Energy resources have been a very important contribution in the development of human civilization. the changing times, uses of energy also change. now we use petroleum energy, coal power, gas energy, solar energy and electricity. But do you know how the stores of gas and petroleum energy are used, which we use most. And why are they deeper than water in the ground floor? How is petroleum and gas formed and how long does it take?
how to find the oil and gas under the sea and the ground? And why are they found in deep depth in the land? How you made? And how long does it take? also know which places where oil and gas are found in India?
it is very expensive to find oil and gas, so it is very important for the searchers to find out where the oil and gas are present.
how the oil and gas formed inside the earth or how?
crude oil and natural gas is formed in millions of years by the destruction of vegetation and marine life and chemical processes inside the Earth.
why oil and gas are also lower than water?
oil and gas are found in Arab countries such as Iraq and Iran. because there is no water in the ground. Whereas in a country like India, due to high levels of water, oil and gas are found in deep depth.
how to find oil and gas under ground or under sea water?
The data that is received after this is analyzed with the help of a super computer by the geologist. Which shows how much gas and oil reserves are available on any exploration site. After this, crude oil and gas mines / wells are dug at that place.
In India, the work of data analysis is sent to a lab located in Hyderabad. There it is decided that there is no oil and gas and if so how much quantity? And in the same year, the government has approved to explore the reserves of oil and gas in the Siwan district of Bihar. is called "Seismic Exploration". With the help of this technology, the beginning of finding oil and gas started after 1859.
Seismic waves are left in the water to help find oil and gas in the water. rock, oil and gas and hit back with the seismometer / hydrophones in the ship. This data is collected and here the geological analyzes of this data with the help of supercomputer. After which they find out the amount of gas and oil reserves present in the amount. The process of extracting oil and gas is started at the same place.
How long does it take to search for oil and gas?
entire process takes about a year.
You will be impressed by knowing that with the help of this technology, bats search for their prey, and by this technique, the doctor gathers information about the health of the child born in the womb.
If the geologist's estimation of some place goes wrong, then the refining company may have to suffer a loss of millions of rupees.
Now we will know the history of oil and gas in India.
oil was extracted from Assam alone, but after that excavation of mineral oil was started in Gujarat and Bombay High. Oil and gas are found below the ground and under the water of the sea, which we talked about, today 26 such basins have been traced in India, from which there is adequate possibilities of getting oil and gas.
In the state of Gujarat, Khambhat and Ankleshwar are important areas, whereas the oil sector is expanding at places like Navangaon, Kosamba, Sunnd river valley, Kadi, Olpad, Hardana, Dholka, Mihasana and Kallol. Oil was excavated in 1958 for the first time in the Khambhat oil field. Oil has been detected in Eliabet Island, 45 km away from Bhavnagar in Saurashtra. According to the Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Gujarat has 500 million tonnes of oil reserves.
Bombay High area is spreading about 2,000 sq km away from the coast of Maharashtra, which is also an important oil field, from which oil is being received since 1976. Currently, mineral oil is being excavated from Godavari river valley area. It is estimated that 1250 million tonnes of oil reserves are available here.
Assam Valley is India's most important and ancient oil field. Here the first year was discovered in 1837 by an officer in the oil. Here, about 800 oil wells have been digested in Digboi, the major oil fields of the region, in which Bappa Pang, Piatola, Haspapang etc. are very important. Apart from this, oil is also extracted in Badharpur and Patharia in the valley of Naharkitia, Hargiyan-Moran and Surma river. In total, total 500 million tonnes of oil reserves are estimated to be in Assam.
The Sunderban region of West Bengal, Kisanganj and Raxaul areas in Bihar, Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Barmer districts in Rajasthan, the area of the Kaveri river valley and the Bay of Gulf and the Andaman Nicobar islands.
The first mineral oil refinery in India was established in 1901 in Digboi, which used only 5 percent of the total demand of India till independence. But at present, the total number of refineries of mineral oil is 14, which yields only 17% of India's total demand.