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How Africa is Becoming China's China
 
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Start learning with Brilliant for free at http://Brilliant.org/Wendover The first 200 to sign up for a premium account with that link will also get 20% off. Check out my personal channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDA1X6RrhzZQOHOGvC3KsWg Get the Wendover Productions t-shirt: https://standard.tv/collections/wendover-productions/products/wendover-productions-shirt Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: [email protected] Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Simon Buckmaster Special thanks to Patreon supporters James McIntosh, Braam Snyman, Harry Handel, KyQuan Phong, Kelly J Knight, Robin Pulkkinen, Sheldon Zhao, Nader Farzan, James Hughes, Ken Lee, Victor Zimmer, Dylan Benson, Simenn Nerlier, Donald, Etienne Dechamps, Qui Le, Chris Barker, Andrew J Thom, Keith Bopp, Alec M Watson, Chris Allen, John & Becki Johnston, Connor J Smith, Arkadiy Kulev, Eyal Matsliah, Joseph Bull, Hank Green, and Plinio Correa Otjivero Dam footage courtesy Drone Visions Namibia Music by http://epidemicsound.com
Views: 4701339 Wendover Productions
Top 10 Poorest Countries in The World 2018 By GDP Per Capita
 
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► Please Remember to Subscribe! ► https://goo.gl/P5ZUPk ► Follow me on Twitter: https://goo.gl/el5pYm ► Facebook: https://goo.gl/XflDvj ----------------------------------------­----- Top 10 Poorest Countries in The World 2018 The richest countries have one thing in common, a proper and well established political environment supported by clear legislations, a corrupt-free government, and a strong judicial system. While these factors are only a drop in the ocean regarding what makes a country economically successful, the poorest countries in the world get these factors all wrong. While the availability of natural resources is the foundation of an economically robust country, utilising the resources well is a whole other aspect. This is not civic education 101, so we will get straight to the point and list the countries yet to realise self-actualisation. Here are the top 10 poorest countries in the world as of 2018. 10. Madagascar – $1477 9. Guinea – $1388 8. Eritrea – $1210 7. Mozambique – $1208 6. Niger – $1069 5. Burundi – $951 4. Liberia – $934 3. Malawi – $819 2. The Democratic Republic of Congo – $753 1. Central African Republic – $636 ----------------------------------------­----- Music: https://soundcloud.com/a-himitsu https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgFwu-j5-xNJml2FtTrrB3A ----------------------------------------­----- Thanks for watching!
Views: 608600 World Top 10
Geography Now! LESOTHO (HALF WAY DONE SPECIAL!)
 
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No humid jungles nor dry hot deserts here. Get your blankets because it's about to get CHILLY...AFRICA style! Welcome to LESOTHO! Check out http://www.GeographyNow.com ! You asked for merch so we made it for you! We now have a Public mailbox too! Feel free to send anything via mail! Our public mailbox address is: 1905 N Wilcox ave, #432 Los Angeles CA, 90068 SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/1Os7W46 BTS info and tidbits? Check out the Facebook fan page: https://www.facebook.com/GeographyNowFanpage/?fref=ts Twitter: https://twitter.com/geographynow Instagram: http://instagram.com/GeographyNow_Official Become a patron! Donate to help pay for production of GN includin Ken's salary. You also get exclusive BTS footage, pics/ and access to other perks! Go to: http://patreon.com/GeographyNow WATCH MORE: Countries A to Z: http://bit.ly/1T8Z9JY Europe: http://bit.ly/1YoRaIB ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Welcome to Geography Now! This is the first and only Youtube Channel that actively attempts to cover profiles on every single country of the world. We are going to do them alphabetically so be patient if you are waiting for one that's down the road. CONTACT US if you are from a country that is coming up! Teach us! Email: [email protected] Stay cool Stay tuned and remember, this is Earth, your home. Learn about it.
Views: 469787 Geography Now
Underground LSD Palace
 
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Watch the VICE feature on Fentanyl: The Drug Deadlier than Heroin: http://bit.ly/2aB2Ead For more episodes of Hamilton's Pharmacopeia, click here: http://bit.ly/1p4lfu9 Former goth stripper Krystle Cole talks about her time spent living in a subterranean missile silo converted into a luxurious LSD manufacturing facility. She spent three years of her life running from the DEA, being held partially against her will and used as a guinea pig for strange new psychedelic chemicals. Eventually her friends-turned-captors were arrested and Krystle herself barely escaped incarceration. She now makes her living as a writer, sharing her experiences in books and on the web. Check out Krystle's channel here: http://www.youtube.com/user/NeuroSoup Watch more VICE documentaries here: http://bit.ly/VICE-Documentaries Subscribe for videos that are actually good: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://www.youtube.com/user/vice/videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 15227580 VICE
Défis et réformes dans la gouvernance de l'exploitation minière en Guinée
 
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Avec Marie-Joséphine Nsengiyumva du Natural Resource Governance Institute et Raphaël Gnambalamou du Ministère des Mines et de la Géologie en Guinée-Conakry. Filmé dans le cadre du cours “Inverser la malédiction des ressources: théorie et pratique” en avril 2016. Challenges and Reforms in Guinea’s Mining Governance With Marie-Joséphine Nsengiyumva of the Natural Resource Governance Institute and Raphaël Gnambalamou from the Ministry of Mines and Geology in Guinea. Filmed at the course Reversing the Resource Curse: Theory and Practice in April 2016.
RiceAdvice: Decision support tool by AfricaRice for African rice farmers
 
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What is RiceAdvice? RiceAdvice is a decision support tool for providing farmers with field-specific management guidelines for rice production systems in Africa. It is an interactive tool, and the guidelines are generated based on farmers' answers to multiple choice questions on crop management practices and market. Expected users include farmers, extension workers, private rice sectors, development agencies in Africa who are interested in advice for rice production. RiceAdvice can be used on Android devices (version 4.0.3 and up), such as smart phones and tablet computers. Although RiceAdvice can be largely used without any internet connection, an active connection is required from time to time to be able to synchronize information with the database server. RiceAdvice is a free decision support application (app) for providing farmers with field-specific management guidelines. It is an interactive tool, which generates the recommendations based on farmers’ answers to around 20 questions including: • Location • Season • Rice growing environment • Water supply level • Crop management practices • Rice variety • Typical rice yield • Crop rotation • Organic input • Fertilizer which farmers already have • List of fertilizers available in the local market and their price • Paddy price Who can use it and where? Farmers, extension workers, private sector, and development agencies having smartphone or tablet with android device (version 3.0 and up). Target conditions are irrigated and favorable rainfed rice. Not recommended to use in locations where drought/flooding risk is high. Currently RiceAdvice is available for Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, DR Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, The Gambia, Togo and Uganda. Please check the locations on the map available at https://www.riceadvice.info/en/ to check where RiceAdvice has been tested. It is noted that field testing was not completed in all the countries above. In those countries and locations which RiceAdvice was not tested, do not use this tool for your field or farmers’ fields before its validation. If you are willing to test the tool by yourself or with farmers, please contact us (email to [email protected] ). Guidance RiceAdvice website: https://www.riceadvice.info/en/ RiceAdvice in Google play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.cocapacity.rice RiceAdvice Installation Guide: http://www.slideshare.net/riceadvice Further help with using RiceAdvice, please send an email to [email protected] For more information, please contact Dr Kazuki Saito. [email protected] Video credit : Savitri Mohapatra, R. Raman, AfricaRice
Views: 488 africaricecenter
World Bank Group
 
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The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to poor countries. It is the largest and most famous development bank in the world and is an observer at the United Nations Development Group. The bank is based in Washington, D.C. and provided around $30 billion in loans and assistance to "developing" and transition countries in 2012. The bank's stated mission is to reduce poverty. The World Bank's (the IBRD and IDA's) activities are focused on developing countries, in fields such as human development (e.g. education, health), agriculture and rural development (e.g. irrigation and rural services), environmental protection (e.g. pollution reduction, establishing and enforcing regulations), infrastructure (e.g. roads, urban regeneration, and electricity), large industrial construction projects, and governance (e.g. anti-corruption, legal institutions development). The IBRD and IDA provide loans at preferential rates to member countries, as well as grants to the poorest countries. Loans or grants for specific projects are often linked to wider policy changes in the sector or the country's economy as a whole. For example, a loan to improve coastal environmental management may be linked to development of new environmental institutions at national and local levels and the implementation of new regulations to limit pollution, or not, such as in the World Bank financed constructions of paper mills along the Rio Uruguay in 2006. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 779 Audiopedia
Neocolonialism
 
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Neocolonialism (also Neo-colonialism or Neo-imperialism) is the geopolitical practice of using capitalism, business globalization, and cultural imperialism to influence a country, in lieu of either direct military control or indirect political control, i.e. imperialism and hegemony. In post-colonial studies, the term neo-colonialism describes the influence of countries from the developed world in the respective internal affairs of the countries of the developing world; that, despite the decolonisation that occurred in the aftermath of the Second World War (1939–45), the (former) colonial powers continue to apply existing and past international economic arrangements with their former colony countries, and so maintain colonial control. A neo-colonialism critique can include de facto colonialism (imperialist or hegemonic), and an economic critique of the disproportionate involvement of modern capitalist business in the economy of a developing country, whereby multinational corporations continue to exploit the natural resources of the former colony; that such economic control is inherently neo-colonial, and thus is akin to the imperial and hegemonic varieties of colonialism practiced by the United States and the empires of Great Britain, France, and other European countries, from the 16th to the 20th centuries. The ideology and praxis of neo-colonialism are discussed in the works of Jean-Paul Sartre (Colonialism and Neo-colonialism, 1964) and Noam Chomsky (The Washington Connection and Third World Fascism, 1979). This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 5309 Audiopedia
196 Amazing Facts about the 196 Countries
 
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62 Amazing Facts about 62 Territories https://youtu.be/PRIA_wTGIBo There is a version which you can actually understand, now. It's here: https://youtu.be/fOnP166uZV4 Song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ocW3fBqPQkU Please consider clicking on the ads you see/turning off AdBlock.
Views: 1830290 filip4900
Western New Guinea | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Western New Guinea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) incorporated into Indonesia in 1962. Lying to the west of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania. The territory also includes nearby islands, including the Schouten and Raja Ampat archipelagoes. Most of the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere, with a few small northwestern islands such as Sajang Island in the Northern Hemisphere. The region is predominantly covered with ancient rainforest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although a large proportion of the population live in or near coastal areas, now a majority of which consists of recent transmigrants from Java and other provinces of Indonesia.The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity (often combined with traditional beliefs) followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. The territory has been administered by Indonesia since May 1963 and officially included into its territory after a vote (dubbed the "Act of Free Choice") supervised by the Indonesian military junta in 1969, marred by political threats against native Papuans. The indigenous Melanesian population at the end of 1961 estimated at 718,055 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,559,000 representing a growth rate of 1.6% per year the Asiatic population at the end of 1961 estimated at 16,581 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,088,000 representing a growth rate of 10% per year. Transmigration from the Indonesian islands of Sumatera, Java, Bali and Sulawesi is the main cause of the inflation of the Asiatic population. Meanwhile, the population growth of the Melanesian population has been slowed by over half a century of what has been described as genocidal policies from the Indonesian state apparatus.Human habitation is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The Netherlands claimed the region and commenced missionary work in the nineteenth century. The region was annexed by Indonesia in the 1960s, and has faced a separatist movement since then, resulting in continued repression and in the deaths of 100,000 up to 500,000 indigenous West Papuans.Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, "Special Autonomy" status was granted to Papua province, although to date, implementation has been partial and often criticized. The region was administered as a single province until 2003, when it was split into the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Access to Western New Guinea by foreign journalists, non-governmental organizations, and academic researchers is under close control by the Indonesian administration, which often rejects visa applications. As formerly in East Timor, Indonesia's former colonial territory, the Indonesian administration takes great effort at filtering the information that gets out of Western New Guinea.
Views: 8 wikipedia tts
world currency - rothschilds predict 2018 world currency in 1988
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency! Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it. In this video i am discussing about world's currency tricks. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries. Today we will be taking another look at my personal collection of world currency. Best paper money world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 2). Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world.. The franc is the currency and legal tender of switzerland and liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the italian exclave campione d'italia.The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. Top 10 currency in world 2018 - top 10 most valuable currencies. 6) lao kip - currency used in laos. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun.Global currency reset begins. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. Currency world is the premier youtube channel for coins paper money banknotes medals gold and silver bullion and other types of u. 10 of the world's worst currencies.Currency of all countries. ~the new world order currency~. Please like and share this video so we can do more the weakest (cheapest) world currencies in 2018... 10 of the world's worst currencies 😱. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world.. Trump declares "one world currency" sooner than most think (bloomberg). Today we will be taking a look at my personal collection of world currency. The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true.~the new world order currency~......................... Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true.My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands .
Views: 28 Top Options Trade
Yelawolf - Punk ft. Travis Barker, Juicy J
 
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Yelawolf “PUNK” feat. Juicy J & Travis Barker is Out Now! http://smarturl.it/PunkYelawolf Follow Yelawolf: http://www.yelawolf.com https://www.instagram.com/yelawolf https://www.facebook.com/yelawolf Music video by Yelawolf performing Punk. (C) 2017 Interscope Records http://vevo.ly/0FA6l9
Views: 2339121 YelawolfVEVO
world currency - top 10 currency in  world 2018 -  top 10 most valuable currencies
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money World currency collection - uncirculated 206 countries. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world..Currency world is the premier youtube channel for coins paper money banknotes medals gold and silver bullion and other types of u. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world. ~the new world order currency~......................... ~the new world order currency~......................... Today we will be taking a look at my personal collection of world currency. Rothschilds predict 2018 world currency in 1988.This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries. My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands . Best world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 1).The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. 6) lao kip - currency used in laos.Welcome to currency world................................The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. In this video i am discussing about world's currency tricks. 10 of the world's worst currencies 😱. Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency!
World  Bank Freezes Ivory Coast Financing
 
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The World Bank says it has frozen financing for Ivory Coast, where incumbent president Laurent Gbagbo is clinging to power in the face of global criticism. The move increases the pressure on Mr. Gbagbo to hand power to rival Alassane Outtara, the internationally-recognized winner of last month's presidential election. At the same time, France and Germany are asking their citizens to leave the West African nation, amid U.N. concerns of a return to civil war. Mariama Diallo has more.
Views: 588 VOA News
Mozambique
 
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Mozambique , officially the Republic of Mozambique , is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo . This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 500 encyclopediacc
black magic specialist tantrik for attraction power and get your love back +91-9779395408
 
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Black Magic can really play havoc with the life of the target person by destroying any aspect of life may it be career/business or wealth/prosperity, creating family problems or unnecessary tensions/phobias, adversely affecting children & family, creating chronic health problems, destroying mental peace, intelligence & happiness, cause inner turmoil, unrest & uncharacteristic/abnormal behavior and even cause unnatural deaths in extreme circumstances. Black Magic not only affects the circumstances and future prospects of a person, but also deprives him materially of everything he was destined for, but also affects the psyche of the victim in such a way that one looses the will-power & mental energy to get out of the sinister situation one is in, and has no desire to live or rise in life. The effects of Black Magic become more chronic, dangerous and fatal with time, if untreated, like a horrible disease. It starts spreading like a contagious disease, affecting the person's mind, brain, body, relationships, attitudes, Business, work, money, marriage, career and everything in life. Breaking or reversing Black Magic Spell Putting a Black magic spell on someone is very easy for those knowing even a little bit of Tantic siddhis / voodoo. But to remove the spell and eliminate it’s sinister effects needs lot of expertise, continuous & rigorous pooja /worship and a combination Siddhis & Sadhana. Shri Gurumaharaaj ji curses those doing Black Magic on innocent people and destroying their lives and happiness for years to come.all your strategies and all your intelligence fails. Vinod Kumar JI for love spells call us at + contact at :- +91-9779395408 Asia,Africa,Afghanistan,Albania,¬¬Algeri­­­­a,Andorra,Angola,Antigua and Barbuda,Argentina,Armenia,Aruba,Australi­­­­¬¬a,Austria,Azerbaijan,Bahamas, The Bahrain,Bangladesh,Barbados,Belarus,Belg­­­­¬¬ium,Belize,Benin,Bhutan,Bolivia,Bos­n­i­a and Herzegovina,Botswana,Brazil,Brunei,Bulga­­­­¬¬ria,Burkina Faso,Burma,Burundi,Cambodia,Cameroon,Can­­­­-¬ada,Cape Verde,Central African Republic,Chad,Chile,China,Colombia,Comor­­­­¬¬os,Congo, Democratic Republic of the,Congo, Republic of the,Costa Rica,Cote d'Ivoire,Croatia,Cuba,Curacao,Cyprus­­­­¬¬,Czech Republic,Denmark,Djibouti,Dominica,Domin­­­­¬¬ican Republic,East Timor (see Timor-Leste),Ecuador,Egypt,El Salvador,Equatorial Guinea,Eritrea,Estonia,Ethiopia,Fiji,Fin­­­­-¬land,France,Gabon,Gambia, The Georgia,Germany,Ghana,Greece,Grenada,Gua­­­­¬¬temala,Guinea,Guinea-Bissau,Guyana,­H­a­i­t¬i¬,Holy See,Honduras,Hong Kong,Hungary,Iceland,India,Indonesia,Ira­­­­-¬n,Iraq,Ireland,Israel,Italy,Jamaica­,­J­a­p¬a¬n,Jordan,Kazakhstan,Kenya,Kiri­ba­ti­,K­or¬ea¬, North,Korea, South,Kosovo,Kuwait,Kyrgyzstan,Laos,Latv­­­­¬¬ia,Lebanon,Lesotho,Liberia,Libya,Li­e­c­h­t-e¬nstein,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Ma­ca­u,­Ma­ce¬do¬nia,Madagascar,Malawi,Mal­ays­ia,­Mal­div-es,¬Mali,Malta,Marshall Islands,Mauritania,Mauritius,Mexico,Micr­­­­-¬onesia,Moldova,Monaco,Mongolia,Mont­e­n­e­g¬r¬o,Morocco,Mozambique,Namibia,N­au­ru­,N­ep-al¬,Netherlands,Netherlands Antilles,New Zealand,Nicaragua,Niger,Nigeria,North Korea,Norway,Oman,Pakistan,Palau,Palesti­­­­¬¬nian,Territories,Panama,Papua New Guinea,Paraguay,Peru,Philippines,Poland,­­­­¬ Black Magic For Identifying the symptoms and bad effects of ghost Pollution. Black Magic For Continuous illness. All medical treatments fail. Get Solution Black Magic For Constant worries, Suicidal tendencies, or Desire to move away from home and family. Black Magic For Continuous illness of any member of the family. Black Magic For Tiredness and weakness like M.E. Black Magic For Eating disorders associated with obesity and anorexia. Black Magic For Being short tempered. Sterility, without any physical Black Magic For deficiency or without any medical reason. Black Magic For Repeated miscarriages or death of children. Black Magic For Sudden unnatural deaths in the family. Black Magic Problem in the construction of new houses, new Black Magic olutionFor factory or any other building.
Views: 96 ravinder sharma
world currency - top 10 lowest valued currency in the world
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it.10 of the world's worst currencies.10 of the world's worst currencies 😱. Top 10 currency in world 2018 - top 10 most valuable currencies. ~the new world order currency~......................... Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true.Currency of all countries.The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr.Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world.. The franc is the currency and legal tender of switzerland and liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the italian exclave campione d'italia. My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands .This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. ~the new world order currency~......................... The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun.Best paper money world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 2).6) lao kip - currency used in laos.Rothschilds predict 2018 world currency in 1988. As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency! Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true.World currency tricks in hindi || world gk in hindi. Global currency reset begins.
Views: 10 Top Options Trade
world currency - world currency tricks in hindi || world gk in hindi
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Trump declares "one world currency" sooner than most think (bloomberg). This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries.Top 10 currency in world 2018 - top 10 most valuable currencies.Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world.. Welcome to currency world................................ As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency! My full paper money world currency collection as of march 2016 part 1. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world..Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true. 10 of the world's worst currencies 😱.World currency collection - uncirculated 206 countries. Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it.Rothschilds predict 2018 world currency in 1988.~the new world order currency~......................... 10 of the world's worst currencies.The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun.Global currency reset begins. The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. The franc is the currency and legal tender of switzerland and liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the italian exclave campione d'italia. Currency world is the premier youtube channel for coins paper money banknotes medals gold and silver bullion and other types of u. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it.My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands .
world currency - get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money World currency collection - uncirculated 206 countries. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. Global currency reset begins. Currency of all countries. Top 10 currency in world 2018 - top 10 most valuable currencies. ~the new world order currency~......................... My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands . Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it. Today we will be taking a look at my personal collection of world currency. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world..Ripple xrp - the master plan - get ready for a new one world currency.. Best paper money world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 2). As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency! The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. The franc is the currency and legal tender of switzerland and liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the italian exclave campione d'italia.This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries.The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun.
Views: 26 Top Options Trade
world currency - ~the new world order currency~
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Best world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 1). Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true. 10 of the world's worst currencies 😱. As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency!Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it. This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun.~the new world order currency~. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun. Trump declares "one world currency" sooner than most think (bloomberg). Best paper money world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 2).World currency collection - uncirculated 206 countries. In this video i am discussing about world's currency tricks.Rothschilds predict 2018 world currency in 1988. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun.10 of the world's worst currencies.~the new world order currency~.........................The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun.Today we will be taking another look at my personal collection of world currency. Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true. Top 10 lowest valued currency in the world.. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and a new world currency has begun.The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. Please like and share this video so we can do more the weakest (cheapest) world currencies in 2018...My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands .
Views: 11 Top Options Trade
world currency - my full paper money world currency collection as of march 2016 part 1
 
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🔥Certified Forex & Binary Options Broker🔥 with Unlimited $1000 Practice Account! +💵 Trade CFD, Digital Options & Crypto with Profit up to 900%^ ➡ http://bit.ly/2xGlb1U THIS VIDEO IS NOT INVESTMENT ADVICE. General Risk Warning: The financial services provided by this website carry a high level of risk and can result in the loss of all your funds. You should never invest money that you cannot afford to lose ^In case of successful trade on Digital options Binary and Digital options are prohibited in EEA Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true.Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it.As i stated this could very well be the way the try to usher in their one world currency! The iso code of the currency used by banks and financial institutions is chf although fr. In this video i am discussing about world's currency tricks.The franc is the currency and legal tender of switzerland and liechtenstein; it is also legal tender in the italian exclave campione d'italia.My full paper money world currency collection as of march 2016 part 1. The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. Top 10 currency in world 2018 - top 10 most valuable currencies.Get ready for a world currency by 2018 - 30 year old prediction coming true. 6) lao kip - currency used in laos. ~the new world order currency~......................... Best world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 1).The world reserve currency status of the us dollar is ending and kenneth storey explains about how a new world currency has begun. Best paper money world currency collection - rare paper money and banknotes (part 2). This is my current collection of uncirculated banknotes from 206 countries.Their owned magazine the economist featured a cover image of a phoenix rising from flames of cash wearing a medallion with the date 2018 and the words "get ready for world currency" next to it. World currency tricks in hindi || world gk in hindi.10 of the world's worst currencies 😱. My banknote collection of foreign currency bills includes pieces spanning the entirety of the globe including: afghanistan albania algeria andorra angola antigua & deps argentina armenia australia austria azerbaijan bahamas bahrain bangladesh barbados belarus belgium belize benin bhutan bolivia bosnia herzegovina botswana brazil brunei bulgaria burkina burundi cambodia cameroon canada cape verde central african rep chad chile china colombia comoros congo congo democratic rep costa rica croatia cuba cyprus czech republic denmark djibouti dominica dominican republic east timor ecuador egypt el salvador equatorial guinea eritrea estonia ethiopia fiji finland france gabon gambia georgia germany ghana greece grenada guatemala guinea guinea-bissau guyana haiti honduras hungary iceland india indonesia iran iraq ireland republic israel italy ivory coast jamaica japan jordan kazakhstan kenya kiribati korea north korea south kosovo kuwait kyrgyzstan laos latvia lebanon lesotho liberia libya liechtenstein lithuania luxembourg macedonia madagascar malawi malaysia maldives mali malta marshall islands mauritania mauritius mexico micronesia moldova monaco mongolia montenegro morocco mozambique myanmar burma namibia nauru nepal netherlands .
Portuguese Mozambique
 
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Portuguese Mozambique or Portuguese East Africa are the common terms by which Mozambique is designated when referring to the historic period when it was a Portuguese overseas territory. Former Portuguese Mozambique constituted a string of Portuguese colonies and later a single Portuguese overseas province along the south-east African coast, which now form the Republic of Mozambique. During its history, Portuguese Mozambique had the following formal designations: "Captaincy of Sofala", "Captaincy of Mozambique and Sofala", "Captaincy-General of Mozambique and Rivers of Sofala", "Province of Mozambique", "Colony of Mozambique", "Province of Mozambique" and "State of Mozambique". This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1571 Audiopedia
Mineral industry of Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mineral_industry_of_Africa 00:02:19 1 Key producers 00:03:25 2 Economics 00:03:35 2.1 Organizations promoting exports 00:04:42 2.2 Dependence of African countries 00:06:16 2.3 Investment 00:08:13 2.4 Exploration 00:09:57 2.5 Trade 00:15:26 3 Legislation 00:18:14 4 Environment 00:19:53 5 Metals 00:20:02 5.1 Aluminium, bauxite, and alumina 00:23:38 5.2 Copper 00:29:14 5.3 Gold 00:34:05 5.4 Iron and Steel 00:36:18 5.5 Iron ore 00:37:58 5.6 Lead 00:40:46 5.7 Nickel 00:42:53 5.8 Platinum-Group Metals 00:44:46 5.9 Zinc 00:47:52 5.10 Titanium 00:48:20 6 Industrial minerals 00:48:30 6.1 Diamond 00:52:59 6.2 Phosphate Rock 00:54:07 7 Mineral Fuels 00:54:17 7.1 Coal 00:57:10 7.2 Uranium 00:59:14 8 Oil 00:59:47 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8469582333649536 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The mineral industry of Africa is the largest mineral industries in the world. Africa is the second largest continent, with 30 million km² of land, which implies large quantities of resources. For many African countries, mineral exploration and production constitute significant parts of their economies and remain keys to economic growth. Africa is richly endowed with mineral reserves and ranks first or second in quantity of world reserves of bauxite, cobalt, industrial diamond, phosphate rock, platinum-group metals (PGM), vermiculite, and zirconium. Gold mining is Africa's main mining resource. The Central African Mining and Exploration Company (CAMEC), one of Africa's primary mining enterprises, is criticized for its unregulated environmental impact and minimal social stewardship. In the spring of 2009, retired British cricket player Phil Edmonds' assets were seized by the United Kingdom's government due to CAMEC's illicit association with former self-appointed Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe. CAMEC recently sold 95.4% of its shares to the Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation. It is under restructuring and is no longer trading under the CAMEC brand.African mineral reserves rank first or second for bauxite, cobalt, diamonds, phosphate rocks, platinum-group metals (PGM), vermiculite and zirconium. Many other minerals are present in quantity. The 2012 share of world production from African soil was bauxite 7%; aluminium 5%; chromite 38%; cobalt 60%; copper 9%; gold 20%; iron ore 2%; steel 1%; lead (Pb) 2%; manganese 38%; zinc 1%; cement 4%; natural diamond 56%; graphite 2%; phosphate rock 21%; coal 4%; mineral fuels (including coal) & petroleum 47%; uranium 18%.platinum 69.4%.
Views: 12 wikipedia tts
History of Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa 00:03:07 1 Prehistory 00:03:16 1.1 Paleolithic 00:06:57 1.2 Emergence of agriculture and desertification of the Sahara 00:11:23 1.3 Central Africa 00:12:11 1.4 Metallurgy 00:14:05 2 Antiquity 00:14:57 2.1 Ancient Egypt 00:19:50 2.2 Nubia 00:23:09 2.3 Carthage 00:25:58 2.3.1 Role of the Berbers 00:27:58 2.4 Somalia 00:28:38 2.5 Roman North Africa 00:34:02 2.6 Aksum 00:36:32 2.7 West Africa 00:38:51 2.8 Bantu expansion 00:40:17 3 Medieval and Early Modern (6th to 18th centuries) 00:40:29 3.1 Sao civilization 00:41:29 3.2 Kanem Empire 00:43:26 3.3 Bornu Empire 00:45:53 3.4 Shilluk Kingdom 00:46:33 3.5 Baguirmi Kingdom 00:47:03 3.6 Wadai Empire 00:47:54 3.7 Luba Empire 00:49:22 3.8 Lunda Empire 00:50:54 3.9 Kingdom of Kongo 00:53:48 3.10 Horn of Africa 00:53:57 3.10.1 Somalia 00:56:43 3.10.2 Ethiopia 00:58:37 3.11 North Africa 00:58:46 3.11.1 Maghreb 01:04:18 3.11.2 Nile Valley 01:04:26 3.11.2.1 Egypt 01:08:25 3.11.2.2 Sudan 01:08:32 3.11.3 Christian and Islamic Nubia 01:11:35 3.12 Southern Africa 01:12:15 3.12.1 Great Zimbabwe and Mapungubwe 01:15:47 3.12.2 Namibia 01:16:35 3.12.3 South Africa and Botswana 01:16:44 3.12.3.1 Sotho–Tswana 01:17:23 3.12.3.2 Nguni peoples 01:18:03 3.12.3.3 Khoisan and Afrikaaner 01:20:15 3.13 Southeast Africa 01:20:24 3.13.1 Prehistory 01:20:50 3.13.2 Swahili coast 01:23:42 3.13.3 Urewe 01:25:19 3.13.4 Madagascar and Merina 01:27:23 3.13.5 Lake Plateau states and empires 01:27:43 3.13.5.1 Kitara and Bunyoro 01:28:54 3.13.5.2 Buganda 01:29:53 3.13.5.3 Rwanda 01:31:05 3.13.5.4 Burundi 01:31:44 3.13.6 Maravi (Malawi) 01:32:41 3.14 West Africa 01:32:49 3.14.1 Sahelian empires & states 01:32:52 3.14.1.1 Ghana 01:34:41 3.14.1.2 Mali 01:38:08 3.14.1.3 Songhai 01:41:28 3.14.1.4 Sokoto Caliphate 01:42:55 3.14.2 Forest empires and states 01:43:04 3.14.2.1 Akan kingdoms and emergence of Asante Empire 01:47:03 3.14.2.2 Dahomey 01:48:42 3.14.2.3 Yoruba 01:51:15 3.14.2.4 Benin 01:52:59 3.14.2.5 Niger Delta and Igbo 01:54:24 4 19th century 01:54:33 4.1 Southern Africa 01:56:29 4.2 Nguniland 01:58:44 4.3 Voortrekkers 02:00:32 4.4 European trade, exploration and conquest 02:05:44 4.5 France versus Britain: the Fashoda crisis of 1898 02:06:45 4.6 European colonial territories 02:08:27 5 20th century 02:10:00 5.1 World War I 02:12:41 5.2 World War II: Political 02:16:46 5.2.1 French Africa 02:18:18 5.3 World War II: Military 02:20:42 5.4 Post-war Africa: decolonization 02:21:51 5.4.1 East Africa 02:22:33 5.4.2 North Africa 02:24:53 5.4.3 Southern Africa 02:25:45 5.4.4 West Africa 02:26:47 5.5 Historiography of British Africa 02:29:05 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans and – at least 200,000 years ago – anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens), in East Africa, and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states. The earliest known recorded history arose in the Kingdom of Kush, and later in Ancient Egypt, the Sahel, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. Following the desertification of the Sahara, North African history became entwined with the Middle East and Southern Europe while the Bantu expansion swept from modern day Cameroon (West Africa) across much of the sub-Saharan continent in waves between around 1000 BC and 0 AD, creating a linguistic commonality across much of the central and Southern continent. During the Middle Ages, Islam spread west from Arabia to Egypt, crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel. Some notable pre-colonial states and societies in Africa include the Ajuran Empire, D'mt, Adal Sultanate, Warsangali Sultanate, Kingdom of Nri, Nok culture, Mali Empire, Songhai Empire, Benin Empire, Oyo Empire, Ashanti Empire, Ghana Empire, Mossi Kingdoms, Mutapa Empire, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kingdom of Sine, Kingdom of Sennar, Kingdom of Saloum, Kingdom of Baol, Kingdom of Cayor, Kingdom of Zimbabwe ...
Views: 250 wikipedia tts
History of Western civilization | Wikipedia audio article
 
03:10:09
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: History of Western civilization Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Western civilization traces its roots back to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is linked to the Roman Empire and with Medieval Western Christendom which emerged from the Middle Ages to experience such transformative episodes as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the Enlightenment, the Industrial Revolution, scientific revolution, and the development of liberal democracy. The civilizations of Classical Greece and Ancient Rome are considered seminal periods in Western history; a few cultural contributions also emerged from the pagan peoples of pre-Christian Europe, such as the Celts and Germans, as well as some significant religious contributions derived from Judaism and Hellenistic Judaism stemming back to Second Temple Judea, Galilee, and the early Jewish diaspora; and some other Middle Eastern influences. Christianity and Roman Catholicism has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization, which throughout most of its history, has been nearly equivalent to Christian culture. (There were Christians outside of the West, such as China, India, Russia, Byzantium and the Middle East). Western civilization has spread to produce the dominant cultures of modern Americas and Oceania, and has had immense global influence in recent centuries in many ways. Following the 5th century Fall of Rome, Western Europe entered the Middle Ages, during which period the Catholic Church filled the power vacuum left in the West by the fall of the Western Roman Empire, while the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire) endured in the East for centuries, becoming a Hellenic Eastern contrast to the Latin West. By the 12th century, Western Europe was experiencing a flowering of art and learning, propelled by the construction of cathedrals and the establishment of medieval universities. Christian unity was shattered by the Reformation from the 16th century. A merchant class grew out of city states, initially in the Italian peninsula (see Italian city-states), and Europe experienced the Renaissance from the 14th to the 17th century, heralding an age of technological and artistic advance and ushering in the Age of Discovery which saw the rise of such global European Empires as those of Spain and Portugal. The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the 18th century. Under the influence of the Enlightenment, the Age of Revolution emerged from the United States and France as part of the transformation of the West into its industrialised, democratised modern form. The lands of North and South America, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand became first part of European Empires and then home to new Western nations, while Africa and Asia were largely carved up between Western powers. Laboratories of Western democracy were founded in Britain's colonies in Australasia from the mid-19th centuries, while South America largely created new autocracies. In the 20th century, absolute monarchy disappeared from Europe, and despite episodes of Fascism and Communism, by the close of the century, virtually all of Europe was electing its leaders democratically. Most Western nations were heavily involved in the First and Second World Wars and protracted Cold War. World War II saw Fascism defeated in Europe, and the emergence of the United States and Soviet Union as rival global powers and a new "East-West" political contrast. Other than in Russia, the European Empires disintegrated after World War II and civil rights movements and widescale multi-ethnic, multi-faith migrations to Europe, the Americas and Oceania lowered the earlier predominance of ethnic Europeans in Western culture. European nations moved towards greater economic and political co-operation through the European Union. The Cold War ended around 1990 with the collapse of Soviet imposed Communism in Central and Eastern Europe. In the 21st century, the Western World retains significant global economic power and influ ...
Views: 271 wikipedia tts
Patrice Lumumba
 
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Patrice Émery Lumumba (born Élias Okit'Asombo; 2 July 1925 – 17 January 1961) was a Congolese independence leader and the first democratically elected Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo (now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo). As founder and leader of the Mouvement national congolais, Lumumba helped win his country's independence from Belgium in 1960. Within twelve weeks, Lumumba's government was deposed in a coup during the Congo Crisis. The main reason why he was ousted from power was his opposition to Belgian-backed secession of the mineral-rich Katanga province. Lumumba was subsequently imprisoned by state authorities under Joseph-Desiré Mobutu and executed by firing squad under the command of the secessionist Katangan authorities. The United Nations, which he had asked to come to the Congo, did not intervene to save him. Belgium, the United States (via the CIA), and the United Kingdom (via MI6) have all been accused of involvement in Lumumba's death. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 759 Audiopedia
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea by Jules Verne | Part 1 of 2 |  Audiobook  with subtitles
 
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Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea (Version 3) Jules VERNE , translated by F. P. WALTER Originally published 1870, this recording is from the English translation by Frederick P. Walter, published 1991, containing the unabridged text from the original French and offered up into the public domain. It is considered to be the very first science fiction novel ever written, the first novel about the undersea world, and is a classic science fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne published in 1870. It tells the story of Captain Nemo and his submarine Nautilus, as seen from the perspective of Professor Pierre Aronnax - Summary by Michele Fry Genre(s): Action & Adventure Fiction, Travel Fiction Chapters: 1:15 | Introduction 12:20 | 1-1. A Runaway Reef 29:22 | 1-2. The Pros and Cons 43:22 | 1-3. As Master Wishes 55:22 | 1-4. Ned Land 1:12:15 |1-5. At Random! 1:27:56 | 1-6. At Full Steam 1:48:13 |1-7. A Whale of Unknown Species 2:05:17 | 1-8. "Mobilis in Mobili" 2:24:49 | 1-9. The Tantrums of Ned Land 2:41:04 | 1-10. The Man Of The Waters 3:02:02 | 1-11. The Nautilus 3:21:39 |1-12. Everything through Electricity 3:38:19 | 1-13. Some Figures 3:55:10 |1-14. The Black Current 4:22:52 | 1-15. An Invitation in Writing 4:41:57 | 1-16. Strolling the Plains 4:57:14 | 1-17. An Underwater Forest 5:14:02 | 1-18. Four Thousand Leagues Under the Pacific 5:34:33 | 1-19. Vanikoro 5:59:28 | 1-20. The Torres Strait 6:19:46 | 1-21. Some Days Ashore 6:44:41 | 1-22. The Lightning Bolts of Captain Nemo 7:09:26 |1-23. "Aegri Somnia" 7:29:58 | 1-24. The Coral Realm 7:49:50 | 2-1. The Indian Ocean Our Custom URL : https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks Subscribe To Our Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/AudiobookAudiobooks?sub_confirmation=1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Audio Book Audiobooks All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
Views: 2851 Audio book Audiobooks
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
04:30:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 101 wikipedia tts
Internet censorship by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:53 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:03:07 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:55 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:07:04 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:53 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:10:07 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:11:08 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:11:20 3 Country classifications 00:12:05 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:13:18 3.1.1 span  00:15:41 3.1.2 span  00:17:56 3.1.3 span  00:20:32 3.1.4 span  00:22:30 3.1.5 span  00:25:01 3.1.6 span  00:27:13 3.1.7 span  00:29:24 3.1.8 span  00:30:31 3.1.9 span  00:31:33 3.1.10 span  00:32:17 3.1.11 span  00:33:52 3.1.12 span  00:34:42 3.1.13 span  00:36:47 3.1.14 span  00:38:31 3.1.15 span  00:39:26 3.1.16 span  00:40:48 3.1.17 span  00:42:43 3.1.18 span  00:44:10 3.1.19 span  00:46:13 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:47:28 3.2.1 span  00:49:48 3.2.2 span  00:51:28 3.2.3 span  00:53:20 3.2.4 span  00:54:12 3.2.5 span  00:56:33 3.2.6 span  00:58:33 3.2.7 span  00:59:46 3.2.8 span  01:01:40 3.2.9 span  01:07:53 3.2.10 span  01:11:20 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:12:31 3.3.1 span  01:15:08 3.3.2 span  01:15:55 3.3.3 span  01:18:44 3.3.4 span  01:20:10 3.3.5 span  01:22:45 3.3.6 span  01:24:45 3.3.7 span  01:26:51 3.3.8 span  01:29:59 3.3.9 span  01:30:39 3.3.10 span  01:33:38 3.3.11 span  01:35:06 3.3.12 span  01:36:50 3.3.13 span  01:38:41 3.3.14 span  01:41:01 3.3.15 span  01:42:26 3.3.16 span  01:43:35 3.3.17 span  01:45:57 3.3.18 span  01:47:00 3.3.19 span  01:48:18 3.3.20 span  01:50:28 3.3.21 span  01:54:21 3.3.22 span  01:56:15 3.3.23 span  01:57:18 3.3.24 span  01:58:38 3.3.25 span  02:00:32 3.3.26 span  02:00:40 3.3.27 span  02:03:36 3.3.28 span  02:03:44 3.3.29 span  02:06:29 3.3.30 span  02:08:09 3.3.31 span  02:09:56 3.3.32 span  02:10:50 3.3.33 span  02:13:11 3.3.34 span  02:14:22 3.3.35 span  02:16:58 3.3.36 span  02:21:15 3.3.37 span  02:24:44 3.3.38 span  02:26:14 3.3.39 span  02:27:21 3.3.40 span  02:28:20 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:29:36 3.4.1 span  02:32:20 3.4.2 span  02:33:00 3.4.3 span  02:33:42 3.4.4 span  02:36:21 3.4.5 span  02:37:28 3.4.6 span  02:41:06 3.4.7 span  02:42:35 3.4.8 span  02:43:21 3.4.9 span  02:44:31 3.4.10 span  02:45:47 3.4.11 span  02:46:42 3.4.12 span  02:47:43 3.4.13 span  02:48:20 3.4.14 span  02:49:38 3.4.15 span  02:50:44 3.4.16 span  02:52:14 3.4.17 span  02:53:46 3.4.18 span  02:55:04 3.4.19 span  02:56:36 3.4.20 span  02:57:42 3.4.21 span  02:58:37 3.4.22 span  02:59:48 3.4.23 span  03:00:58 3.4.24 span  03:02:03 3.4.25 span  03:03:10 3.4.26 span  03:04:09 3.4.27 span  03:05:35 3.4.28 span  03:07:36 3.4.29 span  03:08:32 3.4.30 span  03:09:16 3.4.31 span  03:10:14 3.4.32 span  03:11:19 3.4.33 span  03:14:28 3.4.34 span  03:16:52 3.4.35 span  03:18:13 3.4.36 span  03:21:33 3.4.37 span  03:22:47 3.4.38 span  03:25:26 3.4.39 span  03:26:24 3.4.40 span  03:28:37 3.4.41 span  03:30:02 3.4.42 span  03:32:26 3.4.43 span  03:33:29 3.4.44 span  03:34:29 3.4.45 span  03:35:26 3.4.46 span  03:36:45 3.4.47 span  03:37:47 3.4.48 span  03:38:58 3.4.49 span  03:41:09 3.4.50 span  03:42:52 3.4.51 span  03:44:13 3.4.52 span  03:44:59 3.4.53 span  03:46:31 3.4.54 span  03:47:45 3.4.55 span  03:48:49 3.4.56 span  03:53:38 3.4.57 span  03:55:16 3.4.58 span  03:56:40 3.4.59 span  03:57:35 3.4.60 span  03:58:17 3.4.61 span  03:59:54 3.4.62 span  04:00:41 3.4.63 span  04:02:00 3.4.64 span  04:03:39 3.4.65 span  04:05:28 3.4.66 span  04:06:10 3.4.67 span  04:06:50 3.4.68 span    04:07:23 3.4.69 span  04:09:39 3.4.70 span  04:10:21 3.4.71 span  04:11:54 3.4.72 span  04:12:39 3.4.73 span  04:13:42 3.4.74 span  04:15:25 3.4.75 span  04:16:40 3.4.76 span  04:18:01 3.4.77 span  04:18:47 3.4.78 span  04:19:15 3.4.79 span  04:20:42 3.4.80 span  04:21:24 3.4.81 span  04:22:23 3.4.82 span  04:24:08 3.4.83 span  04:25:11 3.4.84 span  04:26:53 3.4.85 span  04:27:54 3.4.86 span  04:29:59 3.4.87 span  04:31:16 3.4.88 span  04:33:14 ...
Views: 65 wikipedia tts
Auburn Coach Wife Kristi Malzahn Agrees with Match & eHarmony: Men are Jerks
 
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My advice is this: Settle! That's right. Don't worry about passion or intense connection. Don't nix a guy based on his annoying habit of yelling "Bravo!" in movie theaters. Overlook his halitosis or abysmal sense of aesthetics. Because if you want to have the infrastructure in place to have a family, settling is the way to go. Based on my observations, in fact, settling will probably make you happier in the long run, since many of those who marry with great expectations become more disillusioned with each passing year. (It's hard to maintain that level of zing when the conversation morphs into discussions about who's changing the diapers or balancing the checkbook.) Obviously, I wasn't always an advocate of settling. In fact, it took not settling to make me realize that settling is the better option, and even though settling is a rampant phenomenon, talking about it in a positive light makes people profoundly uncomfortable. Whenever I make the case for settling, people look at me with creased brows of disapproval or frowns of disappointment, the way a child might look at an older sibling who just informed her that Jerry's Kids aren't going to walk, even if you send them money. It's not only politically incorrect to get behind settling, it's downright un-American. Our culture tells us to keep our eyes on the prize (while our mothers, who know better, tell us not to be so picky), and the theme of holding out for true love (whatever that is—look at the divorce rate) permeates our collective mentality. Even situation comedies, starting in the 1970s with The Mary Tyler Moore Show and going all the way to Friends, feature endearing single women in the dating trenches, and there's supposed to be something romantic and even heroic about their search for true love. Of course, the crucial difference is that, whereas the earlier series begins after Mary has been jilted by her fiancé, the more modern-day Friends opens as Rachel Green leaves her nice-guy orthodontist fiancé at the altar simply because she isn't feeling it. But either way, in episode after episode, as both women continue to be unlucky in love, settling starts to look pretty darn appealing. Mary is supposed to be contentedly independent and fulfilled by her newsroom family, but in fact her life seems lonely. Are we to assume that at the end of the series, Mary, by then in her late 30s, found her soul mate after the lights in the newsroom went out and her work family was disbanded? If her experience was anything like mine or that of my single friends, it's unlikely. And while Rachel and her supposed soul mate, Ross, finally get together (for the umpteenth time) in the finale of Friends, do we feel confident that she'll be happier with Ross than she would have been had she settled down with Barry, the orthodontist, 10 years earlier? She and Ross have passion but have never had long-term stability, and the fireworks she experiences with him but not with Barry might actually turn out to be a liability, given how many times their relationship has already gone up in flames. It's equally questionable whether Sex and the City's Carrie Bradshaw, who cheated on her kindhearted and generous boyfriend, Aidan, only to end up with the more exciting but self-absorbed Mr. Big, will be better off in the framework of marriage and family. (Some time after the breakup, when Carrie ran into Aidan on the street, he was carrying his infant in a Baby Björn. Can anyone imagine Mr. Big walking around with a Björn?)
Views: 202396 Shari Wing
West Papua (region)
 
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West Papua or Western New Guinea is part of Indonesia consisting of the western half of the island of New Guinea and smaller islands to its west. The region is administered as two provinces: Papua and West Papua. The eastern half of New Guinea is the country of Papua New Guinea. The population of approximately 3.6 million comprises ethnic Papuans, Melanesians, and Austronesians. The region is predominantly dense forest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although the majority of the population live in or near coastal areas. The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. Human habitation is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The Netherlands claimed the region and commenced missionary work in the nineteenth century. The region was annexed by Indonesia in the 1960s. Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, "Special Autonomy" status was granted to Papua province, although to date, implementation has been partial and often criticised. The region was administered as a single province until 2003, when it was split into the provinces of Papua and West Papua. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 286 Audiopedia
Right- and left-hand traffic
 
01:51:17
The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively. This is so fundamental to traffic flow that it is sometimes referred to as the rule of the road. This basic rule improves traffic flow and reduces the risk of head-on collisions. Today, about 65% of the world's population live in countries with right-hand traffic and 35% in countries with left-hand traffic. About 90% of the world's total road distance carries traffic on the right and 10% on the left. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1120 Audiopedia
Fair trade
 
01:08:37
Fair trade is an organized social movement whose stated goal is to help producers in developing countries achieve better trading conditions and to promote sustainability. Members of the movement advocate the payment of higher prices to exporters, as well as higher social and environmental standards. The movement focuses in particular on commodities, or products which are typically exported from developing countries to developed countries, but also consumed in domestic markets (e.g. Brazil and India) most notably handicrafts, coffee, cocoa, sugar, tea, bananas, honey, cotton, wine, fresh fruit, chocolate, flowers, and gold. The movement seeks to promote greater equity in international trading partnerships through dialogue, transparency and respect. It promotes sustainable development by offering better trading conditions to, and securing the rights of, marginalized producers and workers in developing countries. Although no universally accepted definition of 'fair trade' exists, Fairtrade labeling organizations most commonly refer to a definition developed by FINE, an informal association of four international fair trade networks (Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International, World Fair Trade Organization (WFTO), Network of European Worldshops and European Fair Trade Association (EFTA)): fair trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency, and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade. Fair trade organizations, backed by consumers, are engaged actively in supporting producers, awareness raising, and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international trade. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 227 Audiopedia
World Bank Group | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World Bank Group 00:02:17 1 History 00:02:25 1.1 Founding 00:03:14 2 Membership 00:04:52 3 Organizational structure 00:06:17 3.1 World Bank Group agencies 00:08:36 3.2 Presidency 00:09:01 3.2.1 Current President 00:09:20 3.3 Managing Director 00:09:55 3.4 Independent Evaluation group 00:10:43 3.5 Extractive Industries Review 00:12:28 3.6 Impact evaluations 00:13:28 3.7 Access to Information 00:14:35 3.8 AIDS funding 00:14:58 4 Criticism 00:17:43 4.1 Allegations of corruption 00:18:04 4.2 Investments 00:18:45 5 List of presidents 00:20:18 6 List of chief economists 00:21:35 7 List of World Bank Directors-General of Evaluation 00:22:36 8 List of World Bank Board of Directors 00:26:06 9 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The World Bank Group (WBG) (French: Groupe de la Banque mondiale) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries. It is the largest and most well-known development bank in the world and is an observer at the United Nations Development Group. The bank is based in Washington, D.C. and provided around $61 billion in loans and assistance to "developing" and transition countries in the 2014 fiscal year. The bank's stated mission is to achieve the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and building shared prosperity. Total lending as of 2015 for the last 10 years through Development Policy Financing was approximately $117 billion. Its five organizations are the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the International Development Association (IDA), the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). The first two are sometimes collectively (and confusingly) referred to as the World Bank. The World Bank's (the IBRD and IDA's) activities are focused on developing countries, in fields such as human development (e.g. education, health), agriculture and rural development (e.g. irrigation and rural services), environmental protection (e.g. pollution reduction, establishing and enforcing regulations), infrastructure (e.g. roads, urban regeneration, and electricity), large industrial construction projects, and governance (e.g. anti-corruption, legal institutions development). The IBRD and IDA provide loans at preferential rates to member countries, as well as grants to the poorest countries. Loans or grants for specific projects are often linked to wider policy changes in the sector or the country's economy as a whole. For example, a loan to improve coastal environmental management may be linked to development of new environmental institutions at national and local levels and the implementation of new regulations to limit pollution.The World Bank has received various criticisms over the years and was tarnished by a scandal with the bank's then President Paul Wolfowitz and his aide, Shaha Riza, in 2007.
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ISO 639 macrolanguage | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: ISO 639 macrolanguage Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= ISO 639-3 is an international standard for language codes. In defining some of its language codes, some are classified as macrolanguages, which include other individual languages in the standard. This category exists to assist mapping between another set of languages codes, ISO 639-2, and ISO 639-3. ISO 639-3 is curated by SIL International, ISO 639-2 is curated by the Library of Congress (USA). The mapping often has the implication that it covers borderline cases where two language varieties may be considered strongly divergent dialects of the same language or very closely related languages (dialect continuums). It may also encompass situations when there are language varieties that are sometimes considered to be varieties of the same language and sometimes different languages for ethnic or political rather than linguistic reasons. However, this is not its primary function and the classification is not evenly applied. For example, "Chinese" is a macrolanguage encompassing many languages that are not mutually intelligible, but the languages "Standard German", "Bavarian German", and other closely related languages do not form a macrolanguage despite being more mutually intelligible. Other examples include Tajiki not being part of the Persian macrolanguage despite sharing much lexicon, and Urdu and Hindi not forming a macrolanguage. Even all dialects of Hindi are considered as separate languages. Basically, ISO 639-2 and ISO 639-3 use different criteria for dividing language varieties into languages, 639-2 uses shared writing systems and literature more whereas 639-3 focuses on mutual intelligibility and shared lexicon. The macrolanguages exist within the ISO 639-3 code set to make mapping between the two sets easier. There are fifty-six language codes in ISO 639-2 that are considered to be macrolanguages in ISO 639-3. The use of this category of macrolanguage was applied in Ethnologue, starting in the 16th edition.Some of the macrolanguages had no individual language (as defined by 639-3) in ISO 639-2, e.g. "ara" (Arabic), but ISO 639-3 recognizes different varieties of Arabic as separate languages under some circumstances. Others, like "nor" (Norwegian) had their two individual parts (nno Nynorsk, nob Bokmål) already in 639-2. That means some languages (e.g. "arb" Standard Arabic) that were considered by ISO 639-2 to be dialects of one language ("ara") are now in ISO 639-3 in certain contexts considered to be individual languages themselves. This is an attempt to deal with varieties that may be linguistically distinct from each other, but are treated by their speakers as forms of the same language, e.g. in cases of diglossia. For example, Generic Arabic, 639-2 Standard Arabic, 639-3ISO 639-2 also includes codes for collections of languages; these are not the same as macrolanguages. These collections of languages are excluded from ISO 639-3, because they never refer to individual languages. Most such codes are included in ISO 639-5.
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Scramble for Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Scramble for Africa Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Scramble for Africa was the occupation, division, and colonization of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism, between 1881 and 1914. It is also called the Partition of Africa and by some the Conquest of Africa. In 1870, only 10 percent of Africa was under formal European control; by 1914 it had increased to almost 90 percent of the continent, with only Ethiopia (Abyssinia) and Liberia still being independent. There were multiple motivations including the quest for national prestige, tensions between pairs of European powers, religious missionary zeal and internal African native politics. The Berlin Conference of 1884, which regulated European colonisation and trade in Africa, is usually referred to as the ultimate point of the scramble for Africa. Consequent to the political and economic rivalries among the European empires in the last quarter of the 19th century, the partitioning, or splitting up of Africa was how the Europeans avoided warring amongst themselves over Africa. The later years of the 19th century saw the transition from "informal imperialism" by military influence and economic dominance, to direct rule, bringing about colonial imperialism.
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UNESCO | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: UNESCO Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.The broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities.
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List of company registers
 
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The following is an incomplete list of company registers by country: This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
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Deforestation | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Deforestation Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31 percent of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.Deforestation occurs for multiple reasons: trees are cut down to be used for building or sold as fuel (sometimes in the form of charcoal or timber), while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock and plantation. The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in habitat damage, biodiversity loss, and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation has also been used in war to deprive the enemy of vital resources and cover for its forces. Modern examples of this were the use of Agent Orange by the British military in Malaya during the Malayan Emergency and the United States military in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. As of 2005, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase in countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. Disregard of ascribed value, lax forest management, and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation–both naturally occurring and human-induced–is an ongoing issue. Deforestation causes extinction, changes to climatic conditions, desertification, and displacement of populations as observed by current conditions and in the past through the fossil record. More than half of all plant and land animal species in the world live in tropical forests.Between 2000 and 2012, 2.3 million square kilometres (890,000 sq mi) of forests around the world were cut down. As a result of deforestation, only 6.2 million square kilometres (2.4 million square miles) remain of the original 16 million square kilometres (6 million square miles) of forest that formerly covered the Earth. An area the size of a football pitch is cleared from the Amazon rainforest every minute, with 136 million acres (55 million hectares) of rainforest cleared for animal agriculture overall.
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West Papua (region) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: West Papua (region) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Western New Guinea, also known as Papua (formerly Irian Jaya) and West Papua, is the part of the island of New Guinea (also known as Papua) incorporated into Indonesia in 1962. Lying to the west of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, it is the only Indonesian territory to be situated in Oceania. The territory also includes nearby islands, including the Schouten and Raja Ampat archipelagoes. Most of the territory is in the Southern Hemisphere, with a few small northwestern islands such as Sajang Island in the Northern Hemisphere. The region is predominantly covered with ancient rainforest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani of the Baliem Valley, although a large proportion of the population live in or near coastal areas, now a majority of which consists of recent transmigrants from Java and other provinces of Indonesia.The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian. Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity (often combined with traditional beliefs) followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. The territory has been administered by Indonesia since May 1963 and officially included into its territory after a vote (dubbed the "Act of Free Choice") supervised by the Indonesian military junta in 1969, marred by political threats against native Papuans. The indigenous Melanesian population at the end of 1961 estimated at 718,055 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,559,000 representing a growth rate of 1.6% per year the Asiatic population at the end of 1961 estimated at 16,581 has been estimated to have grown by year 2005 to 1,088,000 representing a growth rate of 10% per year. Transmigration from the Indonesian islands of Sumatera, Java, Bali and Sulawesi is the main cause of the inflation of the Asiatic population. Meanwhile, the population growth of the Melanesian population has been slowed by over half a century of what has been described as genocidal policies from the Indonesian state apparatus.Human habitation is estimated to have begun between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The Netherlands claimed the region and commenced missionary work in the nineteenth century. The region was annexed by Indonesia in the 1960s, and has faced a separatist movement since then, resulting in continued repression and in the deaths of 100,000 up to 500,000 indigenous West Papuans.Following the 1998 commencement of reforms across Indonesia, Papua and other Indonesian provinces received greater regional autonomy. In 2001, "Special Autonomy" status was granted to Papua province, although to date, implementation has been partial and often criticized. The region was administered as a single province until 2003, when it was split into the provinces of Papua and West Papua. Access to Western New Guinea by foreign journalists, non-governmental organizations, and academic researchers is under close control by the Indonesian administration, which often rejects visa applications. As formerly in East Timor, Indonesia's former colonial territory, the Indonesian administration takes great effort at filtering the information that gets out of Western New Guinea.
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France in the long nineteenth century | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: France in the long nineteenth century 00:00:58 1 General aspects 00:01:07 1.1 Geography 00:02:36 1.2 Demographics 00:06:19 1.3 Language 00:07:49 1.4 Economic laggard: 1815–1913 00:10:17 2 Periods 00:10:26 2.1 French Revolution (1789–1792) 00:16:03 2.2 French First Republic (1792–1799) 00:22:00 2.3 First Empire (1804–1814) 00:27:08 2.4 Bourbon restoration (1814–1830) 00:31:21 2.5 July Monarchy (1830–1848) 00:39:03 2.6 Second Republic (1848–1852) 00:41:15 2.7 Second Empire (1852–1870) 00:47:29 2.8 Third Republic (1870–1940), until 1914 00:48:29 2.8.1 Paris Commune (1871) 00:52:49 2.8.2 Royalist domination (1871–1879) 00:55:35 2.8.3 "Radicals" (1879–1914) 01:00:35 3 Themes 01:00:44 3.1 Foreign relations 01:00:53 3.2 Colonialism 01:02:30 3.2.1 Africa 01:04:40 3.2.1.1 Fashoda crisis 01:05:48 3.2.2 Asia 01:06:32 3.3 Literature 01:09:49 3.4 Art 01:09:57 4 See also 01:10:21 5 Notes 01:10:30 6 Further reading 01:13:36 6.1 Historiography 01:14:09 6.2 In French Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of France from 1789 to 1914 (the long 19th century) extends from the French Revolution to World War I and includes: French Revolution (1789–1792) French First Republic (1792–1804) First French Empire under Napoleon I (1804–1814/1815) Bourbon Restoration under Louis XVIII and Charles X (1814/1815–1830) July Monarchy under Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1830–1848) Second Republic (1848–1852) Second Empire under Napoleon III (1852–1870) Long Depression (1873–1890) Belle Époque (1871–1914)
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Oceania | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Oceania Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Oceania (UK: , US: ( listen), ) is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica. The islands at the geographic extremes of Oceania are Bonin Islands, a politically integral part of Japan; Hawaii, a state of the United States; Clipperton Island, a possession of France; the Juan Fernández Islands, belonging to Chile; and the Campbell Islands, belonging to New Zealand. Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as of Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga. The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, with Sydney being the largest city of both Oceania and Australia.The first settlers of Australia, New Guinea, and the large islands just to the east arrived between 50,000 and 30,000 years ago. Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward. Portuguese navigators, between 1512 and 1526, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea. On his first voyage in the 18th century, James Cook, who later arrived at the highly developed Hawaiian Islands, went to Tahiti and followed the east coast of Australia for the first time. The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between Allied powers the United States and Australia, and Axis power Japan. The arrival of European settlers in subsequent centuries resulted in a significant alteration in the social and political landscape of Oceania. In more contemporary times there has been increasing discussion on national flags and a desire by some Oceanians to display their distinguishable and individualistic identity. The rock art of Australian Aborigines is the longest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world. Puncak Jaya in Papua is often considered the highest peak in Oceania. Most Oceanian countries have a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, with tourism being a large source of income for the Pacific Islands nations.
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UNESCO | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: UNESCO 00:02:18 1 History 00:10:51 2 Activities 00:18:17 3 Media 00:19:18 4 Official UNESCO NGOs 00:19:55 5 Institutes and centres 00:20:15 6 Prizes 00:22:37 6.1 Inactive prizes 00:23:05 7 International Days observed at UNESCO 00:23:21 8 Member states 00:24:01 9 Governing bodies 00:24:10 9.1 Director-General 00:25:35 9.2 General Conference 00:25:49 9.3 Executive Board 00:25:58 10 Offices and Headquarters 00:26:27 10.1 Field offices by region 00:26:48 10.1.1 Africa 00:28:29 10.1.2 Arab States 00:29:23 10.1.3 Asia and Pacific 00:30:52 10.1.4 Europe and North America 00:31:32 10.1.5 Latin America and the Caribbean 00:32:57 11 Controversies 00:33:06 11.1 New World Information and Communication order 00:34:24 11.2 Israel 00:37:42 11.2.1 Occupied Palestine Resolution 00:40:29 11.3 Palestine 00:40:38 11.3.1 Palestinian youth magazine controversy 00:41:05 11.3.2 Islamic University of Gaza controversy 00:42:06 11.4 Wikileaks 00:43:11 11.5 Che Guevara 00:43:55 11.6 Listing Nanjing Massacre documents 00:44:34 11.7 US withdrawals 00:46:35 11.8 Turkish–Kurdish conflict 00:47:17 12 Products or services 00:47:43 12.1 Information processing tools 00:49:03 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.The broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities.
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World War II | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: World War II Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.Japan, which aimed to dominate Asia and the Pacific, was at war with China by 1937—though neither side had declared war on the other. World war is generally said to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Germany and subsequent declarations on Germany by France and the United Kingdom. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, Poland, Finland, Romania and the Baltic states. Following the onset of campaigns in North Africa and East Africa, and the fall of France in mid 1940, the war continued primarily between the European Axis powers and the British Empire. War in the Balkans, the aerial Battle of Britain, the Blitz, and the long Battle of the Atlantic followed. On 22 June 1941, the European Axis powers launched an invasion of the Soviet Union, opening the largest land theatre of war in history. This Eastern Front trapped the Axis, most crucially the German Wehrmacht, into a war of attrition. In December 1941, Japan launched a surprise attack on the United States and European colonies in the Pacific Ocean. Following an immediate U.S. declaration of war against Japan, supported by one from Great Britain, the European Axis powers quickly declared war on the U.S. in solidarity with their Japanese ally. Rapid Japanese conquests over much of the Western Pacific ensued, perceived by many in Asia as liberation from Western dominance and resulting in the support of several armies from defeated territories. The Axis advance in the Pacific halted in 1942 when Japan lost the critical Battle of Midway; later, Germany and Italy were defeated in North Africa and then, decisively, at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union. Key setbacks in 1943, which included a series of German defeats on the Eastern Front, the Allied invasions of Sicily and Italy, and Allied victories in the Pacific, cost the Axis its initiative and forced it into strategic retreat on all fronts. In 1944, the Western Allies invaded German-occupied France, while the Soviet Union regained its territorial losses and turned toward Germany and its allies. During 1944 and 1945 the Japanese suffered major reverses in mainland Asia in South Central China and Burma, while the Allies crippled the Japanese Navy and captured key Western Pacific islands. The war in Europe concluded with an invasion of Germany by the Western Allies and the Soviet Union, culminating in the capture of Berlin by Soviet troops, the suicide of Adolf Hitler and the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945. Following the Potsdam Declaration by the Allies on 26 July 1945 and the refusal of Japan to surrender under its terms, the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August respectively. With an invasion of the Japanese archipelago imminent, the possibility of additional a ...
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Slavery in India | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slavery in India 00:01:27 1 Slavery in Ancient India 00:10:17 2 Slavery in medieval India 00:11:26 2.1 Islamic invasions (8th to 12th century AD) 00:13:20 2.2 Delhi Sultanate (12th to 16th century AD) 00:16:40 2.3 Mughal Empire (16th to 19th century) 00:18:54 2.3.1 Fatawa-i Alamgiri 00:20:26 2.4 Export of Indian slaves to international markets 00:21:44 3 Under early European colonial powers 00:22:18 3.1 17th century 00:28:33 3.2 18th to 20th century 00:32:41 4 Contemporary slavery 00:33:31 5 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Slavery in India was an established institution in ancient India by the start of the common era, or likely earlier. However, its study in ancient times is problematic and contested because it depends on the translations of terms such as dasa and dasyu.Slavery in India intensified during the Muslim domination of northern India after the 11th-century, however, Muslim rulers did not introduce slavery to the subcontinent. It became a predominant social institution with the enslavement of infidels (non-Muslims), along with the use of slaves in armies for conquest. According to Muslim historians of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire era, after the invasions of non-Muslim kingdoms, Indians were taken slaves with many exported to Central Asia and West Asia. Many slaves from the Horn of Africa were also imported into the Indian subcontinent to serve in the households of the powerful or the Muslim armies of the Deccan Sultanates and the Mughal Empire.Slavery in India continued through the 18th- and 19th-century. During colonial time many Indians were taken into different parts of the world as slave by the East India Company, and the British Raj. The Portuguese imported African slaves into their Indian colonies on the Konkan coast between about 1530 and 1740. Slavery was abolished in the British Empire with the passage of the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 and criminalized in the British Raj in the Indian Penal Code of 1861.
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Colonialism | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colonialism Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Colonialism is the policy of a foreign polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of opening trade opportunities. The colonizing country seeks to benefit whilst the colonized country or land mass, as many of the colonized countries were not countries at all, modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion, and health. Others describe it as a relationship of domination of an indigenous majority by a minority of foreign invaders where the latter rule in pursuit of its interests.Early records of colonization go as far back as Phoenecians, an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC and later the Greeks and Persians continued on this line of setting up colonies. Although these early European migration characteristics are recorded or documented as colonization, these examples wouldn't be the first time and certainly would not be the last. The Romans would soon follow, setting up colonies throughout the Mediterranean, Northern Africa, and Western Asia. In the 9th century a new wave of Mediterranean colonization had begun between competing states such as the Islamic Ottomans and the Venetians, Genovese and Amalfians, invading the wealthy previously Byzantine or Eastern Roman islands and lands. Venice began with the conquest of Dalmatia and reached its greatest nominal extent at the conclusion of the Fourth Crusade in 1204, with the declaration of the acquisition of three octaves of the Byzantine Empire. Later, in the 15th century some European states established their own empires during the European colonial period. The Belgian, British, Danish, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish and Swedish empires established colonies across large areas. Imperial Japan, the Ottoman Empire and the United States also acquired colonies, as did imperialist China and finally in the late 19th century the German and the Italian. At first, European colonizing countries followed policies of mercantilism, in order to strengthen the home economy, so agreements usually restricted the colonies to trading only with the metropole (mother country). By the mid-19th century, however, the powerful British Empire gave up mercantilism and trade restrictions and adopted the principle of free trade, with few restrictions or tariffs. Christian missionaries were active in practically all of the colonies because the Colonialists were Christians. Historian Philip Hoffman calculated that by 1800, before the Industrial Revolution, Europeans already controlled at least 35% of the globe, and by 1914, they had gained control of 84%. In the aftermath of World War II, the archetypal European colonial system practically ended between 1945–1975, when nearly all Europe's colonies gained political independence.
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UNESCO | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: UNESCO 00:02:18 1 History 00:10:51 2 Activities 00:18:17 3 Media 00:19:18 4 Official UNESCO NGOs 00:19:55 5 Institutes and centres 00:20:15 6 Prizes 00:22:37 6.1 Inactive prizes 00:23:05 7 International Days observed at UNESCO 00:23:21 8 Member states 00:24:01 9 Governing bodies 00:24:10 9.1 Director-General 00:25:35 9.2 General Conference 00:25:49 9.3 Executive Board 00:25:58 10 Offices and Headquarters 00:26:27 10.1 Field offices by region 00:26:48 10.1.1 Africa 00:28:29 10.1.2 Arab States 00:29:23 10.1.3 Asia and Pacific 00:30:52 10.1.4 Europe and North America 00:31:32 10.1.5 Latin America and the Caribbean 00:32:57 11 Controversies 00:33:06 11.1 New World Information and Communication order 00:34:24 11.2 Israel 00:37:42 11.2.1 Occupied Palestine Resolution 00:40:29 11.3 Palestine 00:40:38 11.3.1 Palestinian youth magazine controversy 00:41:05 11.3.2 Islamic University of Gaza controversy 00:42:06 11.4 Wikileaks 00:43:11 11.5 Che Guevara 00:43:55 11.6 Listing Nanjing Massacre documents 00:44:34 11.7 US withdrawals 00:46:35 11.8 Turkish–Kurdish conflict 00:47:17 12 Products or services 00:47:43 12.1 Information processing tools 00:49:03 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.The broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities.
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UNESCO | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNESCO 00:02:18 1 History 00:10:52 2 Activities 00:18:19 3 Media 00:19:19 4 Official UNESCO NGOs 00:19:57 5 Institutes and centres 00:20:16 6 Prizes 00:22:40 6.1 Inactive prizes 00:23:08 7 International Days observed at UNESCO 00:23:24 8 Member states 00:24:04 9 Governing bodies 00:24:13 9.1 Director-General 00:25:39 9.2 General Conference 00:25:53 9.3 Executive Board 00:26:02 10 Offices and Headquarters 00:26:31 10.1 Field offices by region 00:26:52 10.1.1 Africa 00:28:34 10.1.2 Arab States 00:29:29 10.1.3 Asia and Pacific 00:30:58 10.1.4 Europe and North America 00:31:38 10.1.5 Latin America and the Caribbean 00:33:03 11 Controversies 00:33:13 11.1 New World Information and Communication order 00:34:31 11.2 Israel 00:37:50 11.2.1 Occupied Palestine Resolution 00:40:38 11.3 Palestine 00:40:47 11.3.1 Palestinian youth magazine controversy 00:41:15 11.3.2 Islamic University of Gaza controversy 00:42:15 11.4 Wikileaks 00:43:20 11.5 Che Guevara 00:44:05 11.6 Listing Nanjing Massacre documents 00:44:44 11.7 US withdrawals 00:46:45 11.8 Turkish–Kurdish conflict 00:47:28 12 Products or services 00:47:54 12.1 Information processing tools 00:49:13 13 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; French: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational, scientific, and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, and human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter. It is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 195 member states and ten associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries; national and regional offices also exist. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences, culture and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy, technical, and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press, regional and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage (World Heritage sites) and to preserve human rights, and attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide. It is also a member of the United Nations Development Group.UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication.The broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities.
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Oceania | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:01:47
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Oceania Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Oceania (UK: , US: ( listen), ) is a geographic region comprising Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania covers an area of 8,525,989 square kilometres (3,291,903 sq mi) and has a population of 40 million. Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, Oceania is the smallest continental grouping in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica. The islands at the geographic extremes of Oceania are Bonin Islands, a politically integral part of Japan; Hawaii, a state of the United States; Clipperton Island, a possession of France; the Juan Fernández Islands, belonging to Chile; and the Campbell Islands, belonging to New Zealand. Oceania has a diverse mix of economies from the highly developed and globally competitive financial markets of Australia and New Zealand, which rank high in quality of life and human development index, to the much less developed economies that belong to countries such as of Kiribati and Tuvalu, while also including medium-sized economies of Pacific islands such as Palau, Fiji and Tonga. The largest and most populous country in Oceania is Australia, with Sydney being the largest city of both Oceania and Australia.The first settlers of Australia, New Guinea, and the large islands just to the east arrived between 50,000 and 30,000 years ago. Oceania was first explored by Europeans from the 16th century onward. Portuguese navigators, between 1512 and 1526, reached the Tanimbar Islands, some of the Caroline Islands and west Papua New Guinea. On his first voyage in the 18th century, James Cook, who later arrived at the highly developed Hawaiian Islands, went to Tahiti and followed the east coast of Australia for the first time. The Pacific front saw major action during the Second World War, mainly between Allied powers the United States and Australia, and Axis power Japan. The arrival of European settlers in subsequent centuries resulted in a significant alteration in the social and political landscape of Oceania. In more contemporary times there has been increasing discussion on national flags and a desire by some Oceanians to display their distinguishable and individualistic identity. The rock art of Australian Aborigines is the longest continuously practiced artistic tradition in the world. Puncak Jaya in Papua is often considered the highest peak in Oceania. Most Oceanian countries have a parliamentary representative democratic multi-party system, with tourism being a large source of income for the Pacific Islands nations.
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