Pacific and Africa. His army's intervention in Mexico which aimed to create a Second Mexican Empire under French protection ended in failure. From 1866, Napoleon had to face the mounting power of Prussia as Chancellor Otto von Bismarck sought German unification under Prussian leadership. In July 1870, Napoleon entered the Franco-Prussian War without allies and with inferior military forces. The French army was rapidly defeated and Napoleon III was captured at the Battle of Sedan. The Third Republic was proclaimed in Paris and Napoleon went into exile in England, where he died in 1873.
Views: 146 wikipedia tts
United States of America | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:47
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States of America Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 moon landing. The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower.The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. It is a federal republic and a representative democracy, "in which majority rule is tempered by minority rights protected by law". The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States (OAS), and other international organizations. The United States is a highly developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for approximately a quarter of global GDP. The U.S. economy is largely post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, t ...
Views: 110 wikipedia tts
Sydney | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:41:19
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sydney Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Sydney ( (listen)) is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, and Macarthur to the south. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,131,326.Indigenous Australians have inhabited the Sydney area for at least 30,000 years, and it remains one of the richest in Australia in terms of Aboriginal archaeological sites, with thousands of engravings located throughout the region. In 1770, during his first Pacific voyage in the Endeavour, Lieutenant James Cook, after leaving Botany Bay, saw the entrance to Port Jackson, but sailed past and did not enter the inlet. In 1788, the First Fleet of convicts, led by Arthur Phillip, were the first recorded Europeans to sail into Port Jackson. Here they founded Sydney as a British penal colony, the first European settlement in Australia. Phillip named the city "Sydney" in recognition of Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney. Penal transportation to New South Wales ended soon after Sydney was incorporated as a city in 1842. A gold rush occurred in the colony in 1851, and over the next century, Sydney transformed from a colonial outpost into a major global cultural and economic centre. After World War II, it experienced mass migration and became one of the most multicultural cities in the world. At the time of the 2011 census, more than 250 different languages were spoken in Sydney and about 40 percent of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Furthermore, 36% of the population reported having been born overseas.Despite being one of the most expensive cities in the world, the 2018 Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranks Sydney tenth in the world in terms of quality of living, making it one of the most livable cities. It is classified as an Alpha World City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network, indicating its influence in the region and throughout the world. Ranked eleventh in the world for economic opportunity, Sydney has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, manufacturing and tourism. There is a significant concentration of foreign banks and multinational corporations in Sydney and the city is promoted as one of Asia Pacific's leading financial hubs. Established in 1850, the University of Sydney is Australia's first university and is regarded as one of the world's leading universities. Sydney is also home to the oldest library in Australia, State Library of New South Wales, opened in 1826.Sydney has hosted major international sporting events such as the 2000 Summer Olympics. The city is among the top fifteen most-visited cities in the world, with millions of tourists coming each year to see the city's landmarks. Boasting over 1,000,000 ha (2,500,000 acres) of nature reserves and parks, its notable natural features include Sydney Harbour, the Royal National Park, Royal Botanic Garden and Hyde Park, the oldest parkland in the country. Built attractions such as the Sydney Harbour Bridge and the World Heritage-listed Sydney Opera House are also well known to international visitors. The main passenger airport serving the metropolitan area is Kingsford-Smith Airport, one of the world's oldest continually operating airports. Established in 1906, Central station, the largest and busiest railway station in the state, is the main hub of the city's rail network.
Views: 90 wikipedia tts
That photoshop teacher might be a North Korea Fanatic
 
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The idea for it came up while watching an surprisingly uninformative yet somewhat entertaining tutorial video on "Adobe TV". I got there by coincidence while being on a search for (guess what?) Photoshop Tutorials which ideally would expand my knowledge. After all I can say that I wasn't able to do the INCONCEIVABLE, ENHANCING MY ENDLESS EXPERTISE IN PS, however my imagination got inspired by the video, leading me to do this! If you think you got what it takes make yet another "That photoshop teacher might be a [insert random word]", feel free to download the "Photoshop Guy Pack", it includes the layers I made use of, an After Effects project file and the original video. If you are acquainted with AE, you can easily do such a video in less than 2 minutes! https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B6HgxTg8OTQDYmRTdjBYWGNDSFE/edit?usp=sharing What are you still waiting for? Download the file and play with the files inside! Tell us in the comments if you have done a "That photoshop teacher might be a [insert random word]" yourself! Link to the "Adobe TV" original video (which is somewhat useless) http://tv.adobe.com/watch/learn-photoshop-cc/selection-101/ by "Andy Anderson" (who has a cute voice, most audible at "Completely" 1:14) Subsribe to OTTER DIMENSIONÌ: http://goo.gl/aJgpVl FictionSourcé Channel: http://goo.gl/yItx8u Remember to download the files!!!!!!! Swaaaaaaaaababababababa
Views: 44757 Otter Dimension Videos
United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:57
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United States 00:04:39 1 Etymology 00:08:02 2 History 00:08:11 2.1 Indigenous peoples and pre-Columbian history 00:10:36 2.2 European settlements 00:15:56 2.2.1 Effects on and interaction with native populations 00:17:45 2.3 Independence and expansion (1776–1865) 00:22:27 2.4 Civil War and Reconstruction era 00:25:50 2.5 Further immigration, expansion, and industrialization 00:28:11 2.6 World War I, Great Depression, and World War II 00:31:01 2.7 Cold War and civil rights era 00:34:34 2.8 Contemporary history 00:39:02 3 Geography, climate, and environment 00:43:37 3.1 Wildlife 00:45:29 4 Demographics 00:45:38 4.1 Population 00:51:40 4.2 Language 00:53:39 4.3 Religion 00:58:01 4.4 Family structure 00:59:41 4.5 Health 01:03:08 4.6 Education 01:05:10 5 Government and politics 01:09:03 5.1 Political divisions 01:10:53 5.2 Parties and elections 01:13:08 5.3 Foreign relations 01:15:45 5.4 Government finance 01:20:00 5.5 Military 01:22:44 6 Law enforcement and crime 01:28:25 7 Economy 01:33:58 7.1 Science and technology 01:37:06 7.2 Income, poverty and wealth 01:41:57 8 Infrastructure 01:42:06 8.1 Transportation 01:44:31 8.2 Energy 01:45:34 8.3 Water supply and sanitation 01:46:12 9 Culture 01:48:32 9.1 Food 01:50:40 9.2 Literature, philosophy, and visual art 01:54:39 9.3 Music 01:56:19 9.4 Cinema 01:59:09 9.5 Sports 02:01:28 9.6 Mass media 02:04:34 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million km2), the United States is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area and slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles (10.1 million km2). With a population of over 325 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century. The United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, and the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776. The war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. The United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, and gradually admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery. By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, and its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power. The United States emer ...
Views: 66 wikipedia tts
ISLANDE DE GLACE et de FEU
 
08:28
Ce diaporama est composé de photos prises en 2012, lors d'un voyage en Islande, je suis partie en avion avec un vol low cost, et j'ai parcouru ce pays merveilleux avec mon sac à dos, en utilisant les bus qui le sillonnent j'y est retrouvé mes amis. Tous ces paysages sont gravés dans ma mémoire, que d"émotions devant la puissance, la beauté et la pureté des éléments. La distance qui nous sépare du monde subtil semble ici s'effacer. La vie est partout, dans le cœur de ses volcans, recouverts de leurs glaciers pour calmer le feu qui les anime, dans ces cascades majestueuses qui charrient dans un grondement d'une puissance inouïe l'eau de la fonte des glaces, dans les fumerolles, dans ces geysers qui explosent en larmes brûlantes, et cette odeur de soufre qui vous envahit... La nature y est en perpétuelle création. Je tenais à remercier de tout cœur Est motorcycles qui a dynamisé ce voyage.
Views: 615 Catherine Coulon